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T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
Journal of Medical Internet Research >
Volume 2 (2000) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/4573

Title: The SGML Standardization Framework and the Introduction of XML
Authors: Fierz, Walter
Grütter, Rolf
Keywords: Original Paper
Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
standardization framework
patient record
Architectural Forms
Health Level 7
Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS)
clinical study
Issue Date: 30-Jun-2000
Publisher: Gunther Eysenbach; Centre for Global eHealth Innovation, Toronto, Canada
Citation: Walter Fierz, Rolf Grütter. The SGML Standardization Framework and the Introduction of XML. J Med Internet Res 2000;2(2):e12 <URL: http://www.jmir.org/2000/2/e12/>
Abstract: [This item is a preserved copy and is not necessarily the most recent version. To view the current item, visit http://www.jmir.org/2000/2/e12/ ] Extensible Markup Language (XML) is on its way to becoming a global standard for the representation, exchange, and presentation of information on the World Wide Web (WWW). More than that, XML is creating a standardization framework, in terms of an open network of meta-standards and mediators that allows for the definition of further conventions and agreements in specific business domains. Such an approach is particularly needed in the healthcare domain; XML promises to especially suit the particularities of patient records and their lifelong storage, retrieval, and exchange. At a time when change rather than steadiness is becoming the faithful feature of our society, standardization frameworks which support a diversified growth of specifications that are appropriate to the actual needs of the users are becoming more and more important; and efforts should be made to encourage this new attempt at standardization to grow in a fruitful direction. Thus, the introduction of XML reflects a standardization process which is neither exclusively based on an acknowledged standardization authority, nor a pure market standard. Instead, a consortium of companies, academic institutions, and public bodies has agreed on a common recommendation based on an existing standardization framework. The consortium's process of agreeing to a standardization framework will doubtlessly be successful in the case of XML, and it is suggested that it should be considered as a generic model for standardization processes in the future.
Description: Reviewer: Della Mea, Vincenzo
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/4573
ISSN: 1438-8871
Other Identifiers: doi:10.2196/jmir.2.2.e12
Rights: Copyright (cc) Retained by author(s) under a Creative Commons License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
Appears in Collections:Volume 2 (2000)

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