Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909)
Ave Atque Vale
In Memory of Charles Baudelaire
Nous devrions pourtant lui porter quelques fleurs;
Les morts, les pauvres morts, ont de grandes douleurs,
Et quand Octobre souffle, émondeur des vieux arbres,
Son vent mélancolique à l'entour de leurs marbres,
Certe, ils doivent trouver les vivants bien ingrats.
Les Fleurs du Mal.
1Shall I strew on thee rose or rue or laurel,
2 Brother, on this that was the veil of thee?
3 Or quiet sea-flower moulded by the sea,
4Or simplest growth of meadow-sweet or sorrel,
5 Such as the summer-sleepy Dryads weave,
6 Waked up by snow-soft sudden rains at eve?
7Or wilt thou rather, as on earth before,
8 Half-faded fiery blossoms, pale with heat
9 And full of bitter summer, but more sweet
10To thee than gleanings of a northern shore
11 Trod by no tropic feet?
12For always thee the fervid languid glories
13 Allured of heavier suns in mightier skies;
14 Thine ears knew all the wandering watery sighs
15Where the sea sobs round Lesbian promontories,
16 The barren kiss of piteous wave to wave
17 That knows not where is that Leucadian grave
18Which hides too deep the supreme head of song.
19 Ah, salt and sterile as her kisses were,
20 The wild sea winds her and the green gulfs bear
21Hither and thither, and vex and work her wrong,
22 Blind gods that cannot spare.
23Thou sawest, in thine old singing season, brother,
24 Secrets and sorrows unbeheld of us:
25 Fierce loves, and lovely leaf-buds poisonous,
26Bare to thy subtler eye, but for none other
27 Blowing by night in some unbreathed-in clime;
28 The hidden harvest of luxurious time,
29Sin without shape, and pleasure without speech;
30 And where strange dreams in a tumultuous sleep
31 Make the shut eyes of stricken spirits weep;
32And with each face thou sawest the shadow on each,
33 Seeing as men sow men reap.
34O sleepless heart and sombre soul unsleeping,
35 That were athirst for sleep and no more life
36 And no more love, for peace and no more strife!
37Now the dim gods of death have in their keeping
38 Spirit and body and all the springs of song,
39 Is it well now where love can do no wrong,
40Where stingless pleasure has no foam or fang
41 Behind the unopening closure of her lips?
42 Is it not well where soul from body slips
43And flesh from bone divides without a pang
44 As dew from flower-bell drips?
45It is enough; the end and the beginning
46 Are one thing to thee, who art past the end.
47 O hand unclasped of unbeholden friend,
48For thee no fruits to pluck, no palms for winning,
49 No triumph and no labour and no lust,
50 Only dead yew-leaves and a little dust.
51O quiet eyes wherein the light saith nought,
52 Whereto the day is dumb, nor any night
53 With obscure finger silences your sight,
54Nor in your speech the sudden soul speaks thought,
55 Sleep, and have sleep for light.
56Now all strange hours and all strange loves are over,
57 Dreams and desires and sombre songs and sweet,
58 Hast thou found place at the great knees and feet
59Of some pale Titan-woman like a lover,
60 Such as thy vision here solicited,
61 Under the shadow of her fair vast head,
62The deep division of prodigious breasts,
63 The solemn slope of mighty limbs asleep,
64 The weight of awful tresses that still keep
65The savour and shade of old-world pine-forests
66 Where the wet hill-winds weep?
67Hast thou found any likeness for thy vision?
68 O gardener of strange flowers, what bud, what bloom,
69 Hast thou found sown, what gathered in the gloom?
70What of despair, of rapture, of derision,
71 What of life is there, what of ill or good?
72 Are the fruits grey like dust or bright like blood?
73Does the dim ground grow any seed of ours,
74 The faint fields quicken any terrene root,
75 In low lands where the sun and moon are mute
76And all the stars keep silence? Are there flowers
77 At all, or any fruit?
78Alas, but though my flying song flies after,
79 O sweet strange elder singer, thy more fleet
80 Singing, and footprints of thy fleeter feet,
81Some dim derision of mysterious laughter
82 From the blind tongueless warders of the dead,
83 Some gainless glimpse of Proserpine's veiled head,
84Some little sound of unregarded tears
85 Wept by effaced unprofitable eyes,
86 And from pale mouths some cadence of dead sighs --
87These only, these the hearkening spirit hears,
88 Sees only such things rise.
89Thou art far too far for wings of words to follow,
90 Far too far off for thought or any prayer.
91 What ails us with thee, who art wind and air?
92What ails us gazing where all seen is hollow?
93 Yet with some fancy, yet with some desire,
94 Dreams pursue death as winds a flying fire,
95Our dreams pursue our dead and do not find.
96 Still, and more swift than they, the thin flame flies,
97 The low light fails us in elusive skies,
98Still the foiled earnest ear is deaf, and blind
99 Are still the eluded eyes.
100Not thee, O never thee, in all time's changes,
101 Not thee, but this the sound of thy sad soul,
102 The shadow of thy swift spirit, this shut scroll
103I lay my hand on, and not death estranges
104 My spirit from communion of thy song --
105 These memories and these melodies that throng
106Veiled porches of a Muse funereal --
107 These I salute, these touch, these clasp and fold
108 As though a hand were in my hand to hold,
109Or through mine ears a mourning musical
110 Of many mourners rolled.
111I among these, I also, in such station
112 As when the pyre was charred, and piled the sods,
113 And offering to the dead made, and their gods,
114The old mourners had, standing to make libation,
115 I stand, and to the gods and to the dead
116 Do reverence without prayer or praise, and shed
117Offering to these unknown, the gods of gloom,
118 And what of honey and spice my seedlands bear,
119 And what I may of fruits in this chilled air,
120And lay, Orestes-like, across the tomb
121 A curl of severed hair.
122But by no hand nor any treason stricken,
123 Not like the low-lying head of Him, the King,
124 The flame that made of Troy a ruinous thing,
125Thou liest, and on this dust no tears could quicken
126 There fall no tears like theirs that all men hear
127 Fall tear by sweet imperishable tear
128Down the opening leaves of holy poets' pages.
129 Thee not Orestes, not Electra mourns;
130 But bending us-ward with memorial urns
131The most high Muses that fulfil all ages
132 Weep, and our God's heart yearns.
133For, sparing of his sacred strength, not often
134 Among us darkling here the lord of light
135 Makes manifest his music and his might
136In hearts that open and in lips that soften
137 With the soft flame and heat of songs that shine.
138 Thy lips indeed he touched with bitter wine,
139And nourished them indeed with bitter bread;
140 Yet surely from his hand thy soul's food came,
141 The fire that scarred thy spirit at his flame
142Was lighted, and thine hungering heart he fed
143 Who feeds our hearts with fame.
144Therefore he too now at thy soul's sunsetting,
145 God of all suns and songs, he too bends down
146 To mix his laurel with thy cypress crown,
147And save thy dust from blame and from forgetting.
148 Therefore he too, seeing all thou wert and art,
149 Compassionate, with sad and sacred heart,
150Mourns thee of many his children the last dead,
151 And hallows with strange tears and alien sighs
152 Thine unmelodious mouth and sunless eyes,
153And over thine irrevocable head
154 Sheds light from the under skies.
155And one weeps with him in the ways Lethean,
156 And stains with tears her changing bosom chill:
157 That obscure Venus of the hollow hill,
158That thing transformed which was the Cytherean,
159 With lips that lost their Grecian laugh divine
160 Long since, and face no more called Erycine;
161A ghost, a bitter and luxurious god.
162 Thee also with fair flesh and singing spell
163 Did she, a sad and second prey, compel
164Into the footless places once more trod,
165 And shadows hot from hell.
166And now no sacred staff shall break in blossom,
167 No choral salutation lure to light
168 A spirit sick with perfume and sweet night
169And love's tired eyes and hands and barren bosom.
170 There is no help for these things; none to mend
171 And none to mar; not all our songs, O friend,
172Will make death clear or make life durable.
173 Howbeit with rose and ivy and wild vine
174 And with wild notes about this dust of thine
175At least I fill the place where white dreams dwell
176 And wreathe an unseen shrine.
177Sleep; and if life was bitter to thee, pardon,
178 If sweet, give thanks; thou hast no more to live;
179 And to give thanks is good, and to forgive.
180Out of the mystic and the mournful garden
181 Where all day through thine hands in barren braid
182 Wove the sick flowers of secrecy and shade,
183Green buds of sorrow and sin, and remnants grey,
184 Sweet-smelling, pale with poison, sanguine-hearted,
185 Passions that sprang from sleep and thoughts that started,
186Shall death not bring us all as thee one day
187 Among the days departed?
188For thee, O now a silent soul, my brother,
189 Take at my hands this garland, and farewell.
190 Thin is the leaf, and chill the wintry smell,
191And chill the solemn earth, a fatal mother,
192 With sadder than the Niobean womb,
193 And in the hollow of her breasts a tomb.
194Content thee, howsoe'er, whose days are done;
195 There lies not any troublous thing before,
196 Nor sight nor sound to war against thee more,
197For whom all winds are quiet as the sun,
198 All waters as the shore.
1] Swinburne on May 22, 1867, wrote to George Powell: "I am writing a little sort of lyric dirge for my poor Baudelaire, which I think is good as far as it has got" (The Complete Works of Algernon Charles Swinburne, ed. Sir Edmund Gosse and Thomas James Wise [London: William Heinemann, 1926]: I, 246).
Charles Baudelaire (1821-67), French poet of melancholic verse, author of the Fleurs du Mal (1857; 1861). The epigraph is from poem C (100; see the edition by Jean-Paul Sartre [Librairie Gallimard, 1961]: 120-21), beginning "La servante au grand coeur dont vous étiez jalouse."
5] Dryads: nymphs of the forests.
15] Lesbian: of Lesbos, a Greek isle associated with love.
17] Leucadian grave: the Greek poet Sappho was thought to have jumped from the cliffs of Leucadia, an island in the Ionian sea, from her unrequited love for Phaon.
59] Titan-woman: daughters of Uranus and Ge, the great gods of Greek myth overthrown by Zeus.
120] Orestes-like: son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestrawho killed his mother and her lover Aegisthus for their murder of his father.
155] Lethean: the river of the Greek hell, Hades, whose name means `oblivion.'
158] Cytherean: worshipper of Aphrodite.
160] Erycine: Venus-like, so-called after Eryx, a mountain and nearby city in Sicily renowned for its temple to her.
192] Niobean womb: Niobe, wife of Amphion whose twelve sons and daughters were all killed by Apollo and Artemis and who was transformed from grief into a stone that wept.
Online text copyright © 2003, Ian Lancashire for the Department
of English, University of Toronto.
Published by the Web Development Group, Information Technology Services,
University of Toronto Libraries.
Original text: Swinburne's Collected Poetical Works, 2 vols. (London: William Heinemann, 1924): I, 346-53.
First publication date:
Publication date note: Fortnightly Review (Jan. 1868): 71-76; and then Poems and Ballads, 2nd series (1878): 71-83.
RPO poem editor: Ian Lancashire
RP edition: RPO (1999).
Recent editing: 2:2002/5/2
Other poems by Algernon Charles Swinburne