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Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892)

In Memoriam A. H. H. OBIIT MDCCCXXXIII: 82


              1I wage not any feud with Death
              2      For changes wrought on form and face;
              3      No lower life that earth's embrace
              4May breed with him, can fright my faith.

              5Eternal process moving on,
              6      From state to state the spirit walks;
              7      And these are but the shatter'd stalks,
              8Or ruin'd chrysalis of one.

              9Nor blame I Death, because he bare
            10      The use of virtue out of earth:
            11      I know transplanted human worth
            12Will bloom to profit, otherwhere.

            13For this alone on Death I wreak
            14      The wrath that garners in my heart;
            15      He put our lives so far apart
            16We cannot hear each other speak.

Notes

1] First published anonymously in the volume with this title in 1850, though the 131 sections or separate poems that compose it were written and rewritten from 1833 to the time of publication. Two of the 131 sections were added in later editions: LIX in 1851, and XXXIX in 1872. The poem is in memory of Tennyson's friend Arthur Henry Hallam, son of the eminent historian. Hallam was engaged to marry Tennyson's sister Emily, when he died suddenly of a stroke in Vienna on September 15, 1833, at the age of twenty-two. Although written without any plan at first, the parts of the poem were finally arranged in a pattern to cover the period of about three years following Hallam's death. Tennyson himself insisted that it is "a poem, not a biography .... The different moods of sorrow as in a drama are dramatically given, and my conviction that fear, doubts, and suffering will find answer and relief only through Faith in a God of Love. `I' is not always the author speaking of himself, but the voice of the human race speaking through him."
OBIIT MDCCCXXXIII: he died in 1833.


Online text copyright © 2003, Ian Lancashire for the Department of English, University of Toronto.
Published by the Web Development Group, Information Technology Services, University of Toronto Libraries.

Original text: Alfred lord Tennyson, In Memoriam (London: E. Moxon, 1850). PR 5562 A1 1850 Victoria College Library (Toronto). Alfred lord Tennyson, Works (London: Macmillan, 1891). tenn T366 A1 1891a Fisher Rare Book Library (Toronto).
First publication date: 1850
RPO poem editor: H. M. McLuhan
RP edition: 3RP 3.70.
Recent editing: 2:2002/2/14

Rhyme: abba


Other poems by Alfred Lord Tennyson