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|Title: ||Visualization of the Crystallization in Foam Extrusion Process|
|Authors: ||Tabatabaei Naeini, Alireza|
|Advisor: ||Park, Chul B.|
|Department: ||Mechanical and Industrial Engineering|
|Issue Date: ||3-Dec-2012|
|Abstract: ||In this study, crystal formation of polypropylene (PP) and poly lactic acid (PLA) in the presence of CO2 in foam extrusion process was investigated using a visualization chamber and a CCD camera. The role of pre-existing crystals on the foaming behavior of PP and PLA were studied by characterizing the foam morphology.
Visualization results showed that crystals formed within the die before foaming and these crystals affect the cell nucleation behavior and expansion ratio of PP and PLA significantly. Due to the fast crystallization kinetics of PP, crystallinity should be optimum to achieve uniform cell structure with high cell density and high expansion ratio. In PLA, enhancement of crystallinity is crucial for getting foam with a high expansion ratio. It was also visualized that CO2 significantly
suppresses the crystallization temperature in PP through the plasticization effect as well as its influence on flow induced crystallinity.|
|Appears in Collections:||Master|
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