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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/7249

Title: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections
Authors: Sarguna, P.
Lakshmi, V.
Keywords: Cerebrospinal fluid shunts, shunt colonization, coagulase negative Staphylococcus, Gram negative bacteria
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2006
Publisher: Medknow Publications on behalf of Indian Association of Medical Microbiology
Citation: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology (ISSN: 0255-0857) Vol 24 Num 1
Abstract: Central nervous system (CNS) shunt infection is a cause of significant morbidity, causing shunt malfunction and chronic ill health. This study was carried out to evaluate the infection rate associated with CNS shunts, assess the frequency of the pathogens as well as their antibiotic sensitivity pattern aiming at suitable prophylaxis. A retrospective analysis of 226 CSF cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt procedures sent for bacteriological work up over a period of one year and six months was undertaken. Laboratory diagnosis was established by subjecting the CSF to cell count, biochemical tests, bacteriological culture and antibiotic susceptibility test. Nine out of 226(3.98%) of the CSF samples were culture positive. Coagulase negative Staphylococcus   was the most common isolate accounting for 36.36%. Majority of the isolates were sensitive to the thirdgeneration cephalosporins and quinolones. The antibiotic sensitivity pattern suggests cephalosporins and quinolones to be a better choice of antibiotics either prophylactically or therapeutically, which may result in effective and rapid sterilisation of the CSF.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/7249
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=mb06010
Rights: Copyright 2006 Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

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