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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/696

Title: Ontogenetic and phylogenetic development of the endocrine pancreas (islet organ) in fishes
Authors: Youson, John
Al-Mahrouki, Azza
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Citation: Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 116: 303-335, 1999.
Abstract: The morphology of the gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) system of fishes was reviewed with the objective of providing the phylogenetic and ontogenetic development of the system in this vertebrate group, which includes agnathans and gnathostome cartilaginous, actinoptyerygian, and sarcopterygian fishes. Particular emphasis is placed on the fish homolog of the endocrine pancreas of other vertebrates, which is referred to as the islet organ. The one-hormone islet organ (B cells) of larval lampreys is the most basic pattern seen among a free-living vertebrate, with the two-hormone islet organ (B and D cells) of hagfish and the three-hormone islet organ (B, D, and F cells) of adult lampreys implying a phylogenetic trend toward the classic four-hormone islet tissue (B, D, F, and A cells) in most other fishes. An earlier stage in the development of this phylogenetic sequence in vertebrates may have been the restriction of islet-type hormones to the alimentary canal, like that seen in protochordates. The relationship of the islet organ to exocrine pancreatic tissue, or its equivalent, is variable among bony, cartilaginous, and agnathan fishes and is likely a manifestation of the early divergence of these piscine groups. Variations in pancreatic morphology between individuals of subgroups within both the lamprey and chondrichthyan taxa are consistent with their evolutionary distance. A comparison of the distribution and degree of concentration of the components of the islet organ among teleosts indicates a diffuse distribution of relatively small islets in the generalized euteleosts and the tendency for the concentration into Brockmann bodies of large (principal) islets (with or without secondary islets) in the more derived forms. The holostean actinopterygians (Amiiformes and Semiontiformes) share with the basal teleosts (osteoglossomorphs, elopomorphs) the diffuse arrangement of the components of the islet organ that is seen in generalized euteleosts. Since principal islets are also present in adult lampreys the question arises whether principal islets are a derived or a generalized feature among teleosts. There is a paucity of studies on the ontogeny of the GEP system in fish but it has been noted that the timing of the appearance of the islet cell types parallels the time that they appear during phylogeny; the theory of recapitulation has been revisited. It is stressed that the lamprey life cycle provides a good opportunity for studying the development of the GEP system. There are now several markers of cell differentiation in the mammalian endocrine pancreas which would be useful for investigating the development of the islet organ and cells of the remaining GEP system in fish.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/696
Appears in Collections:Biology

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