1] Austerlitz: a village, now named Slavkov, where on Dec. 2, 1805, Napoleon led an outnumbered French army to victory over Austrian and Russian forces.
Waterloo: Napoleon's final defeat, near this town in Belgium on June 18, 1815, by a European coalition including Austria, Great Britain, Prussia and Russia.
4] Gettysberg: a decisive victory by the Union army in the American civil war was won near this Pennsylvania town July 1-3, 1863.
5] Ypres: a town in Belgium at which three battles were fought in World War I (1914, 1915, and 1917) resulting in over 600,000 casualties and stalemate.
Verdun: during most of 1916 the Allied and German armies fought over this French town and castle, the battles ending indecisively with nearly 700,000 casualties.
Online text copyright © 2003, Ian Lancashire for the Department
of English, University of Toronto.
Published by the Web Development Group, Information Technology Services, University of Toronto Libraries.
Original text: Carl Sandburg, Cornhuskers (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1918), p. 126. PS 3537 A618C6 1916 Robarts Library.
First publication date: 1918
RPO poem editor: Ian Lancashire
RP edition: RPO 1998.
Recent editing: 4:2002/3/7
Form: Free Verse
Other poems by Carl Sandburg