1.1] Jumna: river and branch of the Ganges in northern India that runs past Delhi.
2.2] Moree: Mori or Moree bastion of the walls of Delhi, assaulted by British forces during the quelling of the 1857 mutiny of high-caste Bengal sepoys troops. See Richard Collier's The Great Indian Mutiny (New York: Dutton, 1964). The rebellion occurred in part because Bengal troops were expected to bite the end of bullets -- which had been greased in pig-fat (forbidden to Muslims) -- in loading their British Lee-Enfield rifles.
2.3] glacis: "The parapet of the covered way extended in a long slope to meet the natural surface of the ground, so that every part of it shall be swept by the fire of the ramparts" (OED).
2.7] Nicholson: John Nicholson (1822-1857), Anglo-Indian deputy commissioner of Bannu who single-handedly kept peace in the Punjab during the 1857 Mutiny in India and who achieved victory in Delhi, then under control of the rebels. Nicholson died, shot in the back as he led his soldiers in the capture of Delhi.
2.9] Musalmán: Muslim man.
2.10] shuttlecocks: feathered rubber-covered cork nub struck by badminton rackets.
Online text copyright © 2003, Ian Lancashire for the Department
of English, University of Toronto.
Published by the Web Development Group, Information Technology Services, University of Toronto Libraries.
Original text: Sir Alfred Lyall, Verses Written in India (London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1889): 44-47. British Library.
First publication date: 1889
RPO poem editor: Ian Lancashire
RP edition: RPO 2001
Recent editing: 2:2002/2/21
Other poems by Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall