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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/5980

Title: Bacterial Contamination of Vhuswa - A Local Weaning Food and Stored Drinking-water in Impoverished Households in the Venda Region of South Africa
Authors: Natasha Potgieter; Chikwelu Larry Obi; Pascal Obong Bessong; Eunice Obiajulu Igumbor; Amidou Samie; Rose Nengobela ;
Keywords: Vhuswa; Weaning; Enteropathogens; Diarrhoea, Infantile; Food contamination;Water pollution; Escherichia coli; Shigella; Vibrio cholerae; Salmonella; Drinking-water; Water microbiology; Water quality; South Africa
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2005
Publisher: ICDDR,B: Centre for Health and Population Research
Citation: The Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition (ISSN: 1606-0997) Vol 23 Num 2
Abstract: Bacterial contaminants of Vhuswa, a traditional maize-based weaning food, and domestic drinking-water stored in impoverished rural households in Venda of Limpopo province, South Africa, were determined. One hundred and twenty-five samples of Vhuswa fed to children aged less than five years were assessed for Escherichia coli   , Campylobacter jejuni   , Salmonella   , and Shigella   . The microbiological quality of 125 drinking-water samples was also evaluated using total coliforms, faecal coliforms, and faecal streptococci as indicators. The frequency of isolation of E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, and C. jejuni from the Vhuswa samples was 70%, 5%, 5%, and 2% respectively. The geometric mean counts of total coliforms, faecal coliforms, and faecal streptococci in tap-water stored in household containers ranged from 4.9x102 to 5.8x103 cfu 100 mL-1 , 2.6x102 to 3.7x103 cfu 100 mL-1 , and 3.1x103 to 5.8x103 cfu 100 mL-1 respectively, and for stored spring water it was 5.1x103 cfu 100 mL-1 , 3.2x103 cfu 100 mL-1 , and 5.1x103 cfu 100 mL-1 respectively. The frequent contamination of water and food samples in this study has important implications for the health of children from impoverished communities.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/5980
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=hn05018
Rights: Copyright 2005 - ICDDR,B: Centre for Health and Population Research
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

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