test Browse by Author Names Browse by Titles of Works Browse by Subjects of Works Browse by Issue Dates of Works

Advanced Search
& Collections
Issue Date   
Sign on to:   
Receive email
My Account
authorized users
Edit Profile   
About T-Space   

T-Space at The University of Toronto Libraries >
University of Toronto at Scarborough >
Bioline International Legacy Collection >
Bioline International Legacy Collection >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/9100

Title: Evaluation of ferric chloride and alum efficiencies in enhanced coagulation for toc removal and related residual metal concentrations
Authors: Mesdaghinia, A.
Rafiee, M. T.
Vaezi, F.
Mahvi, A. H.
Keywords: Drinking water, enhanced coagulation, humic acid, DBPs, residual metal
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2005
Publisher: Iranian Association of Environmental Health (IAEH)
Citation: Iranian Journal of Environmental Health, Science and Engineering (ISSN: p-ISSN: 1735-1979) Vol 2 Num 3
Abstract: Although the removal of colloidal particles continues to be an important reason for using coagulation, a newer objective, the removal of natural organic matter (NOM) to reduce the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs), is growing in importance. Enhanced coagulation is thus introduced to most water utilities treating surface water. Bench-scale experiments were conducted to compare the effectiveness of alum and ferric chloride in removing DBPs precursors from eight synthetic water samples, each representing a different element of the USEPA's 3×3 enhanced coagulation matrix. The effect of enhanced coagulation on the residual metal (aluminum/iron) concentration in the treated water was assessed as well. The removal of total organic carbon (TOC) was dependent on the coagulant type and was enhanced with increasing coagulant dose, but the latter had no further considerable effect in case of increasing to high levels. For all the treated samples coagulation with ferric chloride proved to be more effective than alum at similar doses and the mean values of treatment efficiencies were 51% and 32% for ferric chloride and alum, respectively. Ferric chloride was therefore considered the better chemical for enhancing the coagulation process. Besides, due to less production of sludge by this coagulant, it would be predicted that treatment plants would be confronted to fewer problems with respect to final sludge disposal. Measurements of residual metal in treated water indicated that iron and aluminum concentrations had been increased as expected but the quality of water concerning the residual metal deteriorated much more in cases of under-dosing. Despite expecting high residual Al and Fe concentrations under enhanced coagulation, metal concentrations were frequently remained low and were not increased appreciably.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1807/9100
Other Identifiers: http://www.bioline.org.br/abstract?id=se05027
Rights: Copyright 2005 - Tehran University of Medical Sciences Publications
Appears in Collections:Bioline International Legacy Collection

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
se05027.pdf65.14 kBAdobe PDF

Items in T-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.