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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33951

Title: Jet Definitions in Effective Field Theory and Decaying Dark Matter
Authors: Cheung, Man Yin
Advisor: Luke, Michael E.
Department: Physics
Keywords: Jet Definition
Effective Field Theory
Soft Collinear Effective Theory
Decaying Dark Matter
Issue Date: 10-Dec-2012
Abstract: In this thesis jet production and cosmological constraints on decaying dark matter are studied. The powerful framework of effective field theory is applied in both cases to further our knowledge of particle physics. We first discuss how to apply the Soft Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) for calculating hadronic jet production rate. By applying SCET power counting, we develop a consistent approach to perform phase space integrations. This approach is then successfully applied to one-loop calculations with regard to a variety of jet algorithms. This allows us to study if the soft contribution can be factorized from the collinear ones. In particular we point out the connection between such factorization and the choice of ultraviolet regulator. We then further our study of the (exclusive) kt and C/A jet algorithms in SCET with the introduction of an additional regulator. Regularizing the virtualities and rapidities of graphs in SCET, we are able to write the next-to-leading-order dijet cross section as the product of separate hard, jet, and soft contributions. We show how to reproduce the Sudakov form factor to next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy previously calculated by the coherent branching formalism. Our resummed expression only depends on the renormalization group evolution of the hard function, rather than on that of the hard and jet functions as is usual in SCET. Finally we present a complete analysis of the cosmological constraints on decaying dark matter. For this, we have updated and extended previous analyses to include Lyman-alpha forest, large scale structure, and weak lensing observations. Astrophysical constraints are not considered in this thesis. The bounds on the lifetime of decaying dark matter are dominated by either the late-time integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect for the scenario with weak reionization, or CMB polarisation observations when there is significant reionization. For the respective scenarios, the lifetimes for decaying dark matter are constrained by Gamma^{-1} > 100 Gyr and (f*Gamma)^{-1} > 5.3 x 10^8 Gyr (at 95.4% confidence level), where the phenomenological parameter f is the fraction of decay energy deposited into the baryonic gas. This allows us to constrain particle physics models with dark matter candidates, by analyzing effective operators responsible for the dark matter decays into Standard Model particles.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/33951
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