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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/7985

Title: FACTORS INFLUENCING THE INCIDENCE OF PRE-TERM BIRTH IN CALABAR, NIGERIA
Authors: Etuk, S. J.
Etuk, I. S.
Oyo-Ita, A. E.
Keywords: Pre-disposing factors, increased incidence, pre-term birth, Nigeria
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2005
Publisher: Physiological Society of Nigeria
Citation: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences (ISSN: 0794-859X) Vol 20 Num 1-2
Abstract: Women who had pre-term birth in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, over a 21/2 year period were studied. The aim was to establish the factors influencing the incidence of pre-term birth in Calabar. Factors which significantly increase the incidence of pre-term delivery included: previous induced abortion (P < 0.0001), nulliparity (P < 0.001), out of wedlock birth (P < 0.05) and lack of antenatal care (P < 0.01). Women with multiple pregnancy (P < 0.001) or previous pre-term delivery (P < 0.01), have a significantly high risk for pre-term birth. Antenatal complications (P < 0.0001) particularly anaemia (P < 0.001) or malaria (P < 0.05) in the index pregnancy constitute risk factors for pre-term delivery. However, educational status, social class and previous spontaneous abortion did not seem to significantly influence the incidence of pre-term birth in this study (P > 0.05). Wider use of family planning, less restrictive abortion laws and training of doctors and nurses on the use of manual vacuum aspiration in the management of post-abortion complications may help reduce the incidence of pre-term birth in Calabar. Replacing pyrimethamine chemoprophylaxis for malaria in pregnancy by intermittent treatment of malaria with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and deworming our women during antenatal care may also help reduce the incidence of pre-term birth in our community.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/7985
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=np05012
Rights: Copyright 2005 - Physiological Society of Nigeria
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

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