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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/6143

Title: Gender power imbalance on women's capacity to negotiate self-protection against HIV/AIDS in Botswana and South Africa
Authors: Tabitha T. Langen
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2005
Publisher: Makerere University Medical School
Citation: African Health Sciences (ISSN: 1680-6905) Vol 5 Num 3
Abstract: Background: Gender power imbalance, which translates into a power imbalance in sexual interactions, is increasingly being recognized as a factor in fueling the spread of HIV/AIDS by increasing the number of unsafe sexual encounters. Objectives: To examine the influence of gender power imbalance and other factors on women's capacity to negotiate self protection against HIV infection; as well as men's response to the suggested condom use. Methods: Drawing on data gathered from 2658 women aged 18-49 years in a cross-sectional survey in Kwa Zulu Natal Province of South Africa and Botswana, the study used descriptive statistics and logistic regression to reveal a number of gender related factors that significantly affect women's ability to protect themselves against HIV infection. Results: Gender power imbalance significantly affects women's ability to suggest condom use to their partners. The study showed that it is women with partners 10 or more years older than them, abused women, and those economically dependent on their partners who are less likely to suggest condom use to their partners. Gender power imbalance also influences men's inclination towards refusing to use the suggested condom. The study showed that men are more likely to refuse to use the condom when the age difference between them and their female partners is wide, if they are in a married relationship, and where there is no communication about HIV/AIDS between them and their partners. What is more disturbing is the finding that it is men with multiple partners who are significantly more likely to refuse to use the condom. Conclusion: Across all levels of society, there is a need to see a social paradigm shift that transforms relationships between women and men, from the one of inequality and dominance as is the case in patriarchal societies, to equality, respect and consideration for one another.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/6143
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=hs05034
Rights: Copyright 2005 - Makerere Medical School, Uganda
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

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