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|Title: ||Expression of mRNA encoding extracellular matrix glycoproteins SPARC and SC1 is temporally and spatially regulated in the developing cochlea of the rat inner ear|
|Authors: ||Mothe, Andrea J.|
Brown, Ian R.
|Keywords: ||Extracellular matrix; Calcium-binding glycoprotein; In situ hybridization; Organ of Corti; Deiters cell; Spiral ganglion neuron|
|Issue Date: ||2001|
|Publisher: ||Elsevier Science|
|Citation: ||Hearing Research 155 (2001) 161-174|
|Abstract: ||SPARC is a multifunctional extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein that shares partial sequence homology with SC1/hevin. These ECM molecules exhibit calcium-binding properties and modulate cellular interactions. This study examines the expression of SC1 and SPARC mRNA in the developing cochlea of the rat inner ear prior to and after the onset of hearing. At all ages examined, SC1 mRNA is highly expressed in neurons of the spiral ganglion. In contrast, SPARC transcripts are not detected in the spiral ganglion but are enriched in the temporal bone and cartilaginous otic capsule surrounding the cochlea. Both SC1 and SPARC mRNA are expressed in connective tissue elements involved in maintaining ionic homeostasis of cochlear fluids. SC1 mRNA is localized to type III fibrocytes of the spiral ligament (slg) and marginal cells of the stria vascularis, while SPARC mRNA is apparent in the spiral limbus and type I fibrocytes of the slg. At postnatal day 10, SPARC mRNA shows a dramatic change in expression. High levels of SPARC transcripts are induced in Deiters cells (dc) of the organ of Corti. Interestingly, this induction of SPARC mRNA correlates with the onset of hearing. This suggests that SPARC may play a role in calcium regulation in dc when functional maturation of the cochlea is attained and rapid changes in calcium levels are required.|
|Appears in Collections:||Biology|
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