4] The Shenandoah River joins the Potomac River at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, where abolitionist John Brown and 21 men attacked the Federal armory December 2, 1859, to initiate a slave rebellion. Brown was hanged December 2 that year for treason.
11] The Shenandoah valley would be the site of battles from 1862 to 1864 in the Civil War, including Kernstown, Winchester, Cross Keys, Opequon Creek, Fisher's Hill, and Cedar Creek.
Online text copyright © 2003, Ian Lancashire for the Department
of English, University of Toronto.
Published by the Web Development Group, Information Technology Services, University of Toronto Libraries.
Original text: Collected Poems of Herman Melville, ed. Howard P. Vincent (Chicago: Packard, 1947): 3. PS 2382 V5 Robarts Library
First publication date: 1866
RPO poem editor: Ian Lancashire
RP edition: 2003
Recent editing: 1:2003/6/2
Rhyme: ababccd efefggd
Other poems by Herman Melville