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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33686

Title: Understanding Recovery: Changes in the Relationships of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) Components Over Time
Authors: Davis, AM
Perruccio, AV
Ibrahim, S
Hogg-Johnson, S
Wong, R
Badley, EM
on behalf of the ICF Research Team
Keywords: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health; Longitudinal Data; Path Analysis, Disability, Intervention
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: Social Science and Medicine
Citation: Dec;75(11):1999-2006
Abstract: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework describes human functioning through body structure and function, activity and participation in the context of a person’s social and physical environment. This work tested the temporal relationships of these components. Our hypotheses were: 1) there would be associations among physical impairment, activity limitations and participation restrictions within time; 2) prior status of a component would be associated with future status; 3) prior status of one component would influence status of a second component (e.g. prior activity limitations would be associated with current participation restrictions); and, 4) the magnitude of the within time relationships of the components would vary over time. Participants (n=931) with primary hip or knee joint replacement, an intervention with predictable improvement in pain and disability, completed standardized outcome measures pre-surgery and five times in the first year post-surgery. These included physical impairment (pain), activity limitations and participation restrictions. ICF component relationships were evaluated cross-sectionally and longitudinally using path analysis adjusting for age, sex, BMI, hip vs. knee, low back pain and mood. All component scores improved significantly over time. The path coefficients supported the hypotheses in that both within and across time, physical impairment was associated with activity limitation and activity limitation was associated with participation restriction; prior status and change in a component were associated with current status in another component; and, the magnitude of the path coefficients varied over time with stronger associations among components to three months post surgery than later in recovery with the exception of the association between impairment and participation restrictions which was of similar magnitude at all times. This work enhances understanding of the complexities of the ICF component relationships in evaluating disability over time. Further longitudinal studies including evaluation of contextual factors are required.
URI: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22940011
http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33686
Appears in Collections:UofT Faculty publications

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