A TIME-LINE OF ENGLISH POETRY 658-2003

Representative Poetry On-line VERSION 3.0


Poetry edited by members of the Department of English at the University of Toronto from 1912 to the present
Electronic Index by Ian Lancashire © 1994-2004

Indexes: [ by Poet | by Title | by First Line | by Days of the Year | by Keyword | Glossary of Poetic Terms | Criticism on Poetry | Canadian Poetry | Introduction ]
Related Materials: [ Encoding Guidelines | Questions and Answers | Bibliography and links | UT English Library]


OLD ENGLISH 449-1066

MIDDLE ENGLISH 1066-1485

EARLY MODERN ENGLISH 1485-1800

Renaissance 1485-1603
17th Century 1603-1667
Augustans 1667-1780

NEW ENGLISH 1800-

Romantics 1780-1830
Victorians 1833-1903    
Georgians 1903-20
Moderns 1920-60      
The Beat Generation 1950-70
The Movement 1960-80
Postmoderns 1980-

Note that these divisions simplify the history of poetry and are useful only for characterizing general trends. A poet in one period may have more in common with a poet in another than with contemporaries.

RPO version 3.0 holds the contents of the University of Toronto Press RP editions of 1912, 1916, 1935-46, and 1962-67, and many other poets. See the "What's New" file for additions made since 1994.


Old English 449-1066

383-407
ROMAN LEGIONS LEAVE BRITAIN

449
ANGLO-SAXONS INVADE BRITAIN

537
BATTLE OF CAMLAN: ARTHUR, A ROMANO-BRITON LEADER, KILLED

596
AUGUSTINE LEAVES ROME AS MISSIONARY TO BRITAIN
658
Caedmon, an uneducated herdsman, about this date discovers that he can extemporaneously utter poetry at the newly-founded monastery at Strenæshalc (Whitby) and makes verses on creation. He is the first known poet and this the first known poem in English.

673
BIRTHS: the Venerable Bede.

700-800
• Cynewulf writes and signs four Anglo-Saxon poems: Christ II, Elene, The Fates of the Apostles, and Juliana.

700
• About this time runic extracts from The Dream of the Rood are carved on the Ruthwell Cross.

735
• The Venerable Bede's "Death Song"

871
ALFRED, KING OF ENGLAND (-899)

900-999
• Deor, a scop, writes a poem of consolation, probably in this century

937
• The battle of Brunanburh, at which King Athelstan defeated the Scots, is celebrated in a poem in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

943
EDWY (-957)

950-1000
• Period of the making of the four great poetry manuscripts: the Junius MS, the Vercelli Book, the Exeter Book, and the Beowulf MS. The Beowulf can be dated as early as 680.

957
EDGAR (-975)

975
EDWARD THE MARTYR (-978)

978
ETHELRED (-1013)

1000
• The Battle of Maldon, a poem on the fight between the English and the Danes in 991.

1013
SWEGN FORKBEARD (-1014)

1016
EDMUND IRONSIDE (-1016); CNUT (-1035)

1035
HAROLD HAREFOOT (-1040)

1040
HARTHACNUT (-1042)

1042
EDWARD THE CONFESSOR (-1066)

Middle English 1066-1485

1066
HAROLD GODWINSON (-1066); DEFEATED BY WILLIAM OF NORMANDY ON OCT. 14 (-1087)

1087
WILLIAM II (-1100)

1100-1200
• Layamon, late 12th cent. author of Brut, a 32,000-line poem.

1100
HENRY I (-1135)

1135
STEPHEN (-1154)

1154
HENRY II (-1189)

1155
• Wace's Anglo-Norman Roman de Brut (?)

1160-1170
• Period of Walter Map, Anglo-Latin poet

1172
• Wace's Anglo-Norman Roman de Rou (?)

1160
• Thomas of Britain's Anglo-Norman Tristan

1189
RICHARD I (-1199)

1199
JOHN (-1216)

1216
HENRY III (-1272)

1230
• first 4,000 lines of Guillaume de Lorris' Roman de la Rose, composed

1250
The Owl and the Nightingale, an amusing verse debate probably written by Nicholas of Guildford about this time

1265
BIRTHS: Dante Alighieri.

1272
EDWARD I (-1307)

1275
• Jean de Meun extends Roman de la Rose by over 17,500 lines

before 1300
Dame Sirith (?)

1300-1400
• Huchown.

1300
• Two romances, Guy of Warwick and Bevis of Hampton, were composed about this time.
BIRTHS: Richard Rolle (?)

ca. 1307-1321
• Alighieri Dante's Divina Commedia.

1307
EDWARD II (-1327)

1314
ROBERT BRUCE DEFEATS EDWARD II AT BANNOCKBURN

ca. 1314-25
• Lyrics from British Library Harley 2253, including "Alysoun" and ""Lenten ys come with love to toune."

1321
DEATHS: Dante Alighieri.

before 1325
Cursor Mundi, a verse history of the world in about 24,000 lines.

1327
EDWARD III (-1377)

1330
BIRTHS: John Gower (?); William Langland (?).
Sir Orfeo, a romance (?)

1343
BIRTHS: Geoffrey Chaucer (?).

1349
DEATHS: Richard Rolle

ca. 1350-52
• Boccaccio's Decameron

1350
BIRTHS: Andrew of Wyntoun (Scotland) (?)

1352
Wynnere and Wastoure

1361
BIRTHS: Henry Scogan (?).

1362
ENGLISH REPLACES FRENCH IN PARLIAMENT AND LAW COURTS

ca. 1367-70
• A-text of Langland's Piers Plowman

1369
• Chaucer's The Book of the Duchess
BIRTHS: Thomas Hoccleve (?)

1370
BIRTHS: John Lydgate (?)

1376
• John Gower writes his Mirour de l'Omme, or Speculum Meditantis, about 1376-78.
• John Barbour (Scotland) writes The Bruce, a verse chronicle of about 13,000 lines.

1377
RICHARD II (-1399)
• B-text of Langland's Piers Plowman is written about 1377-79.

1379
• John Gower's Vox Clamantis is written about 1379-81.

1380-1400
• the works of the so-called Gawain poet, containing Pearl, Patience, Cleanness, and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight from British Library manuscript Cotton Nero A.x

1380
• John Wyclif translates the Bible (?), into English.

1384
DEATHS: Wyclif

1385
• Chaucer's "Troilus and Criseyde
• C-text of Langland's Piers Plowman about 1385-86

1386
DEATHS: "William Langland (?)

ca. 1387-1400
• Chaucer's Canterbury Tales

1390-1393
• John Gower's Confessio Amantis is published at this time in its first version.

1391
DEATHS: Sir John Clanvowe, supposed author of The Cuckoo and the Nightingale

1394
BIRTHS: Charles, duc d'Orléans; James I of Scotland

1395
DEATHS: John Barbour

about 1395
Pierce the Ploughmans Crede

1399
HENRY IV (-1413)

before 1400
• The alliterative Morte Arthure (?)
Sir Launfal, by Thomas Chestre

1400
DEATHS: Geoffrey Chaucer

ca. 1406-25
• James I of Scotland, while captured in England, writes "The Kingis Quair.

1407
DEATHS: Henry Scogan

1408
DEATHS: John Gower

1412
• John Lydgate's Troy Book, written about 1412-20

1413
HENRY V (-1422)

1420
• John Lydgate's The Siege of Thebes, written about 1420-22

1422
HENRY VI (-1461, 1470-71)

1424
BIRTHS: Robert Henryson (?)

1425
DEATHS: Andrew of Wyntoun (?)

1426
• John Lydgate's The Pilgrimage of Man, written about 1426-30
DEATHS: Thomas Hoccleve

1431
• John Lydgate's The Fall of Princes, written about 1431-28

1437
DEATHS: James I of Scotland, killed

1440
BIRTHS: Henry the Minstrel, otherwise known as "Blind Harry" (Scotland).

1449
DEATHS: John Lydgate

about 1450
• Sir Richard Holland's The Buke of the Howlat.

1455
RICHARD, DUKE OF YORK, DEFEATS HENRY VI AT ST. ALBANS ON MAY 22, THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR OF THE ROSES

1456
BIRTHS: William Dunbar (?)

1460
• "Blind Harry" writes the 12,000-line poem, The Wallace (?).
BIRTHS: John Skelton (?); Walter Kennedy (Scotland) (?)

1461
EDWARD IV (-1469, 1471-83)

1471
DEATHS
Henry VI

1474
CAXTON PRINTS THE FIRST BOOK IN ENGLAND
BIRTHS: Gawin Douglas (?); Walter Kennedy (Scotland) (?)

before 1475
The Floure and the Leaf composed (?)

1475
BIRTHS: Alexander Barclay (?); Stephen Hawes (?)

1476
• William Caxton prints Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (?)
BIRTHS: Henry Parker Morley, lord

1477
BIRTHS: Thomas More

1483
EDWARD V (-1483); RICHARD III (-1485)
• William Caxton prints Gower's Confessio Amantis

1484
• William Caxton prints Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde

Early Modern English 1485-1800

Renaissance 1485-1603

1485
HENRY TUDOR DEFEATS RICHARD III ON BOSWORTH FIELD; HENRY VII (-1509)

1486
BIRTHS: Sir David Lindsay (Scotland)

1491
BIRTHS: Henry Tudor, the future Henry VIII

1492
COLUMBUS DISCOVERS SAN SALVADOR ON OCT. 12
DEATHS: "Blind Harry."

1497
JOHN CABOT DISCOVERS NEWFOUNDLAND
BIRTHS: John Heywood (?)

1498
• John Skelton's The Bowge of Courte composed (?)

1500
BIRTHS: John Ballantyne (?)

1503
• William Dunbar's The Thrissill and the Rois composed
• Henry, son of Henry VII, becomes the Prince of Wales
BIRTHS: Sir Thomas Wyatt (?)

1506
DEATHS: Robert Henryson (?)

1507
• William Dunbar's The Dance of the Sevin Deidly Synnis, The Goldyn Targe, The Lament for the Makaris, and The Tretis of the Tua Mariit Wemen composed (?)

1508
• William Dunbar's poems are published in Edinburgh
DEATHS: Walter Kennedy (?).

1509
HENRY VIII (-1547)
• Alexander Barclay's Ship of Fools
• Stephen Hawes' Passetyme of Pleasure
• Henry Tudor is married to Catherine of Aragon on June 11 and succeeds his father Henry VII on Aug. 21 as Henry VIII
BIRTHS: Thomas Vaux, 2nd baron Vaux of Harrowden

1511
DEATHS: Stephen Hawes

1513
• Gavin Douglas translates Virgil's "Aeneid
DEATHS: William Dunbar (?), perhaps at Flodden Field

1514
Dr. D. Cooper active at the court of Henry VIII

1517
BIRTHS: Henry Howard, earl of Surrey (?)

1519
BIRTHS: Nicholas Grimald (?)

1520
• Thomas Churchyard (?)

1521
BIRTHS: Anne Askew

1522
• John Skelton's "Why Come Ye Not to Court?" attacks Cardinal Wolsey
DEATHS: Gavin Douglas

1523
• John Skelton's The Garlande of Laurel written

1528
BIRTHS: Thomas Whythorne

1529
DEATHS: John Skelton on June 21

1530
BIRTHS: George Puttenham (?)

1532
• W. Thynne edits Chaucer's works
• Ariosto's Orlando Furioso

1533
HENRY VIII SECRETLY MARRIES ANNE BOLEYN
BIRTHS: Elizabeth Tudor, later Elizabeth I

1534
BIRTHS: George Gascoigne (?)

1535
DEATHS: Sir Thomas More, executed

1536
BIRTHS: Thomas Sackville, 1st earl of Dorset

1540
Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, develops blank verse 1537-46 in his translation of the Aeneid, Books 2-6
BIRTHS: Barnabe Googe; Isabella Whitney (ca.)

1542
DEATHS: Sir Thomas Wyatt on Oct. 11

1543
BIRTHS: William Byrd (?); Sir Edward Dyer

1545
BIRTHS: Alexander Montgomerie (Scotland) (?); George Turberville (?)

1546
• John Heywood's verse proverbs
BIRTHS: Giles Fletcher the elder
DEATHS: Anne Askew

1547
EDWARD VI (-1553)
DEATHS: Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, executed by Henry VIII; Henry VIII

1548
• John Bale's Illustrium Majoris Britanniae Scriptorum Summarium, biographical entries on major British writers
DEATHS: John Ballantyne (?)

1549
R. Wever devises Lusty Juventus about 1549-1553
• Sir Thomas Wyatt's Certayne Psalmes, an English translation of part of the Biblical psalms.

1550
BIRTHS: Gabriel Harvey (?)

1552
• Thomas Churchyard's A Mirror for Man
BIRTHS: Walter Ralegh (?); Edmund Spenser (?)
DEATHS: Alexander Barclay

1553
JANE (-1553); MARY I (-1558)
Gavin Douglas' translation of Virgil's Aeneid, published posthumously
William Stevenson about this year wrote Gammer Gurton's Needle
• Thomas Wilson's Art of Rhetoric

1554
BIRTHS: Fulke Greville, 1st baron Brooke; John Lyly (?); Sir Philip Sidney on Nov. 30

1555
• John Heywood's Epigrams
BIRTHS: Nicholas Breton (?); Richard Carew of Anthony
DEATHS: Sir David Lindsay

1556
• John Heywood's The Spider and the Fly
BIRTHS: George Peele
DEATHS: Henry Parker Morley, lord; Thomas Vaux, 2nd baron Vaux of Harrowden

1557
• The translation by Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, of books II and IV of Virgil's Æneid is published.
• Thomas Tusser's Hundreth Good Pointes of Husbandrie
Tottel's Miscellany
William Gray of Reading is active about this time.
BIRTHS: Sir Arthur Gorges; Thomas Watson (?)

1558
ELIZABETH I (-1603)
BIRTHS: Chidiock Tichborne; Thomas Lodge; Thomas Morley (?); William Warner (?)

1559
The Mirror of Magistrates, with 20 tragic tales; enlarged repeatedly until 1609
BIRTHS: George Chapman

1560
BIRTHS: Robert Greene (?); Anthony Munday

1561
• Julius Caesar Scaliger's poetics published in France
BIRTHS: Sir John Harington (?); Mary Herbert, countess of Pembroke; Robert Southwell (?)

1562
BIRTHS: Henry Constable; Samuel Daniel; Nicholas Grimald

1563
• Barnabe Googe's Eclogues, Epitaphs, and Sonnets
• second edition of The Mirror of Magistrates
BIRTHS: John Dowland; Michael Drayton; Sir Robert Sidney (Philip's younger brother); Joshua Sylvester (?)

1564
BIRTHS: Christopher Marlowe on Feb. 6; William Shakespeare on April 23

1565
• Arthur Golding's translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses, books I-IV, published, completed in 1575
BIRTHS: John Davies (?).

1566
BIRTHS: John Hoskyns; James I of England (James VI of Scotland).

1567
BIRTHS: Thomas Campion; Thomas Nashe

1568
• John Skelton's poems published
BIRTHS: Sir Henry Wotton

1569
• Barnabe Barnes' sonnet sequence Parthenophil and Parthenophe
BIRTHS: Sir John Davies; Emilia Lanyer, née Bassano

1570
BIRTHS: Sir Robert Aytoun (Scotland); Thomas Bateson (?); Thomas Dekker (?); Thomas Middleton (?); Samuel Rowlands (?)

1571
¶ Births: Martin Peerson (?)

1572
Rauf Coilyear (late 15th cent. Scot.), published
BIRTHS: John Donne

1573
• George Gascoigne's A Hundreth Sundrie Flowres
BIRTHS: Ben Jonson (?)

1574
BIRTHS: Richard Barnfield; Joseph Hall; John Wilbye

1575
• George Gascoigne's Certayne notes of instruction concerning the Making of verse or ryme in English names "Poulter's Measure," iambic couplets of 12- and 14-syllable lines; also his Poesies
BIRTHS: John Marston (?)

1576
• Richard Edwards' compilation of Paradyse of Dainty Devises
• George Gascoigne's The Steele glas
BIRTHS: Thomas Weelkes (?)

1577
DEATHS: George Gascoigne on Nov. 15

1578
• Thomas Proctor's A Gorgeous Gallery of Gallant Inventions
BIRTHS: George Sandys; John Taylor the "water poet" (?)
DEATHS: John Heywood

1579
• Stephen Gosson's prose The School of Abuse attacks poets and players
• Edmund Spenser's Shepheardes Calender
BIRTHS: John Fletcher

1580
• Thomas Churchyard's translation of Ovid's Tristia, I-III
BIRTHS: Thomas Ford (?); John Webster (?)
DEATHS: John Heywood (?); Isabella Whitney (after)

1581
• Sir Philip Sidney completes the Old Arcadia and writes his Defence of Poetry or An Apologie for Poetrie 1579-81 (published in 1595), in response to Stephen Gosson's School of Abuse

1582
• Stanyhurst's translation of Virgil's Aeneid, I-IV
• Philip Sidney writes Astrophel and Stella about this time: 108 sonnets and 11 songs about his unrequited love for Penelope Rich
• Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway
BIRTHS: Richard Corbet (Corbett); Phineas Fletcher; Edward, lord Herbert of Cherbury

1583
• Sir Philip Sidney completes the New Arcadia within two years
BIRTHS: Sir John Beaumont; Orlando Gibbons; Aurelian Townshend (?)

1584
BIRTHS: Francis Beaumont
DEATHS: Thomas Norton

1585
• James VI of Scotland writes Essays of a Prentice in the Art of Poesie
BIRTHS: William Drummond of Hawthornden; Giles Fletcher the younger

1586
• William Warner's Albions England
• William Webbe's Discourse of English Poetry
DEATHS: Sir Philip Sidney on Oct. 17, from a war wound; Chidiock Tichborne, executed

1587
BIRTHS: Lady Mary Sidney Wroth (?).
DEATHS: John Bellenden (Scotland)

1588
• William Byrd's Psalmes, Sonets, & Songs of sadnes and pietie
BIRTHS: George Wither

1589
• William Byrd's Songs of Sundrie Natures
• George Puttenham's The Arte of English Poesie
DEATHS: Humfrey Gifford

1590
• Thomas Lodge's Rosalynde: Euphues golden legacie
• George Peele's Polyhymnia
• Thomas Watson's Italian Madrigals Englished
• revised version of Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia published posthumously
Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene, Books I-III
BIRTHS: William Browne; Walter Porter (?)

1591
• Sir John Harrington's translation of Ariosto's Orlando Furioso
• Sir Philip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella
• Edmund Spenser's Daphnaida and Complaints
BIRTHS: Robert Herrick

1592
• Samuel Daniel's "Delia. Contayning certayne sonnets: with the complaint of Rosamond
• Joshua Sylvester's translation of The Divine Weeks and Works of Du Bartas, completed in 1608
BIRTHS: Henry King; Francis Quarles
DEATHS: Thomas Watson

1593
• Henry Constable's sonnet sequence Diana
Michael Drayton's Idea
• Thomas Morley's Canzonets
The Phoenix Nest, compiled by R. S.
• Shakespeare's Venus and Adonis
• Sir Philip Sidney's Arcadia republished with the three books of the old version
BIRTHS: George Herbert
DEATHS: Christopher Marlowe on May 30, murdered

1594
• George Chapman's The Shadow of Night
• Michael Drayton's Ideas Mirrour
• R. Carew's translation of Tasso's Gerusalemme Liberata
• Thomas Morley's Canzonets and Madrigalls
• Shakespeare's The Rape of Lucrece
DEATHS: Barnabe Googe

1595
• George Chapman's Ovid's Banquet of Sense
• Samuel Daniel's Civil Wars between the Two Houses of Lancaster and York, completed in 8 books in 1609.
• Michael Drayton's Endimion and Phoebe
• Thomas Morley's Balletts and Canzonets
Sir Philip Sidney's Defence of Poesie and sonnet sequence Astrophel and Stella posthumously published
Edmund Spenser's sonnet sequence "Amoretti, and his wedding poem "Epithalamion, both about Elizabeth Boyle
BIRTHS: Thomas Carew
DEATHS: Robert Southwell, executed (and canonized in 1970)

1596
• Sir John Davies' Orchestra or a Poeme of Dauncing
Edmund Spenser's The Faerie Queene, Books IV-VI, Fowre Hymnes, and Prothalamion
BIRTHS: James Shirley
DEATHS: George Peele; George Whythorne

1597
• Francis Bacon's Essays, first edition
John Dowland's The First Booke of Songes
• Joseph Hall's Virgidemiarum
• Francis Mere's Palladis Tamia, including a critical survey of English writers, such as Shakespeare
DEATHS: George Turberville (?)

1598
• Richard Barnfield's The encomium of lady Pecunia; or the praise of money
George Chapman's translation of Homer's Iliad, I-II, VII-XI
• Christopher Marlowe's Hero and Leander, posthumously published
DEATHS: Alexander Montgomerie

1599
• Samuel Daniel's Musophilus
• Sir John Davies, in Hymnes of Astraea, writes 26 acrostic poems dedicated to Queen Elizabeth.
• Shakespeare's The Passionate Pilgrim
DEATHS: Edmund Spenser on Jan. 16

1600
Englands Helicon, an anthology of poems
Thomas Morley's Madrigals
Thomas Nashe's Summers Last Will and Testament (play)
John Dowland's Second Booke of Songs
• Christopher Marlowe's translation of Lucan's Pharsalia posthumously published
• Thomas Weelkes' Canto
BIRTHS: Charles I; John Ogilby (Scots.)

1601
• Robert Chester's Loues martyr: or, Rosalins complaint
John Donne secretly weds Ann More, niece of his employer, Sir Thomas Egerton
Thomas Morley's First Booke of Ayres
• Shakespeare's The Phoenix and the Turtle published in Chester's Loves Martyr
DEATHS: Thomas Nashe

1602
Thomas Campion's Observations in the Art of English Poesie
A Poetical Rhapsody, compiled by Francis and Walter Davison
• Robert Southwell's St. Peter's Complaint, with Other Poems
BIRTHS: Edward Benlowes; Owen Felltham (?); William Strode
DEATHS: Thomas Morley

17th Century 1603-1667

1603
JAMES I (-1625)
• Samuel Daniel's Defence of Rhyme, a reply to Thomas Campion's Observations
John Dowland's Third and Last Booke of Songs
• James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England
BIRTHS: Shackerly Marmion
DEATHS: Elizabeth I

1604
• Thomas Bateson's Cantus. The first set of English Madrigales
DEATHS: Thomas Churchyard

1605
Bartas: his Devine weekes and works, translated by Joshua Sylvester
BIRTHS: William Habington; Thomas Randolph

1606
• Michael Drayton's Poems Lyric and Pastoral, including "The Ballad of Agincourt"
BIRTHS: Sir William D'Avenant, on March 3; Edmund Waller
DEATHS: John Lyly

1607
JAMESTOWN FOUNDED IN VIRGINIA
• Thomas Ford's Musicke of sundrie kindes
DEATHS: Sir Edward Dyer

1608
BIRTHS: John Milton on Dec. 9
DEATHS: Thomas Sackville, 1st earl of Dorset

1609
Shakespeares sonnets (including "A Lover's Complaint") published by Thomas Thorpe
• John Wilbye's The Second Set of Madrigales
BIRTHS: Sir John Suckling
DEATHS: William Warner

1610
GALILEO SHOWS EARTH'S ROTATION AROUND THE SUN
• Giles Fletcher's Christs Victory and Triumph
Ben Jonson receives a royal pension, making him unofficially the first British Poet Laureate
BIRTHS: Lucius Cary Falkland

1611
Aemilia Lanyer's Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum
• John Donne's An Anatomy of the World: The First Anniversary
• King James' version of the Bible
DEATHS: Giles Fletcher the elder

1612
• second edition of Francis Bacon's Essays
• John Donne's The Second Anniversary: The Progress of the Soul
• John Dowland's A Pilgrimes Solace
• Michael Drayton's The Poly-Olbion, Part I (1612-13)
• Orlando Gibbon's First Set of Madrigals and Mottets
BIRTHS: Ann Bradstreet; James Graham, 5th earl and first marquis of Montrose (Scotland)
DEATHS: Sir John Harington

1613
• William Browne's Britannia's Pastorals, completed in 1616
• Richard Carew of Anthony's "The Excellency of the English Tongue"
• Joshua Sylvester's Lachrymae Lachrymarum
• George Wither's Abuses Stript and Whipt
BIRTHS: Samuel Butler; John Cleveland; Richard Crashaw (?)
DEATHS: Henry Constable

1615
BIRTHS: Sir John Denham

1616
• George Chapman's translation of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey
• William Drummond's Poems
• Ben Jonson's Works, including "On My First Son"
BIRTHS: Joseph Beaumont
DEATHS: Francis Beaumont; William Shakespeare

1618
BIRTHS: Abraham Cowley; Richard Lovelace
DEATHS: John Davies; Sir Walter Ralegh, executed; Joshua Sylvester

1619
• Michael Drayton's last edition of Idea, including "Since there's no help, come let us kiss and part"
DEATHS: Samuel Daniel

1620
MAYFLOWER LANDS ON DEC. 22
• Martin Peerson's Private Musick
• Francis Quarles' A Feast for Worms
BIRTHS: Alexander Brome
DEATHS: Thomas Campion; Richard Carew of Anthony

1621
• George Sandys' verse translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses (1621-26)
BIRTHS: Andrew Marvell
DEATHS: Mary Herbert, countess of Pembroke, of smallpox

1622
• Michael Drayton's Poly-Olbion, II
• George Wither's Fidelia and Fair-virtue
BIRTHS: Henry Vaughan; Thomas Vaughan

1623
• William Drummond's Flowers of Sion
• Shakespeare's fellow actors John Heminge and Henry Condell publish the first folio of his works
BIRTHS: Margaret Newcastle, duchess of Newcastle
DEATHS: William Byrd; Giles Fletcher the younger; Thomas Weelkes

1625
CHARLES I (-1649)
• third edition of Francis Bacon's Essays
DEATHS: John Fletcher; Orlando Gibbons; Sir Arthur Gorges; James I of England; Thomas Lodge

1626
DEATHS: Francis Bacon; Nicholas Breton; Sir John Davies; John Dowland

1627
• Michael Drayton's "The battaile of Agincourt
DEATHS: Richard Barnfield; Sir John Beaumont

1628
• George Wither's Britain's Remembrancer, about the 1625 London plague
BIRTHS: John Bunyan
DEATHS: Fulke Greville, baron Brooke

1629
• John Milton composes On the Morning of Christ's Nativity at Christmas

1630
• Michael Drayton's The muses Elizium
BIRTHS: Charles Cotton
DEATHS: Thomas Bateson; Samuel Rowlands (?)

1631
BIRTHS: John Dryden; Katherine Philips; John Phillips
DEATHS: John Donne; Michael Drayton; Gabriel Harvey

1632
• Walter Porter's Madrigales and ayres
• Francis Quarles' Divine Fancies
DEATHS: Thomas Dekker; John Webster (?)

1633
Certaine Learned and Elegant Works by Fulke Greville, lord Brooke, including Caelica
• John Donne's Poems posthumously published
• Phineas Fletcher's The Purple Island; or, The Isle of Man
• George Herbert's The Temple
BIRTHS: Wentworth Dillon (?)
DEATHS: George Herbert; Anthony Munday

1634
• John Milton's "Comus performed
DEATHS: George Chapman; John Marston

1635
• Francis Quarles' Emblemes
• George Wither's Emblems, Ancient and Moderne
BIRTHS: Sir George Etherege (?); Thomas Sprat
DEATHS: Richard Corbet (Corbett); Thomas Randolph

1637
• John Milton's Lycidas in memory of Edward King
BIRTHS: Thomas Flatman; Thomas Traherne
DEATHS: Ben Jonson

1638
Sir William D'Avenant made unofficial British Poet Laureate
• Francis Quarles' Hieroglyphikes of the Life of Man
• Thomas Randolph's Poems with the Muses looking-glasse
• Sir John Suckling's Aglaura
BIRTHS: Charles Sackville, earl of Dorset; Sir Charles Sedley (?)
DEATHS: Sir Robert Aytoun (?); John Hoskyns; Shakerly Marmion; John Wilbye

1639
BIRTHS: Sir Charles Sedley (?)
DEATHS: Sir Henry Wotton

1640
• Thomas Carew's Poems
• Ben Jonson's Timber, criticism on poets and poetry; and his translation of Horace's Ars Poetica
BIRTHS: Aphra Behn (?)
DEATHS: Thomas Carew; John Ford (?)

1642
• first version of Sir John Denham's Cooper's Hill
BIRTHS: Thomas Shadwell (?)
DEATHS: Sir John Suckling; Edward Taylor (US) (?)

1643
DEATHS: Lucius Cary Falkland; Aurelian Townshend (?)

1644
DEATHS: Francis Quarles; George Sandys

1645
• John Milton's Poems, including "L'Allegro" and "Il Penseroso"
• Edmund Waller's Poems
DEATHS: William Browne; Emilia Lanyer; William Strode

1646
• Richard Crashaw's Delights of the Muses and Steps to the Temple
• Sir John Sucking's Fragmenta Aurea
• Henry Vaughan's Poems

1647
• John Cleveland's The Character of a London Diurnal
• Richard Corbet's Certain Elegant Poems
• Abraham Cowley's The Mistresse
BIRTHS: John Wilmot, earl of Rochester

1648
• Robert Herrick's Hesperides
DEATHS: Edward, lord Herbert of Cherbury

1649
NO KING; GOVERNMENT BY COUNCIL (-1653)
• Richard Lovelace's Lucasta
BIRTHS: Elkanah Settle
DEATHS: Charles I; Richard Crashaw; William Drummond of Hawthornden

1650
• Henry Vaughan's Silex Scintillans
• Anne Bradstreet's The Tenth Muse
DEATHS: Phineas Fletcher; James Graham, marquis of Montrose, executed; Martin Peerson

1651
• Sir William D'Avenant's "Preface to Gondibert"
DEATHS: Lady Mary Sidney Wroth (?)

1652
• Edward Benlowe's Theophilia, or Love's Sacrifice
• Richard Crashaw's Carmen Deo Nostro
BIRTHS: Nahum Tate

1653
OLIVER CROMWELL, LORD PROTECTOR (-1658)
• John Cleveland's Poems
• Margaret Newcastle's Poems and Fancies
BIRTHS: Thomas D'Urfey; John Oldham;
DEATHS: John Taylor the "water poet"

1654
BIRTHS: Sir Richard Blackmore
DEATHS: William Habington

1655
• John Cotgrave's The English Treasury of Literature and Language and Wits Interpreter: The English Parnassus

1656
• Abraham Cowley's Poems
• Richard Crashaw's Carmen Del Nostro
BIRTHS: Lady Mary Chudleigh
DEATHS: Joseph Hall

1657
• Henry King's Poems, Elegies, Paradoxes and Sonnets
BIRTHS: John Dennis
DEATHS: Richard Lovelace

1658
RICHARD CROMWELL, LORD PROTECTOR (-1659)
BIRTHS: Charles Mordaunt, earl of Peterborough
DEATHS: John Cleveland

1659
• Richard Lovelace's Last Remains
BIRTHS: Henry Purcell
DEATHS: Walter Porter

1660
CHARLES II (-1685)
• John Dryden's Astraea Redux, celebrating the restoration of the monarchy
BIRTHS: Daniel Defoe; Anne Killigrew (?)

1661
BIRTHS: Anne Finch, countess of Winchilsea

1662
• Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Book I
BIRTHS: William King; John Smith

1663
• Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Book II
• Abraham Cowley's Verses upon Several Occasions

1664
NEWTON FORMULATES THE LAW OF GRAVITY
BIRTHS: Matthew Prior
DEATHS: Katherine Philips, of smallpox

1665
• Edward Herbert, lord Herbert of Cherbury's Occasional Verses

1666
DEATHS: James Shirley299; Thomas Vaughan

Augustans 1667-1780

1667
• Katherine Philips' Poems
• John Dryden's Annus Mirabilis
• John Milton's Paradise Lost, published in ten books
BIRTHS: Alicia D'Anvers, née Clarke; John Pomfret; John Reynolds; John Richardson (?); Jonathan Swift; Edward Ward
DEATHS: Abraham Cowley>; George Wither

1668
• John Dryden's essay Of Dramatick Poesie
• John Dryden made British Poet Laureate
Thomas Sprat's "An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. Abraham Cowley"
DEATHS: Sir William D'Avenant; Owen Felltham

1669
DEATHS: Sir John Denham; Henry King

1670
BIRTHS: William Congreve; Sarah Fyge; Bernard Mandeville

1671
• John Milton's "Paradise Regained and "Samson Agonistes
BIRTHS: Colley Cibber; Sarah Dixon (?)

1672
• Sir George Etherege's Poems
BIRTHS: Joseph Addison
DEATHS: Anne Bradstreet

1673
• John Milton's Poems on Several Occasions, revised edn.
BIRTHS: John Oldmixon (?); Ambrose Philips
DEATHS: Margaret Newcastle, duchess of Newcastle

1674
• John Milton's "Paradise Lost (2nd edn.), published in 12 books
• Thomas Rymer's translation of René Rapin's Reflections on Aristotle's Treatise of Poesie
BIRTHS: Ambrose Philips; Nicholas Rowe; Isaac Watts
DEATHS: Edward Benlowes; Robert Herrick; John Milton; Thomas Traherne

1675
• John Wilmot, earl of Rochester's A Satire against Mankind
BIRTHS: William Somervile

1676
BIRTHS: John Philips
DEATHS: John Ogilby

1678
• Samuel Butler's "Hudibras, Book III
• Anne Bradstreet's Poems
• Henry Vaughan's Thalia Rediviva
BIRTHS: John Winstanley (?)
DEATHS: Andrew Marvell, of medical treatment; Mary Monck (?)

1679
• John Oldham's Satire against Virtue
BIRTHS: Thomas Parnell (Ireland)

1680
• Samuel Butler's Hudibras, Part III
• Wentworth Dillon, 4th earl of Roscommon, publishes a translation of Horace's Ars Poetica
• John Wilmot, earl of Rochester's Poems on several Occasions
DEATHS: Samuel Butler; John Wilmot, earl of Rochester

1681
• John Dryden's Absalom and Achitophel
• Andrew Marvell's Miscellaneous Poems, posthumously published, including "To his Coy Mistress"

1682
• John Dryden's Religio Laici, Macflecknoe, and "Absalom and Achitophel, II; all but 200 lines are by Nahum Tate
BIRTHS: Richardson Pack

1683
BIRTHS: Edward Young
DEATHS: John Oldham, of smallpox

1684
• Wentworth Dillon's Essay on Translated Verse
• John Oldham's Poems and Translations

1685
JAMES II (-1688)
• Aphra Behn's Miscellany, being a collection of poems by several hands
• Edmund Waller's Divine Poems
• John Dryden's Sylvae
BIRTHS: George Berkeley; William Diaper; John Gay; William Harrison; Aaron Hill; Thomas Tickell
DEATHS: John Bunyan ; Wentworth Dillon; Anne Killigrew, from smallpox

1686
• Anne Killigrew's Poems, to which John Dryden contributed an ode in memory of Anne Killigrew
BIRTHS: Allan Ramsay (Scotland)

1687
• John Dryden's Song for St. Cecilia's Day and "The Hind and the Panther
• Matthew Prior's and Charles Montagu's Story of the Country-Mouse and the City-Mouse, a burlesque of Dryden's Hind
BIRTHS: Henry Carey (?)
DEATHS: Charles Cotton

1688
• John Dryden's Britannia Rediviva
• Thomas Shadwell made British Poet Laureate
BIRTHS: Laurence Eusden; Alexander Pope; Thomas Warton (?); Leonard Welsted
DEATHS: John Bunyan; Thomas Flatman

1689
WILLIAM III (-1702) AND MARY II (-1694)
• Charles Cotton's Poems on Several Occasions
• Andrew Marvell's Poems on Affairs of State published posthumously
BIRTHS: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, née Pierrepont
DEATHS: Aphra Behn

1690
• Sir William Temple's essay "Of Poetry"
BIRTHS: Andrew Brice; Mary Barber (?); Mary Collier (?); Samuel Croxall (?)

1691
• Alicia D'Anvers' Academia, or The Humours of the University of Oxford
• Henry Purcell's Dido and Aeneas
DEATHS: Sir George Etherege; Samuel Wesley

1692
• Henry Purcell's The Fairy Queen
• Nahum Tate made British Poet Laureate
BIRTHS: John Byrom; Elizabeth Tollet
DEATHS: Thomas Shadwell

1693
BIRTHS: Hildebrand Jacob

1694
BIRTHS: James Bramston (?); Philip Dormer Stanhope, earl of Chesterfield

1695
• Henry Purcell's The Indian Queen
DEATHS: Henry Purcell; Henry Vaughan

1696
BIRTHS: Matthew Green; William Oldys

1697
• Aphra Behn's Poetical Remains
• John Dryden's Alexander's Feast, or, the Power of Musique
BIRTHS: Edward Chicken; Thomas Edwards; Richard Savage (?); Hetty Wright

1698
• Aphra Behn's Poetical Remains
BIRTHS: Henry Baker
DEATHS: Edward Littleton (?)

1699
• Thomas Traherne's A Serious and Pathetical Contemplation of the Mercies of God
BIRTHS: Robert Blair; John Ellis; Leonard Howard (?); Christopher Pitt; Alexander Ross (Scotland)
DEATHS: Joseph Beaumont

1700
• John Dryden's Fables Ancient and Modern and The Secular Masque
BIRTHS: John Dyer (Wales); James Thomson (Scotland)
DEATHS: John Dryden

1701
• Daniel Defoe's A True-born Englishman
• John Dennis' The Advancement and Reformation of Modern Poetry
• John Philips' The Splendid Shilling
DEATHS: Sir Charles Sedley

1702
ANNE (-1714)
• Sir Charles Sedley's Miscellaneous Works, published posthumously
BIRTHS: Philip Doddridge; Robert Nugent, earl Nugent; Kenrick Prescot
DEATHS: John Pomfret

1703
• Lady Mary Chudleigh's Poems upon Several Occasions
• Sarah Fyge's Poems on Several Occasions
BIRTHS: Henry Brooke (?); Robert Dodsley; John Wesley

1704
• John Dennis' The Grounds of Criticism in Poetry
BIRTHS: Moses Browne; William Hamilton (Scotland); Soame Jenyns

1705
• Joseph Addison's The Campaign, on the victory at Blenheim
• John Philips' Blenheim
BIRTHS: Isaac Hawkins Browne; Stephen Duck; David Mallet (?)

1706
• Isaac Watts' Horae Lyricae
DEATHS: Charles Sackville, 6th earl of Dorset

1707
• Matthew Prior's Poems on Several Occasions
• Isaac Watts' Hymns and Spiritual Songs
BIRTHS: Charles Wesley

1708
• John Philips' Cider
BIRTHS: John Collier; Sir Charles Hanbury Williams

1709
• First copyright law in England.
• Alexander Pope's Pastorals
• Matthew Prior's Poems on Several Occasions
• Jonathan Swift's "Description of a City Shower" and "Description of the Morning"
BIRTHS: John Armstrong; John Bancks; Martha Brewster, née Wadsworth; John Dalton; Sneyd Davies; William Dunkin (?); Samuel Johnson
DEATHS: John Philips

1710
BIRTHS: George Alexander Stevens; Paul Whitehead
DEATHS: Jean Adams (Scotland); Lady Mary Chudleigh

1711
• Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism
BIRTHS: John Gambold; Jupiter Hammon (US); Henry Taylor

1712
• Sir Richard Blackmore's Creation: a philosophical poem
• Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock published in Lintot's Miscellanies, and enlarged in 1714
BIRTHS: Emanuel Collins (?); Richard Glover; Josiah Relph
DEATHS: William King

1713
• Joseph Addison's Cato
• Anne Finch, countess of Winchelsea's Miscellany Poems
• Alexander Pope's Windsor Forest
BIRTHS: Alison Cockburn (Scotland), née Rutherford (?); Thomas Gilbert (?); George Smith
DEATHS: William Harrison; Thomas Sprat

1714
GEORGE I (-1727)
• John Gay's The Shepherd's Week and The Fan
• the Scriblerus Club met January-July, a group including John Gay, Thomas Parnell, Alexander Pope, and Jonathan Swift
BIRTHS: William Shenstone
DEATHS: Paul Whitehead

1715
• Alexander Pope's translation of Homer's Iliad, Book I, followed by Books II in 1716, III in 1717, IV in 1718, and V-VI in 1720.
• Nicholas Rowe mad British Poet Laureate
• Isaac Watts' Divine Songs for the Use of Children, including "How doth the little busy Bee"
BIRTHS: John Brown; Richard Jago; Richard Graves; William Whitehead
DEATHS: Mary Monck; Nahum Tate

1716
• John Gay's Trivia or the Art of Walking the Streets of London and Court Poems
• Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's "Court Eclogues
BIRTHS: Thomas Gray

1717
• Alexander Pope's Collected Works, including "Eloisa to Abelard
BIRTHS: Horace Walpole, earl of Oxford
DEATHS: William Diaper; David Garrick; John Smith

1718
• Laurence Euston made British Poet Laureate
DEATHS: Thomas Parnell; Nicholas Rowe

1719
• Thomas D'Urfey's Wit and Mirth, or Pills to Purge Melancholy
• Isaac Watts' Psalms of David
BIRTHS: James Cawthorn; James Eyre Weeks (?)
DEATHS: Joseph Addison

1720
• John Gay's Poems on Several Occasions
BIRTHS: Francis Fawkes; Gilbert White
DEATHS: Anne Finch, countess of Winchilsea

1721
• Thomas Parnell's Night-Piece on Death
• Jonathan Swift's Letter of Advice to a Young Poet
BIRTHS: Mark Akenside; William Collins; James Grainger; "Matthew Prior; Tobias Smollett; William Wilkie (Scotland)

1722
• Thomas Parnell's Poems on Several Occasions
BIRTHS: James Dance; Mary Leapor; Christopher Smart; Joseph Warton

1723
DEATHS: Thomas D'Urfey; Sarah Fyge

1724
BIRTHS: Christopher Anstey; Frances Brooke; Evan Lloyd; William Mason
DEATHS: Elkanah Settle

1725
Orpheus Caledonius: or a Collection of the Best Scotch Songs, compiled by William Thomson
• Alexander Pope's translation of Homer's Odyssey, Books I-III (with William Broome and Elijah Fenton), books IV-V to follow in 1726
• Edward Young's Love of Fame, the Universal Passion (1725-28)
BIRTHS: John Newton
DEATHS: Alicia D'Anvers

1726
• Henry Carey's "Namby Pamby, including fragments of many still-popular nursery rhymes, such as "London Bridge is broken down"
• Thomson's "Winter

1727
GEORGE II (-1760)
• John Gay's Fables, I, to be followed by II in 1738, but completed only in 1750.
• Alexander Pope's Peri Bathous, or the Art of Sinking in Poetry, a parody of Longinus's treatise on the sublime
• Thomson's "Summer
BIRTHS: Thomas Cole (?)
DEATHS: John Reynolds

1728
• John Gay's Beggar's Opera
• Alexander Pope's "The Dunciad, Books I-III, followed by Book IV (the New Dunciad) in 1742, and completed in 1743
• James Thomson's Spring
BIRTHS: Lady Dorothea Du Bois (Ireland); Thomas Warton the younger
DEATHS: Richardson Pack

1729
• Alexander Pope's The Dunciad Variorum
BIRTHS: John Cunningham; George Keate; Thomas Percy
DEATHS: Sir Richard Blackmore; William Congreve; Edward Taylor

1730
• Colley Cibber made British Poet Laureate
• Stephen Duck's Poems
• Aaron Hill's The Progress of Wit
• James Thomson's The Seasons, including Autumn
BIRTHS: Oliver Goldsmith (?); John Scott
DEATHS: Laurence Eusden

1731
• Alexander Pope's Of Taste and four Moral Essays (1731-35)
BIRTHS: Samuel Bishop; Charles Churchill; William Cowper; Erasmus Darwin; John Freeth (?); Francis Grose (ca); William Woty
DEATHS: Daniel Defoe; Edward Ward

1732
• John Gay's libretto for Handel's Acis and Galatea
BIRTHS: John Carr; William Falconer; Thomas Morris
DEATHS: John Gay

1733
• Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man, completed 1734, and Imitations of Horace, Book I, followed by Book II in 1734
BIRTHS: Isaac Bickerstaffe; Robert Lloyd
DEATHS: Bernard Mandeville

1734
• Mary Barber's Poems on Several Occasions
BIRTHS: John Maclaurin, lord Dreghorn
DEATHS: Edward Littleton

1735
• Alexander Pope's Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot
• William Somervile's The Chace
• James Thomson's Liberty, parts I-III ("Italy," "Greece," and "Rome"), followed in 1736 by parts IV-V ("Britain" and "The Prospect")
BIRTHS: James Beattie; John Langhorne; William Julius Mickle; James Woodhouse
DEATHS: Charles Mordaunt, earl of Peterborough

1736
BIRTHS: Charles Jenner; James Macpherson (Scotland)

1737
• Alexander Pope's "Imitations of Horace
• William Shenstone's Poems upon Various Occasions, including "The Schoolmistress"
• Jonathan Swift's Poems on Several Occasions
• John Wesley's Psalms and Poems
BIRTHS: Joseph Mather
DEATHS: Matthew Green

1738
• Samuel Johnson's London
• Jonathan Swift's The Beasts' Confession
BIRTHS: Mary Darwall; John Wolcot

1739
• Jonathan Swift's Verses on the Death of Dr Swift
• John and Charles Wesley's Hymns and Sacred Poems
BIRTHS: Edward Thompson (?)
DEATHS: Hildebrand Jacob

1740
• John Dyer's The Ruins of Rome
• James Thomson's Alfred, including "Ode in Honour of Great Britain," that is, "Rule Britannia"
BIRTHS: Samuel Henley; Thomas Moss (?); Augustus Montagu Toplady
DEATHS: Thomas Tickell

1741
• About this time Thomas Seaton established the Seatonian Prize at Cambridge University for religious poetry
• William Whitehead's The Danger of Writing Verse
BIRTHS: William Combe

1742
• William Collins' Persian Eclogues
• Edward Young's "The Complaint, or Night Thoughts (1742-45)
BIRTHS: Mary Alcock (?); Anne Hunter (Scotland); Thomas Penrose; Anna Seward
DEATHS: John Oldmixon; William Somervile

1743
• Robert Blair's The Grave
• Alexander Pope's The New Dunciad
BIRTHS: Anna Laetitia Barbauld; Mrs. Hannah Cowley
DEATHS: James Bramston; Henry Carey (?); Andrew Michael Ramsay; Josiah Relph; Richard Savage

1744
• Mark Akenside's Pleasures of Imagination, revised 1757
Tommy Thumb's Pretty Song Book, with "Baa, baa, black sheep"
• Joseph Warton's The Enthusiast
• John and Charles Wesley's A Collection of Psalms and Hymns
DEATHS: Alexander Pope

1745
• Mark Akenside's "Odes on Several Subjects
• John Armstrong's The Art of Preserving Health
BIRTHS: William Crowe; Charles Dibdin; William Hayley; Thomas Holcroft; Hannah More; Charles Morris; Henry James Pye
DEATHS: Sarah Dixon; Jonathan Richardson; Jonathan Swift; Thomas Warton the elder

1746
• William Collins' Odes on Several Descriptive and Allegoric Subjects (dated 1747)
• John Warton's Odes on Various Subjects
BIRTHS: Michael Bruce
DEATHS: Robert Blair; Edward Chicken; Mary Leapor, from measles

1747
• Thomas Gray's Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College
• Thomas Warton Jr's The Pleasures of Melancholy
BIRTHS: John Aikin; Susanna Blamire; John O'Keeffe
DEATHS: Thomas Gilbert; Leonard Welsted

1748
• Robert Dodsley's A Collection of Poems, 1848-58
• Mary Leapor's Poems upon Several Occasions (1748-51), posthumously published
• James Thomson's The Castle of Indolence
BIRTHS: Henry Alline (Canada); Major Henry Livingston, Jr. (USA)
DEATHS: Christopher Pitt; James Thomson; Isaac Watts

1749
• Samuel Johnson's Vanity of Human Wishes
BIRTHS: James Graeme; Samuel Jackson Pratt; Charlotte Smith
DEATHS: Ambrose Philips

1750
• James Thomson's posthumous Poems on Several Occasions
BIRTHS: Lady Anne Barnard (Scotland); Sophia Burrell; Robert Fergusson (Scotland); Lady Anne Lindsay; John Taylor; John Trumbull (US)
DEATHS: Aaron Hill; John Winstanley; Hetty Wright

1751
• Thomas Gray's Elegy Written in a Country Church-Yard
BIRTHS: Henrietta Battier (?); Richard Brinsley Sheridan
DEATHS: John Bancks; Philip Doddridge

1752
• Christopher Smart's Poems on Several Occasions
BIRTHS: Thomas Chatterton; Philip Morin Freneau (US); Edmund Gardner (?); Joseph Ritson; Ann Yearsley, née Cromartie

1753
• John and Charles Wesley's Hymns and Spiritual Songs
BIRTHS: John Frederick Bryant; George Ellis; William Roscoe; Phillis Wheatley (US) about this time
DEATHS: George Berkeley

1754
• Thomas Gray's The Progress of Poesy
BIRTHS: John Codrington Bampfylde; Joel Barlow (US); George Crabbe; Thomas Maurice
DEATHS: Elizabeth Tollet

1755
BIRTHS: George Dyer; George Galloway (?); Robert Merry; Andrew Macdonald (?)

1756
• John Warton's Essay on the Writings and Genius of Pope
BIRTHS: Edward Rushton; Jane Cave (by this year)
DEATHS: Stephen Duck, by suicide

1757
• Edmund Burke's Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful
• John Dyer's The Fleece
Odes by Mr. Gray, including "The Progress of Poesy"
• William Whitehead made British Poet Laureate after Thomas Gray refuses it
BIRTHS: William Blake; William Sotheby
DEATHS: Mary Barber; Colley Cibber; Thomas Edwards

1758
• Mark Akenside's "Ode to the Country Gentlemen of England
• Christopher Smart writes "Jubilate Agno (about 1758-63), only published in 1939
BIRTHS: Sir George Dallas; Joseph Fawcett (?); William Parsons (?); Mary Robinson
DEATHS: John Dyer; Allan Ramsay

1759
ENGLISH UNDER WOLFE WIN QUEBEC
• Edward Young's Conjectures on Original Composition (criticism)
BIRTHS: Robert Burns
DEATHS: Martha Brewster (after this year); William Collins; Sir Charles Hanbury Williams

1760
GEORGE II (-1820)
• James Macpherson's Fragments of Ancient Poetry, Collected in the Highlands
The Famous Tommy Thumb's Little Story-book, with "Little Boy Blue"
BIRTHS: Richard Polwhele
DEATHS: Isaac Hawkins Browne

1761
• Charles Churchill's The Rosciad and The Apology
BIRTHS: Anabella Plumptre; John Williams
DEATHS: James Cawthorn; William Oldys

1762
• Charles Churchill's "The Ghost, Books I-III, followed by Book IV in 1763
• William Falconer's The Shipwreck, revised in 1764 and 1769
• James Macpherson's Fingal, an Ancient Epic Poem
BIRTHS: Joanna Baillie; James Bisset (?); William Lisle Bowles; Sir Samuel Egerton Brydges; George Colman the younger; James Hurdis; Thomas Russell
DEATHS: Mary Collier (?); Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, of breast cancer

1763
• Hugh Blair's A Critical Dissertation on the Poems of Ossian
• James Macpherson's Temora
• Christopher Smart's "Song to David
BIRTHS: John Hurdis; Samuel Rogers
DEATHS: John Byrom; John Dalton; William Shenstone

1764
BIRTHS: Elizabeth Cobbold; John Thelwall
DEATHS: Charles Churchill; Robert Dodsley; Robert Lloyd

1765
• Oliver Goldsmith's The Traveller
• Samuel Johnson's Preface to Shakespeare's Plays
• James Macpherson's Works of Ossian
Mother Goose's Melody, including "Hush-a-bye, baby, on the tree top" and "Ding, dong, bell"
• Thomas Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, in 3 volumes
• Christopher Smart's translation of The Psalms of David
BIRTHS: Manoah Bodman (US); William Taylor
DEATHS: Jean Adams; William Dunkin; David Mallet; Edward Young

1766
• Isaac D'Israeli's The Literary Character
BIRTHS: Laurence Hynes Halleran
DEATHS: Robert Andrews (?); John Brown; James Grainger; Catherine Jemmat

1767
• John and Charles Wesley's Hymns for the Use of Families
BIRTHS: John Quincy Adams (US)
DEATHS: Michael Bruce; Leonard Howard

1768
• Thomas Gray's Poems, including "The Fatal Sisters" and "The Descent of Odin"
• Lady Mary Montagu's Poetical Works
BIRTHS: William Shepherd
DEATHS: Thomas Mozeen

1769
DISCOVERY OF AUSTRALIA
BIRTHS: Ann Batten Cristall; John Hookham Frere; Amelia Opie
DEATHS: William Falconer, by drowning; Sneyd Davies

1770
• Oliver Goldsmith's "The Deserted Village
BIRTHS: George Canning; Joseph Cottle; James Hogg; James Plumptre; William Wordsworth
DEATHS: Mark Akenside; Thomas Chatterton, suicide by arsenic poisoning

1771
• James Beattie's "The Minstrel; or, The Progress of Genius, Book I, followed in 1774 by Book II The English Garden, in 4 volumes 1771-81
BIRTHS: Thomas John Dibdin; James Montgomery (Scotland); Sir Walter Scott; Sydney Smith; Dorothy Wordsworth
DEATHS: Samuel Bowden; John Gambold; Thomas Gray; Christopher Smart; Tobias Smollett

1772
• William Jones' Poems from Asiatic Languages
• John Trumbull's The Progress of Dulness
BIRTHS: Samuel Taylor Coleridge
DEATHS: James Graeme; William Wilkie

1773
• Anna Laetitia Barbauld's Poems
• Phillis Wheatley's Poems, the first book of poetry by an Afro-American slave, including "On Being Brought from Africa to America"
BIRTHS: Reginald Heber
DEATHS: Andrew Brice; John Cunningham; Philip Dormer Stanhope, earl of Chesterfield

1774
History of English Poetry by Thomas Warton, the younger, in 3 vols., 1774-1781
• Oliver Goldsmith's "Retaliation; a poem
BIRTHS: Robert Southey
DEATHS: Henry Baker; James Dance; Lady Dorothea Du Bois; Robert Fergusson; Oliver Goldsmith; Charles Jenner

1775
BIRTHS: Charles Lamb; Walter Savage Landor; Matthew Gregory Lewis; John Leyden; Joseph Blanco White

1776
AMERICAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE (JULY 4)
BIRTHS: Lady Morgan, née Sydney Owenson; Charles Newton (?)
DEATHS: Evan Lloyd; George Smith

1777
• Thomas Chatterton's Poems, supposed to have been Written at Bristol by Thomas Rowley, edited by Thomas Tyrwhitt
BIRTHS: Thomas Campbell (Scotland)
DEATHS: Francis Fawkes; Horace Walpole, earl of Oxford

1778
BIRTHS: Sir Humphrey Davy; William Hazlitt; John Kirke Paulding (US)
DEATHS: Augustus Montagu Toplady

1779
• Samuel Johnson's The Works of the English Poets (1779-81), 52 critical biographies
BIRTHS: Washington Allston (US); Francis Scott Key (US); Clement Moore (US); Thomas Moore
DEATHS: John Armstrong; David Garrick; John Langhorne; Thomas Penrose; Kenrick Prescot

Romantics 1780-1830

1780
• George Crabbe's The Candidate
BIRTHS: George Croly; Anna Maria Porter

1781
• George Crabbe's The Library
BIRTHS: Ebenezer Elliott
DEATHS: Richard Jago

1782
• William Cowper's Poems
BIRTHS: Ann Taylor

1783
PEACE OF VERSAILLES: ENGLAND RECOGNIZES USA
• William Blake's Poetical Sketches
• Jane Cave's Poems on Various Subjects
• George Crabbe's "The Village
Orlando Furioso, translated by John Hoole
BIRTHS: Reginald Heber; Washington Irving (US); Jane Taylor
DEATHS: Henry Brooke; John Scott

1784
BIRTHS: Leigh Hunt
DEATHS: Henry Alline; Bernard Barton; Samuel Johnson; Alexander Ross; George Alexander Stevens; Phillis Wheatley

1785
• William Cowper's The Task in 6 Books
• Thomas Warton made British Poet Laureate
BIRTHS: Lady Caroline Lamb; Thomas Love Peacock; John Pierpont (US); Samuel Woodworth (US)
DEATHS: Richard Glover; Henry Taylor; William Whitehead

1786
• Robert Burns' Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect
• Philp Morin Freneau's Poems
BIRTHS: Barron Field (Australia); Brian Waller Procter (Barry Cornwall; Brit.)
Floruit: Anne Hecht (Can.)
DEATHS: John Collier; Jupiter Hammon (?); Edward Thompson

1787
BIRTHS: Richard Henry Dana (US); Margaret Davidson (US); Mary Russell Mitford
DEATHS: Moses Browne; Soame Jenyns

1788
• Peter Pindar's Poetical Works
BIRTHS: R. H. Barham; George Gordon, Lord Byron; Sarah Josepha Hale (US)
DEATHS: William Mickle; Robert Nugent, lord Nugent; Thomas Russell; Charles Wesley

1789
GEORGE WASHINGTON BECOMES PRESIDENT OF USA
• William Blake's Songs of Innocence and "The Book of Thel
• Erasmus Darwin's The Loves of the Plants, republished in 1791 as The Botanic Garden, part II
BIRTHS: Charlotte Elliott; William Knox (Scotland); Thomas Pringle (South Africa); Richard Henry Wilde (US)
DEATHS: Frances Brooke; Frances Greville

1790
• William Blake's The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
• Henry James Pye made British Poet Laureate
• Literary Fund Society established by David Williams (by 1818 the Royal Literary Fund) to aid indigent authors
BIRTHS: Fitz-Greene Halleck (US)
DEATHS: Andrew Macdonald; Thomas Warton the younger

1791
• Anna Laetitia Barbauld's Eighteen Hundred and Eleven
• William Blake's "The French Revolution
• Robert Burns' "Tam o'Shanter
• Erasmus Darwin's The Botanic Garden, part I ("The Economy of Vegetation")
Mother Goose's Melodies (originally published about 1781)
BIRTHS: John Howard Payne (US); Lydia Howard Sigourney (US); Charles Wolfe (Ireland)
DEATHS: John Frederick Bryant; John Ellis; Francis Grose; John Wesley; William Woty

1792
• William Blake's Song of Liberty
• Samuel Rogers' The Pleasures of Memory
BIRTHS: John Frederick William Herschel; Percy Bysshe Shelley

1793
• William Blake's Visions of the Daughters of Albion and America, A Prophecy
• Robert Burns' Poems
• William Wordsworth's An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches
BIRTHS: John Clare; Felicia Dorothea Hemans; Henry Francis Lyte; John Neal (US); Standish O'Grady (Canada) about this year
DEATHS: Gilbert White

1794
• William Blake's Songs of Experience, Europe, A Prophecy, and "The Book of Urizen
BIRTHS: Maria Gowen Brooks (?); William Cullen Bryant (US); Carlos Wilcox (US)
DEATHS: Susanna Blamire; Alison Cockburn

1795
• William Blake's The Book of Los, The Book of Ahania, The Song of Los, and The Songs of Innocence and Experience
• Philip Morin Freneau's Poems
• Walter Savage Landor's Poems
Robin Hood: A Collection of all the Ancient Poems, edited by Joseph Ritson
BIRTHS: Thomas Carlyle; George Darley; Joseph Rodman Drake (US); John Keats; James Gates Percival; Janet Thomson (Scotland)
DEATHS: Samuel Bishop

1796
• Joel Barlow's The Hasty Pudding
• S. T. Coleridge's Poems on Various Subjects
BIRTHS: John Gardiner Calkins Brainard (US); Hartley Coleridge; Eliza Dunlop (Australia); John Hamilton Reynolds
DEATHS: Robert Burns, from rheumatic heart disease; Thomas Cole; John Maclaurin, lord Dreghorn; James Macpherson

1797
• William Blake illustrates Edward Young's Night Thoughts
• S. T. Coleridge composes "Kubla Khan" in an opium-induced dream and writes down only a fragment of it on waking.
• Robert Southey's Poems
BIRTHS: Thomas Haynes Bayley; George Moses Horton (US), about this time; William Motherwell (Scotland)
DEATHS: John Codrington Bampfylde; George Keate; William Mason

1798
• G. Canning and J. H. Frere parody Erasmus Darwin's The Loves of the Plants in their "The Loves of the Triangles"
• first edition of Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge (with Coleridge's Rime of the Ancient Mariner), revised in 1800 and 1802
BIRTHS: Macdonald Clarke (US); Samuel Henry Dickson (US); David Macbeth Moir (Scotland)
DEATHS: Mary Alcock; Edmund Gardner; Robert Merry

1799
• T. Campbell's "The Pleasures of Hope
BIRTHS: A. Bronson Alcott (US); Thomas Hood; Mary Howitt

Present-day English 1800-present

1800
• the life and works of Robert Burns published
BIRTHS: Caroline Clive; Thomas Babington Macaulay
DEATHS: William Cowper; Mary Robinson; Joseph Warton

1801
THOMAS JEFFERSON, PRESIDENT OF USA
• Thomas Moore's Poems by Thomas Little
• Robert Southey's Thalaba the Destroyer
BIRTHS: William Barnes; Thomas Cole (US); John Henry Newman
DEATHS: James Hurdis

1802
Ancient English Metrical Romances, edited by Joseph Ritson
• S. T. Coleridge's "Dejection: An Ode"
• Walter Savage Landor's Poetry by the Author of Gebir
• Amelia Opie's Poems
• Sir Walter Scott's Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border (1802-03), an anthology of ballads
BIRTHS: Lydia Maria Child (US); Sara Coleridge (daughter of S.T.C.); Letitia Elizabeth Landon ("L.E.L."); George Pope Morris (US); Edward Coote Pinkney (US); Winthrop Mackworth Praed; Isaac Williams
DEATHS: Erasmus Darwin

1803
BIRTHS: Thomas Lovell Beddoes; Ralph Waldo Emerson (US); Robert Stephen Hawker; James Clarence Mangan (Ireland); Susanna Moodie (Canada); Sarah Helen Whitman (US)
DEATHS: James Beattie; Joseph Ritson

1804
• William Blake's "Jerusalem, completed in 1820, and his "Milton, completed in 1808
• Ann and Jane Taylor's Original Poems for Infant Minds
• William Wordsworth's "Daffodils"
BIRTHS: Nathaniel Hawthorne (US); Joseph Howe (Canada); Francis Sylvester Mahony, aka Father Prout; Charles Whitehead
DEATHS: Joseph Fawcett; Richard Graves; Joseph Mather

1805
• H. F. Cary's translation of Dante's Inferno
The Comic Adventures of Old Mother Hubbard and her Dog
• Sir Roger Newdigate founds the Newdigate Prize for English Poetry at Oxford
• Sir Walter Scott's "The Lay of the Last Minstrel
• Robert Southey's Madoc
• William Wordsworth finishes a first version of "The Prelude: or, Growth of a Poet's Mind in 13 Books
BIRTHS: Sarah Fuller Flower, née Adams
DEATHS: Christopher Anstey; Sophia Burrell

1806
• Lord Byron's Fugitive Pieces
• William Roscoe's The Butterfly's Ball and the Grasshopper's Feast, a children's classic
• Walter Savage Landor's Simonidea
• Thomas Moore's Epistles, Odes, and Other Poems
• Sir Walter Scott's Ballads and Lyrical Pieces
• Jane and Ann Taylor's Rhymes for the Nursery, including "Twinkle, twinkle, little star"
BIRTHS: Elizabeth Barrett, later Browning; William Gilmore Simms (US); Nathaniel Parker Willis (US)
DEATHS: Thomas Morris (?); Charlotte Smith; Ann Yearsley

1807
• Joel Barlow's The Columbiad
• Lord Byron's Hours of Idleness and Poems on Various Occasions
• George Crabbe's Poems and "The Parish Register"
• Thomas Moore's Irish Melodies
• William Wordsworth's Poems in Two Volumes, including "Intimations of Immortality"
BIRTHS: Henry Louis Vivian Derozio (India); Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; John Greenleaf Whittier (US)
DEATHS: John Carr; John Newton

1808
• Sir Walter Scott's "Marmion, A Tale of Flodden Field
BIRTHS: Lucretia Maria Davidson; Evan MacColl (Canada)
DEATHS: Isaac Bickerstaffe (?); John Freeth; Thomas Moss

1809
• Lord Byron's "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers; Byron spent the next two years abroad, notably in Greece
• T. Campbell's Gertrude of Wyoming
• Samuel Taylor Coleridge's The Friend 1809-10
• Charles and Mary Lamb's Poetry for Children
BIRTHS: John Barr (New Zealand); David Bates (US); Thomas Holley Chivers (US); Edward Fitzgerald; Kasiprasad Ghose (India); Oliver Wendell Holmes (US); Fanny Kemble (US); Abraham Lincoln (US); Monckton Milnes; Edgar Allan Poe (US); Alfred Tennyson
DEATHS: Mrs. Hannah Cowley; Thomas Holcroft; Anna Seward

1810
• William Blake's engravings for Chaucer's Canterbury Tales
Gammer Gurton's Garland or the Nursery Parnassus, including "Little Bo-peep has lost her sheep"
• George Crabbe's The Borough in 24 epistles, including one on "Peter Grimes, a poem based on Aldeburgh
• Sir Walter Scott's "The Lady of the Lake
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's Original Poetry by Victor and Cazire and Zastrozzi
BIRTHS: Margaret Fuller (US); William Miller (Scotland); Edmund Hamilton Sears (US); Martin Farquhar Tupper

1811
• Sir Walter Scott's The Vision of Don Roderick
• Oxford University expells Percy Bysshe Shelley
BIRTHS: Arthur Hallam; William Makepeace Thackeray
DEATHS: John Leyden; Thomas Percy

1812
• Lord Byron's Childe Harold, Parts I-II, and The Curse of Minerva
• H. F. Cary's translation of Dante's Purgatorio and Paradiso
• Robert Southey's and Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Omniana (prose)
BIRTHS: Robert Browning; Charles Dickens; Edward Lear
DEATHS: Joel Barlow

1813
• Lord Byron's The Bride of Abydos and The Giaour
• Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Remorse
• Sir Walter Scott's "Rokeby and The Bride of Triermain
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Queen Mab
• Robert Southey made British Poet Laureate
BIRTHS: William Edmondstone Aytoun (Scotland); Charles Timothy Brooks (US); Christopher Pearse Cranch (US); Epes Sargent (US); Jones Very (US)
DEATHS: Henrietta Battier; Jane Cave; Henry James Pye

1814
• Lord Byron's The Corsair, "Lara, and Ode to Napoleon
• Augusta Gordon bore her half-brother Lord Byron's daughter
• Francis Scott Key on Sept. 14 writes "The Star-Spangled Banner" during the British attack on Baltimore, Maryland
• Robert Southey's Roderick, the Last of the Goths
• William Wordsworth's The Excursion
BIRTHS: Sarah Tittle Bolton, née Barrett; James Joseph Sylvester; Aubrey Thomas De Vere
DEATHS: Charles Dibdin; Samuel Jackson Pratt; Edward Rushton

1815
• Lord Byron's Hebrew Melodies, including "The Destruction of Sennacherib"
• marriage of Lord Byron to Annabella Milbanke
• Philip Morin Freneau's Poems
• Leigh Hunt was jailed (1815-17) for criticizing the Prince Regent in The Examiner
• Sir Walter Scott's The Lord of the Isles
• William Wordsworth's Poems
BIRTHS: Daniel Decatur Emmett (US)
DEATHS: George Ellis; Samuel Henley

1816
• Lord Byron's The Prisoner of Chillon and other Poems, "Childe Harold, Part III, and The Siege of Corinth; he leaves England permanently for Geneva
• Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Christabel and Other Poems, including "Kubla Khan"
• Leigh Hunt publishes an essay on Percy Bysshe Shelley and John Keats in The Examiner, and The Story of Rimini
• John Keats is certified as an apothecary and publishes "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer"
• Percy Bysshe Shelley marries Mary Woolstonecraft Godwin
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's Alastor and Other Poems
• Robert Southey's A Poet's Pilgrimage to Waterloo
BIRTHS: Philip James Bailey; Charlotte Brontë; Shirley Brooks; Frances Brown (Browne); Josiah D. Canning (US); Philip Pendleton Cooke (US); Charles Heavysege (Canada)
DEATHS: Richard Brinsley Sheridan

1817
• Lord Byron's "Manfred and The Lament of Tasso
• S. T. Coleridge's Biographia Literaria, Vol. I
• John Keats' Poems
• John Gibson Lockhart in the October Blackwood's Magazine vilifies the "Cockney School of Poetry," said to include Leigh Hunt, William Hazlitt, John Keats and others
• Thomas Moore's "Lalla Rookh
• Sir Walter Scott's Harold the Dauntless
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's Laon and Cythna
BIRTHS: Cornelius Mathews (US); Henry David Thoreau (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John McPherson (Canada)
DEATHS: Ann Batten Cristall (this year or after)

1818
• Lord Byron's "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Book IV, and Beppo
• John Wilson Croker's anonymous review attacks John Keats' Endymion in the Quarterly Review
• William Hazlitt's Lectures on the English Poets
• Leigh Hunt's Foliage
• John Keats' "Endymion published; he falls in love with Fanny Brawne (1800-65) and writes his great odes this year and the next
• Thomas Love Peacock's Rhododaphne
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's The Revolt of Islam, originally Laon and Cythna (1817); he leaves England.
BIRTHS: Cecil Frances Alexander, née Humphreys; Emily Brontë; William Ellery Channing (US); Eliza Cook; Alexander McLachlan (Canada); John Mason Neale
DEATHS: Matthew Gregory Lewis; John Williams

1819
• Lord Byron's Mazeppa and "Don Juan, I and II
• John Keats falls sick and his writing ceases after "To Autumn" in September
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's The Cenci and Rosalind and Helen; he writes "Ode to the West Wind" on October 1819 in a wood by the Arno River near Florence
• William Wordsworth's Peter Bell and The Waggoner
BIRTHS: A. H. Clough; Thomas Dunn English (US); Mary Ann Evans (pseud. "George Eliot"); Josiah Gilbert Holland (US); Julia Ward Howe (US); Charles Kingsley; James Russell Lowell (US); Herman Melville (US); William Wetmore Story (US); Walt Whitman (US)
DEATHS: John Wolcot

1820
GEORGE III (-1830)
• Elizabeth Barrett's The Battle of Marathon
• John Clare's Poems, Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery
• Introduction of the limerick in The History of Sixteen Wonderful Old Women
• John Keats' Lamia, The Eve of St. Agnes, Hyperion, and Other Poems
• Thomas Love Peacock's The Four Ages of Poetry, which sparked Shelley to write his Defence of Poetry
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's Prometheus Unbound and Other Poems, and his essay on a philosophical view of reform (published in 1920)
• William Wordsworth's The River Duddon and Vaudracour and Julia
• formation of the Apostles, a Cambridge intellectual society
BIRTHS: Anne Brontë; Henry Howard Brownell (US); Alice Patty Lee Cary (US); John Harris (Cornwall); John Henry Hopkins, Jr. (US); Jean Ingelow; William J. Macquorn Rankine (Scotland)
DEATHS: Joseph Rodman Drake; William Hayley; James Woodhouse

1821
• William Cullen Bryant's Poems
• John Clare's The Village Minstrel
• John Hamilton Reynolds' The Garden of Florence
• Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes Epipsychidion and Adonais (on John Keats) and writes his Defence of Poetry
• Robert Southey's A Vision of Judgement
BIRTHS: Charles Baudelaire (France); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Isabella Banks, née Varley; Frederick Locker Lampson; Maria White Lowell (US); Frederick Goddard Tuckerman (US)
DEATHS: Anne Hunter; John Keats (Feb., in Rome), of tuberculosis

1822
• Lord Byron's Werner and his review of Robert Southey's "The Vision of Judgement" in The Liberal
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Hellas
BIRTHS: Matthew Arnold; Thomas Buchanan Read (US); Charles Sangster (Canada); James Monroe Whitfield (US)
DEATHS: John Aikin; Percy Bysshe Shelley, in August, by drowning

1823
• Lord Byron's "Don Juan, VI-XIV, and Vision of Judgement
"An Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas" (attributed Major Henry Livingston, Jr.)
• John H. Payne's "Home Sweet Home" written, the theme song of Sir Henry Rowley Bishop's opera Clari
BIRTHS: George Henry Boker (US); William Johnson Cory; Margaret Miller Davidson (US); James Mathewes Legaré; Coventry Patmore; William Brighty Rands; Anna Letitia Waring;
DEATHS: William Combe; Charles Wolfe

1824
• Lord Byron's Don Juan, XV-XVI, and The Deformed Transformed,
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's "The Triumph of Life"
BIRTHS: William Allingham (Ireland); Sabine Baring-Gould; Phoebe Cary (US); Sydney Thompson Dobell; Charles Godfrey Leland (US); George MacDonald (Scotland); George Boyer Vashon (US)
DEATHS: Lord Byron, by fever in Greece; Elizabeth Cobbold; Thomas Maurice

1825
BIRTHS: Peter John Allan (Canada); John Askham; Henrietta Anne Huxley; Thomas Henry Huxley; Adelaide Anne Procter; Bayard Taylor (US); Frances Ellen Watkins (US)
DEATHS: Lady Anne Barnard; Anna Laetitia Barbauld; Mary Darwall; Lucretia Maria Davidson; William Knox (Scotland); Lady Anne Lindsay

1826
• Elizabeth Barrett (Browning)'s An Essay on Mind and Other Poems
BIRTHS: Dinah Maria Mulock Craik; Stephen Foster (US); Robert Lowry (US)
DEATHS: Reginald Heber; John Taylor

1827
• John Clare's The Shepherd's Calendar
• Edgar Allan Poe's Tamerlane and Other Poems
BIRTHS: Rose Terry Cooke (US); Francis Miles Finch (US); James McIntyre, poet of the mammoth cheese (Canada); John Hollin Ridge (US); John Townsend Trowbridge (US)
DEATHS: William Blake; George Canning; Carlos Wilcox

1828
• Felicia Hemans' Records of Women, with Other Poems
• John Gibson Lockhart's Life of Robert Burns
BIRTHS: George Meredith; Arthur Joseph Munby; Dante Gabriel Rossetti; Henry Timrod (US)
DEATHS: John Gardiner Calkins Brainard; Lady Caroline Lamb; Edward Coote Pinkney

1829
• Thomas Hood's The Dream of Eugene Aram
• Edgar Allan Poe's Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Other Poems
• Samuel Kettell's Specimens of American Poetry
BIRTHS: Rosanna Eleanor (Mullins) Leprohon (Canada); Elizabeth Siddall;
DEATHS: William Crowe; Sir Humphry Davy

1830
WILLIAM IV (-1837)
• Ebenezer Elliott's Corn Law Rhymes
• Sarah Josepha Hale's Poems for our Children, including "Mary's Lamb"
• Alfred Tennyson's Poems, Chiefly Lyrical, including "The Kraken"
BIRTHS: Charlotte Alington Barnard; Thomas Edward Brown; Emily Dickinson (US); Paul Hamilton Hayne (US); Helen Hunt Jackson (US); William McGonagall (ca; Scotland); Christina Rossetti; Alexander Smith (?); James M. Whitfield (US)
DEATHS: William Hazlitt

1831
• Walter Savage Landor's Gebir, Count Julian
• Edgar Allan Poe's Poems
BIRTHS: Charles Stuart Calverley; Isa Craig (Scotland); Edward Robert Bulwer Lytton; James Clerk Maxwell; David Mills (Canada)
DEATHS: Henry Louis Vivian Derozio (India); Laurence Hynes Halloran; William Roscoe

1832
• Alfred Tennyson's Poems (dated 1833), including "The Lady of Shalott" and "The Lotos-Eaters"
BIRTHS: Elizabeth Akers Allen (US); Sir Edwin Arnold; Benjamin Paul Blood (US); Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson); Joseph Skipsey; Henry Clay Work (US)
DEATHS: James Bisset; George Crabbe; Philip Morin Freneau; James Plumptre; Anna Maria Porter; Sir Walter Scott

Victorians 1833-1903

1833
• Robert Browning's Pauline
Hartley Coleridge's Poems, Songs and Sonnets
• J. S. Mill's "Thoughts on Poetry and its Variants"
BIRTHS: Richard Watson Dixon; Adam Lindsay Gordon (Australia); Edmund Clarence Stedman (US) Countee Cullen (Academy of American Poets Web site; US)
DEATHS: Sir George Dallas; Arthur Hallam, in whose memory Alfred lord Tennyson will write In Memoriam; Hannah More; John O'Keeffe; William Sotheby

1834
• Thomas Moore's Irish Melodies
• Thomas Pringle's African Sketches
BIRTHS: George Arnold (US); William Morris; Roden Berkely Wriothesley Noel; James Thomson (Scotland)
DEATHS: Samuel Taylor Coleridge; Charles Lamb; Thomas Pringle; Thomas Thelwall

1835
• Robert Browning's Paracelsus
• John Clare's The Rural Muse
• William Wordsworth's Yarrow Revisited and Other Poems
BIRTHS: Alfred Austin; Isodore Gordon Ascher (Canada); Augusta Cooper Bristol (US); Phillips Brooks (US); Samuel Langhorne Clemens, i.e., Mark Twain (US); Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall (India); Adah Isaacs Menken (US); John James Platt (US); Celia Thaxter (US); James Byrne Leicester Warren, baron de Tabley
DEATHS: Felicia Dorothea Hemans; James Hogg; William Motherwell

1836
Lyra Apostolica, religious poems by several authors, including John Newman
BIRTHS: Thomas Bailey Aldrich (US); W. S. Gilbert; Bret Harte (US); Sarah Morgan Piatt (US); Annie Louisa Walker (Canada)
DEATHS: George Colman the younger; William Taylor

1837
VICTORIA I (-1901)
• Richard H. Barham's Ingoldsby Legends
• The Civil List Act provides for pensions for needy authors in England.
• John Clare is institutionalized as insane.
• Eliza Cook's "The Old Arm Chair"
• George Moses Horton's Hope of Liberty -- Poems by a Slave (2nd edn.; first published as early as 1829)
• Thomas Love Peacock's The Paper Money Lyrics
BIRTHS: William Dean Howells (US); Joaquin Miller (US); Algernon Charles Swinburne; Julia Augusta Webster; Forceythe Willson (US)
DEATHS: Sir Samuel Egerton Brydges

1838
• Elizabeth Barrett's The Seraphim
• Leigh Hunt publishes "Abou Ben Adhem"
• William Wordsworth's Sonnets
BIRTHS: Henry Adams (US); Sarah Elizabeth Carmichael (US); John Hay (US); William Reed Huntington (US); Charles Mair (Canada); Abram Joseph Ryan (US); Margaret E. Sangster
DEATHS: Margaret Miller Davidson; Letitia Elizabeth Landon, likely by suicide; Charles Morris; Annabella Plumptre; Richard Polwhele

1839
BIRTHS: Walter Pater; James Ryder Randall (US); John Todhunter;
DEATHS: Thomas Haynes Bayley; Winthrop Mackworth Praed

1840
• Robert Browning's Sordello
• Percy Bysshe Shelley's Defence of Poetry, posthumously published
BIRTHS: Wilfred Scawen Blunt; Henry Austin Dobson; Thomas Hardy; William Cosmo Monkhouse; John Addington Symonds; Constance Fenimore Woolson (US)

1841
• Robert Browning's Pippa Passes
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Ballads and other Poems, including "The Wreck of the Hesperus"
BIRTHS: Mathilde Blind; Robert Williams Buchanan; Charles Edward Carryl (US); Joaquin Miller (US); Edward Rowland Sill (US)
DEATHS: Thomas John Dibdin; George Dyer; Standish O'Grady; Joseph Blanco White

1842
• Robert Browning's Dramatic Lyrics, including "My Last Duchess" and "The Pied Piper of Hamelin"
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Poems on Slavery
• Thomas Babington Macaulay's Lays of Ancient Rome, including "Horatius"
• Alfred Tennyson's Poems, including "Locksley Hall," "Morte d'Arthur," and "Ulysses"
• William Wordsworth's Poems Chiefly of Early and Late Years
BIRTHS: Ambrose Bierce (US); Ina Donna Coolbrith (US); William John Courthorpe; Sidney Lanier (US); John Arthur Phillips (Canada); Henry Duff Traill
DEATHS: Thomas Arnold; Macdonald Clarke; Samuel Woodworth

1843
• Thomas Hood's "The Song of the Shirt" (Punch)
• William Wordsworth is made British Poet Laureate
BIRTHS: Charles Montagu Doughty; Violet Fane aka Mary Montgomerie Lamb
DEATHS: Washington Allston; Francis Scott Key; Robert Southey

1844
• Isabella Banks' Ivy Leaves, including "Neglected Wife"
• William Barnes' Poems of Rural Life in the Dorset Dialect
• Elizabeth Barrett's Poems
BIRTHS: Robert Bridges; George Washington Cable (US); Ada Cambridge, later Cross; Richard Watson Gilder (US); Gerard Manley Hopkins; Andrew Lang (Scotland); Caroline Lindsay; Ernest Myers; John Boyle O'Reilly (US); Arthur William Edgar O'Shaughnessy; Arabella Eugenia Smith (US), about this time Paul Verlaine (France); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Thomas Campbell; Margaret Davidson

1845
• Robert Browning's Dramatic Romances and Lyrics, including "How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix"
• George Moses Horton's Poetical Works
• Edgar Allan Poe's The Raven and Other Poems, including "The Raven"
BIRTHS: Louisa Sarah Bevington (US); William Carleton (US); John Banister Tabb (US)
DEATHS: R. H. Barham; Maria Gowen Brooks; Thomas Hood; John McPherson; Sydney Smith

1846
• Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning are married in Sept. and elope to Italy, where they settle in Casa Guidi in Florence
• Robert Browning's Bells and Pomegranates
• Charlotte Brontë, Emily Brontë, and Anne Brontë's Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell, edited by Charlotte Brontë
• Edward Lear's Book of Nonsense, revised in 1861 and 1863
BIRTHS: Alexander MacGregor Rose (Scotland-Canada);
DEATHS: George Darley; Barron Field (Australia); John Hookham Frere

1847
• Ralph Waldo Emerson's Poems
• Walter Savage Landor's The Hellenics
• Henry Wadworth Longfellow's The Belfy of Bruges and other Poems
• "Henry Francis Lyte composes "Abide with Me"
• Alfred lord Tennyson's The Princess, including "Tears, idle Tears," which he adds to up to 1850
BIRTHS: Alice Meynell, née Thompson
DEATHS: Henry Francis Lyte; William Shepherd; Richard Henry Wilde

1848
• James Russell Lowell's A Fable for Critics
• pre-Raphaelite brotherhood in London, lasting until about 1880, including Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais, Elizabeth Siddal, and others
BIRTHS: Romesh Chunder Dutt (India);
DEATHS: John Quincy Adams; Emily Brontë; Thomas Cole; Sarah Fuller Flower, née Adams

1849
• Matthew Arnold's The Strayed Reveller and Other Poems
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Evangeline
BIRTHS: Edmund Gosse; William Ernest Henley; Sarah Orne Jewett (US); Emma Lazarus (US); James Whitcomb Riley (US)
DEATHS: Bernard Barton; Thomas Lovell Beddoes; Anne Brontë; Hartley Coleridge; Ebenezer Elliott; Edgar Allan Poe; James Clarence Mangan, of malnutrition

1850
• Thomas Lowell Beddoes' Death's Jest-book, published posthumously
• Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Poems with "Sonnets from the Portuguese," including How do I love thee? Let me count the ways
• Robert Browning's Christmas Eve and Easter Day
• Stephen Foster's "De Camptown Races"
• Leigh Hunt's Autobiography
• D. G. Rossetti's The Blessed Damozel, published in The Gem
• Alfred Tennyson publishes In Memoriam and is made British Poet Laureate.
• William Wordsworth's The Prelude, published posthumously in 14 Books.
BIRTHS: Isabella Valency Crawford (Canada); Eugene Field (US); William Larminie (US); Robert Louis Stevenson; Rose Hartwick Thorpe (US); Albery A. Whitmann (US); Ella Wheeler Wilcox (US)
DEATHS: Manoah Bodman; William Lisle Bowles; Philip Pendleton Cooke; Margaret Fuller; William Wordsworth

1851
• Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Casa Guidi Windows
• Stephen Foster's "Old Folks at Home"
• George Meredith's Poems, including "Love in the Valley"
BIRTHS: James Lister Cuthbertson (Australia); Arthur Clement Hilton; Albery Allson Whitman (US)
DEATHS: Joanna Baillie; David Macbeth Moir

1852
• Matthew Arnold's Empedocles on Etna and Other Poems
• Edmund Hamilton Sears' "It Came upon a Midnight Clear"
BIRTHS: Francis William Bourdillon; Emma Maria Caillard; Edwin Markham (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Henry Van Dyke (US)
DEATHS: Sara Coleridge; Thomas Moore; John Howard Payne; Thomas Moore; John Hamilton Reynolds

1853
• Matthew Arnold's Poems, including "Sobrab and Rustum" and "The Scholar-Gipsy"
• Martha Browne's [Mattie Griffith's] Poems
BIRTHS: Ernest Fenollosa (US)
DEATHS: Joseph Cottle; Maria White Lowell; Amelia Opie

1854
• Julia Ward Howe's Passion Flowers
• Coventry Patmore's The Angel in the House, Part I (Part II in 1856, Part III in 1860; and Part IV in 1863)
• Alfred Tennyson's "Charge of the Light Brigade," published in The Examiner on Dec. 9
BIRTHS: James A. Bland (US); George Frederick Cameron (Canada); William Henry Drummond (Canada); Oscar Wilde
DEATHS: James Montgomery (Scotland)

1855
• Matthew Arnold's Poems, Second Series
• Robert Browning's Men and Women, including "Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came"
• Lewis Carroll's "Jabberwocky"
Caroline Hayward (Canada) active about this time
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Hiawatha
• Alfred lord Tennyson's Maud and Other Poems
• Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass, regularly amplified (2nd edn., 1856; final author's edition, 1891-92)
BIRTHS: Henry Cuyler Bunner (US); Woodrow Wilson (US); Alexander Young (Scotland)
DEATHS: Charlotte Brontë; Mary Russell Mitford; Samuel Rogers; Dorothy Wordsworth

1856
• Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Aurora Leigh (post-dated 1857), a verse novel in 11,000 lines about a woman writer
• Sydney Dobell's England in Time of War
• Coventry Patmore's The Espousals
BIRTHS: Toru Dutt (India); Alfred Denis Godley; Lizette Woodworth Reese (US)
DEATHS: James Gates Percival

1857
• Frederick Locker Lampson's London Lyrics (12 re-editions to 1893)
BIRTHS: Jane Barlow (Ireland); Hubert N. W. Church (Australia); John Davidson (Scotland); Benjamin Franklin King (US)

1858
• William Barnes' Hwomely Rhymes: A second collection of poems of rural life in the Dorset Dialect
• William Johnson Cory's Ionica
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish
• William Morris' The Defence of Guenevere and Other Poems
• Adelaide Anne Procter's Legends and Lyrics (1858-61), including "A Lost Chord"
BIRTHS: William Wilfred Campbell ? (Canada); Edith Nesbit; Dollie Radford; Sir William Watson
DEATHS: Thomas Holley Chivers

1859
CHARLES DARWIN'S ORIGIN OF SPECIES
• Daniel Decatur Emmett's "Dixie's Land"
• Edmund Fitzgerald's The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, revised up to 1879
• Alfred lord Tennyson's Idylls of the King, including "Enid," "Vivien," "Elaine," and "Guinevere"
BIRTHS: Katharine Lee Bates (US); William Herbert Carruth (US); Perceval Gibbon (South Africa); A. E. Housman; Ernest Rhys; James Kenneth Stephen; Francis Thompson
DEATHS: Leigh Hunt; Washington Irving; James Mathews Legaré; Thomas Babington Macaulay; Lady Morgan, née Sydney Owenson

1860
ABRAHAM LINCOLN, PRESIDENT OF USA
• Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Poems before Congress
• Coventry Patmore's Faithful for Ever
BIRTHS: Helena Jane Coleman (Canada); Hamlin Garland (US); Harriet Monroe (US); Charles G. D. Roberts (Canada); Clinton Scollard (US)
DEATHS: Richard Croly; James Kirke Paulding

1861
CONFEDERATE STATES TAKE FORT SUMTER ON APRIL 12: AMERICAN CIVIL WAR
• Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Last Poems, posthumously published
• Julia Ward Howe composes "Battle Hymn of the Republic"
• Francis Turner Palgrave's The Golden Treasury, a poetic anthology revised in 1897 and since then by others
• Annie Louisa Walker's Leaves from the Backwoods
BIRTHS: Bliss Carman (Canada); Mary Elizabeth Coleridge; Walter Alexander Raleigh; Louise Imogen Guiney (US); Maurice Henry Hewlett; Katharine Hinkson, aka Katharine Tynan (Ireland); Pauline Johnson, aka Tekahionwake (Canada); Archibald Lampman (Canada); Amy Levy; Frederick George Scott (Canada) Rabindranath Tagore (India);
DEATHS: Elizabeth Barrett Browning; A. H. Clough

1862
• Elizabeth Barrett Browning's posthumous Last Poems, edited by Robert Browning
• Charles Calverley's Verses and Translations
• A. H. Clough's Last Poems, posthumously published
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Tales of a Wayside Inn, including "Paul Revere's Ride"
• George Meredith's Modern Love and Poems of the Roadside
• Coventry Patmore's Victories of Love
• Christina Rossetti's Goblin Market and Other Poems
• in February Dante Gabriel Rossetti places a sheaf of poems (a few years later retrieved) in the coffin of his wife Elizabeth Siddal
BIRTHS: John Kendrick Bangs (US); Arthur Christopher Benson; Jean Blewett (Canada); John Jay Chapman (US); Edith Emma Cooper (half of "Michael Field"); Sir Henry John Newbolt; George Santayana (US); Duncan Campbell Scott (Canada); Edith Wharton (US)
DEATHS: Elizabeth Siddall, of opium overdose; Henry David Thoreau, of tuberculosis; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1863
BIRTHS: C. P. Cavafy (Egypt); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) George Essex Evans (Australia); Robert Fuller Murray; Stuart Merrill (US); George Santayana; Ernest Lawrence Thayer (US)
DEATHS: Gamaliel Bradford (US); Clement Moore; William Makepeace Thackeray

1864
• Robert Browning's Dramatis Personae, including "Rabbi Ben Ezra" and "Caliban upon Setebos"
• Robert Lowry's "Beautiful River"
• William Brighty Rands' Lilliput Levee, for children
• Alfred lord Tennyson's Enoch Arden
BIRTHS: Miguel de Unamuno (Spain); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Mary Gilmore (Australia); Richard Hovey (US); A. B. ("Banjo") Paterson (Australia)
DEATHS: John Clare; Stephen Foster; Nathaniel Hawthorne; Walter Savage Landor; George Pope Morris; Adelaide Anne Procter

1865
LINCOLN ASSASSINATED; CIVIL WAR ENDS; SLAVERY ABOLISHED DEC. 18
• Matthew Arnold's Essays in Criticism, 1st series, including "The Function of Criticism at the Present Time"
• Robert Williams Buchanan's "The Session of the Poets," an attack on Algernon Charles Swinburne, published in Spectator
• George Moses Horton's Naked Genius
• John Newman's The Dream of Gerontius
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Atalanta in Calydon
• Walt Whitman's "When lilacs last in the dooryard bloom'd," on the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
• Henry Clay Work's "Marching through Georgia"
BIRTHS: Arthur A. D. Bayldon (Australia); Madison Cawein (US); Adela Florence Nicolson Cory (pseud. "Lawrence Hope"); Thomas William Hodgson Crosland; Rudyard Kipling (UK); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); William Butler Yeats (Ireland); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: George Arnold; William Edmondstone Aytoun; Abraham Lincoln (US); Lydia Howard Sigourney; Isaac Williams

1866
• Sarah Elizabeth Carmichael's Poems
• Christina Rossetti's The Prince's Progress
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Poems and Ballads, 1st series, including "Dolores"
• John Greenleaf Whittier's Snow-Bound
BIRTHS: Barcroft Blake (Australia); Katharine Harris Bradley (half of "Michael Field"); Gelett Burgess (US); Edmund Vance Cooke (US)
DEATHS: Richard Le Gallienne; Francis Sylvester Mahony; Thomas Love Peacock

1867
DOMINION OF CANADA ESTABLISHED ON JULY 1
• Matthew Arnold's New Poems, including "Dover Beach"
• Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark
• Ralph Waldo Emerson's May-Day
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Song of Italy
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's translation of Dante's Divine Comedy
BIRTHS: Ernest Christopher Dowson; Lionel Pigot Johnson; Henry Lawson (Australia); George William Russell ("Æ"; Ireland); David McKee Wright (New Zealand)
DEATHS: Charles Baudelaire (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Fitz-Greene Halleck; John Hollin Ridge; Alexander Smith; Henry Timrod; Nathaniel Parker Willis; Forceythe Willson

1868
• Robert Browning's The Ring and the Book, in 12 Books and over 21,000 lines (1868-69)
• Frederick James Furnivall founds the Chaucer Society
• William Morris' The Earthly Paradise, I, completed in 1870
BIRTHS: Edgar Lee Masters (?) (US)
DEATHS: Adah Isaacs Monken

1869
• W. S. Gilbert's Bab Ballads
• Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Poems
• Alfred lord Tennyson's The Holy Grail and Other Poems, with "The Coming of Arthur," "The Holy Grail," "Pelleas and Ettarre," and "The Passing of Arthur"
BIRTHS: Laurence Binyon; Olivia Bush, née Ward, later Banks (US); Arthur Sheerly Cripps (Rhodesia); Stephen Leacock; Charlotte Mary Mew; William Vaughn Moody (US); Edwin Arlington Robinson (US)
DEATHS: Charlotte Alington Barnard

1870
• Adam Lindsay Gordon's Bush Ballads and Galloping Rhymes
• Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Poems, including "Jenny" and a fragment of "The House of Life"
• mathematician James Joseph Sylvester publishes his The Laws of Verse
BIRTHS: Hilaire Belloc (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Christopher John Brennan (Australia); Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas; Eva Selena Gore-Booth (Ireland); Thomas Sturge Moore
DEATHS: David Bates; Charles Dickens; Adam Lindsay Gordon; William Gilmore Simms; James M. Whitfield

1871
• Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking Glass, including "Jabberwocky"
• Edward Lear's Nonsense Songs, including "The Owl and the Pussy-Cat"
• Thomas Maitland (i.e., Robert Williams Buchanan) attacks Dante Gabriel Rossetti in "The Fleshly School of Poetry" in Contemporary Review (Oct.); and Rossetti replies in "The Stealthy School of Criticism" in Athenaeum (Dec.)
• Joaquin Miller's Songs of the Sierras
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Songs before Sunrise
• Alfred lord Tennyson's "The Last Tournament"
• Walt Whitman's Passage to India
BIRTHS: Stephen Crane (US); William Henry Davies; Ralph Edwin Hodgson; James Weldon Johnson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Francis Joseph Sherman (Canada); John Millington Synge (Ireland) Paul Valéry (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Alice and Phoebe Cary; Charlotte Elliott; John Frederick William Herschel; Thomas Buchanan Read; James Monroe Whitfield

1872
• Edward Lear's More Nonsense, Rhymes
• William Morris' Love is Enough
• Christina Rossetti's Sing-Song, a Nursery Rhyme Book
• Alfred lord Tennyson's "Gareth and Lynette"
BIRTHS: Paul Laurence Dunbar (US); Dr. John McCrae (Canada); John Shaw Nielson (Australia); Leonora Speyer (US)
DEATHS: Henry Howard Brownell; Samuel Henry Dickson; Helena Mabel Forrest (Australia); William J. Macquorn Rankine (Scotland)

1873
• William Morris's Love is Enough
BIRTHS: Gilbert E. Brooke (Singapore); George Herbert Clarke (Canada); Walter De la Mare; George Cabot Lodge (US); Alexander L. Posey (US)
DEATHS: Caroline Clive; Kasiprasad Ghose (India); Janet Hamilton; Joseph Howe; Frederick Goddard Tuckerman

1874
• J. Thomson's "The City of Dreadful Night," published in National Reformer, and later in 1880
BIRTHS: Maurice Baring; Mary Ursula Bethell (New Zealand); Gordon Bottomley; A. H. Reginald Buller; G. K. Chesterton; Robert Frost (US); Stanley de Vere Alexander Julius; Amy Lowell (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Lucy Maud Montgomery (Canada); Josephine Peabody (US); Robert William Service (Canada); Gertrude Stein (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Trumbull Stickney (US)
DEATHS: Shirley Brooks; Sydney Thompson Dobell; Brian Waller Procter (Barry Cornwall)

1875
• Robert Browning's Aristophane's Apology
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's The Masque of Pandora
BIRTHS: Edmund Clerihew Bentley; Anna Branch (US); Alice Dunbar-Nelson (US; wife of Paul L. Dunbar) Rainer Maria Rilke (Prague); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Robert Stephen Hawker; Charles Kingsley

1876
• Robert Browning's Pacchiarotto and How He Worked in Distemper
• Brewster Higley's "Home on the Range"
• William Morris' The Story of Sigurd the Volsung, and the Fall of the Niblungs
BIRTHS: Sarah Cleghorn (US)
DEATHS: Charles Heavysege; John Neal; Edmund Hamilton Sears

1877
• Coventry Patmore's The Unknown Eros and Other Odes
• Edward Lear's Laughable Lyrics
DEATHS: Toru Dutt (India), of pulmonary tuberculosis

1878
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Poems and Ballads, 2nd series
BIRTHS: Adelaide Crapsey (US); Wilfrid Wilson Gibson; Oliver Joseph St John Gogarty (Ireland); Don Marquis (US); John Edward Masefield; Carl August Sandburg (US); Edward Thomas
DEATHS: William Cullen Bryant; Frank Oliver Call (Canada); Bayard Taylor; George Boyer Vashon; Sarah Helen Whitman

1879
THOMAS EDISON PATENTS THE ELECTRIC LIGHTBULB
• Robert Browning's Dramatic Idyls, including "Ivàn Ivànovitch"
• Gilbert and Sullivan's operetta The Pirates of Penzance
• Alfred lord Tennyson's Ballads and Other Poems
BIRTHS: Joseph Campbell (Ireland); Vachel Lindsay (US); Harold Edward Munro; Wallace Stevens (US)
DEATHS: Frances Brown (Browne); James Branch Cabell (US); Richard Henry Dana; Sarah Josepha Hale; Rosanna Eleanor (Mullins) Leprohon; James Clerk Maxwell

1880
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Ultima Thule
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's The Heptalogia
• Seven Balliol College Oxford members led by H. C. Beeching and J. W. Mackail publish The Masque of B-ll--l, which is immediately suppressed by authorities
BIRTHS: Guillaume Apollinaire (Wilhelm-Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky) (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Joseph Warren Beach (US); Radclyffe Hall; Alfred Noyes (UK); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Lydia Maria Child; Eliza Dunlop; Mary Ann Evans (pseud. "George Eliot"); George Moses Horton ?; Epes Sargent; Jones Very

1881
• Frederick James Furnivall founds the Browning Society
• Christina Rossetti's A Pageant, and other Poems
• Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Ballads and Sonnets, with "The House of Life" complete, and Poems
• Oscar Wilde's Poems
BIRTHS: Franklin Pierce Adams; Clive Bell; Witter Bynner (US); Lascelles Abercrombie; Padraic Colum (Ireland); Eleanor Farjeon
DEATHS: Thomas Carlyle; Edgar Albert Guest; Josiah Gilbert Holland; Sidney Lanier; Arthur William Edgar O'Shaughnessy

1882
• F. J. Child's edition of English and Scottish Popular Ballads, in 5 vols. (1882-98): multiple versions of 305 ballads
• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's In the Harbor
BIRTHS: Martin Donisthorpe Armstrong; John Drinkwater; James Joyce (Ireland); Mina Loy (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); A. A. Milne; E. J. Pratt (Canada); Anne Spencer (US); James Stephens (Ireland)
DEATHS: Ralph Waldo Emerson (US); Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; William Brighty Rands; Dante Gabriel Rossetti; James Thomson

1883
• Robert Browning's Jocoseria
• Emma Lazarus writes "The New Colossus" in aid of the Bartholdi Pedestal Fund (for the New York "Statue of Liberty")
• George Meredith's Poems and Lyrics of the Joy of Earth
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's A Century of Roundels
• Ella (Wheeler) Wilcox's Poems of Passion
BIRTHS: William Baylebridge (Australia); Charles Badger Clark (US); Thomas Ernest Hulme; Geoffrey Anketell Studdert Kennedy; Marjorie Pickthall (Canada); William Carlos Williams (US)
DEATHS: Charles Timothy Brooks; Edward Fitzgerald

1884
• Isabella Valency Crawford's Old Spookses' Pass, Malcolm's Katie, and Other Poems
• Amy Levy's A Minor Poet and Other Verse
• Percy Montrose's "Oh My Darling Clementine"
• Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
BIRTHS: James Elroy Flecker; Edith Alice Mary Harper, aka Anna Wickham; John Collings Squire; Francis Brett Young
DEATHS: Charles Stuart Calverley; John Harris; Henry Clay Work

1885
• Robert Louis Stevenson's A Child's Garden of Verses
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Marino Faliero
• Alfred lord Tennyson's Tiresias and Other Poems, and "Balin and Balan"
BIRTHS: Charles Richard Allen (New Zealand); Kingsley Fairbridge (Rhodesia); David Herbert Lawrence; Ezra Pound (US); Elinor Morton Hoyt Wylie (US); Andrew John Young (Scotland)
DEATHS: George Frederick Cameron; Helen Hunt Jackson; Monckton Milnes; Susanna Moodie; Charles Whitehead

1886
• Frederick James Furnivall founds the Shelley Society
• Rudyard Kipling's Departmental Ditties
• Alfred lord Tennyson's "Locksley Hall Sixty Years After"
BIRTHS: Zoë Rumbold Akins (US); William Rose Benêt (US); Frances Cornford; Hilda Doolittle (US); John Gould Fletcher (US); John Henry Gray; Joyce Kilmer (US); Siegfried Sassoon; Charles Williams
DEATHS: William Barnes; Emily Dickinson; Paul Hamilton Hayne; John Pierpont; Abram Joseph Ryan

1887
• Robert Browning's Parleyings with Certain People
• George Meredith's Ballads and Poems of Tragic Life
BIRTHS: Leonard Bacon (US); Rupert Brooke; Elizabeth Daryush, daughter of Robert Bridges; Sir Julian Sorell Huxley; John Robinson Jeffers (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Marianne Craig Moore (US); Edwin Muir (Scotland); Edith Louisa Sitwell; Sir Sacheverell Sitwell
DEATHS: Dinah Maria Mulock Craik; Isabella Valency Crawford; Emma Lazarus (US); Edward Rowland Sill

1888
• Matthew Arnold's Essays in Criticism, second series
• Ernest Henley's A Book of Verses
• George Meredith's A Reading of Earth
• Ernest Lawrence Thayer's "Casey at the Bat"
BIRTHS: T. S. Eliot (US to 1927; then British); Julian Grenfell; Aline Kilmer (US); Katherine Mansfield (New Zealand); Eugene O'Neill (US); Fernando Pessoa (Portugal) (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Crowe Ransom (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Alan Seeger
DEATHS: A. Bronson Alcott; Matthew Arnold; Mary Howitt; Edward Lear; John Crowe Ransom

1889
• Robert Browning's Asolando
• Eugene Field's A Little Book of Western Verse, including "Little Boy Blue" and "Wynkyn, Blynkyn and Nod"
• Amy Levy's A London Plane Tree
• Walter Pater's Appreciations: With an Essay on Style
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Poems and Ballads, 3rd series
• Alfred lord Tennyson's Demeter and Other Poems; he writes "Crossing the Bar" in Oct. as he crossed the Solent
• W. B. Yeats' The Wanderings of Oisin
BIRTHS: Anna Andreyevna Akhmatova (Ukraine); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) William Hervey Allen (US); Conrad Aiken (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Claude McKay (US); Arthur David Waley; Dorothy Wellesley
DEATHS: William Allingham; Robert Browning; Eliza Cook; Gerard Manley Hopkins, of typhoid; Amy Levy, by suicide; Cornelius Mathews; Martin Farquhar Tupper

1890
• Emily Dickinson's poems published posthumously
• Walter Pater's Appreciations with an Essay on Style
• Robert Louis Stevenson's Ballads
BIRTHS: Zora Cross (Australia); Ivor Gurney; A. P. Herbert; Boris Pasternak (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Isaac Rosenberg
DEATHS: George Henry Boker (US); J. H. Newman; John Boyle O'Reilly (US)

1891
• John Davidson's In a Music Hall
• William Morris's Poems by the Way
• The Rhymers Club gathered at the Cheshire Cheese in Fleet Street, London, 1891-93, including John Davidson, Ernest Dowson, W. B. Yeats, and others
• James Kenneth Stephen's Lapsus Calami and Quo Musa Tendis
BIRTHS: John Peale Bishop (US); Francis Ledwidge (Ireland) Osip Mandelstam (Russia); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: John Henry Hopkins, Jr.; James Russell Lowell; Edward Robert Bulwer Lytton; Herman Melville (US)

1892
• Rudyard Kipling's Barrack-Room Ballads, including "Gunga Din"
• Alfred Tennyson's The Death of Oenone
BIRTHS: Richard Aldington; Djuna Barnes (US); Mary Phelps Crosby (US); Archibald MacLeish (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Hugh MacDiarmid (Scotland); Edna St. Vincent Millay (US); Victoria Mary ("Vita") Sackville-West; J. R. R. Tolkien César Vallejo (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Barcroft Boake, by suicide; Maxwell Bodenheim; Josiah D. Canning; Robert P. Coffin (US); Rose Terry Cooke; William John Cory; Christopher Pearse Cranch; Alfred lord Tennyson; Walt Whitman; John Greenleaf Whittier

1893
SUFFRAGE REFORM IN NEW ZEALAND
• Thomas Edward Brown's Old John, and Other Poems
• John Davidson's Fleet Street Eclogues
• Francis Thompson's Poems, including "The Hound of Heaven"
BIRTHS: Gerald William Bullett; Arthur Stanley Bourinot (Canada); Richard Church; Jorge Guillén (Spain); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Thomas MacGreevy (Ireland); Robert Malise Bowyer Nichols; Wilfred Owen; Dorothy Parker (US); Sir Herbert Edward Read; Ivor Armstrong Richards; Sylvia Townsend Warner
DEATHS: Sarah Tittle Bolton; Phillips Brooks; Fanny Kemble; Charles Sangster; John Addington Symonds

1894
• Robert Browning's Asolando
• John Davidson's "Thirty Bob a Week"
Ben King's Verse (2nd edn., 1898)
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's Astrophel and Other Poems
The Yellow Book, published 1894-97
• W. B. Yeats' The Land of Heart's Desire
BIRTHS: Edward Estlin Cummings, aka e. e. cummings (US); Eileen Duggan (New Zealand); Charles Reznikoff (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); W. W. E. Ross (Canada); Jean Toomer (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: John Askham; Robert Fuller Murray, of consumption; Oliver Wendell Holmes; Benjamin Franklin King; Roden Berkely Wriothesley Noel; Walter Pater; Christina Rossetti, of cancer; Robert Louis Stevenson, of a brain haemorrhage, in Samoa; Celia Thaxter; Julia Augusta Webster; Constance Fenimore Woolson

1895
• Katharine Lee Bates' "America the Beautiful"
• Gelett Burgess' "The Purple Cow"
• James Whitcomb Riley's "Little Orphant Annie"
BIRTHS: Capel Boake (Australia); Lilian Bowes-Lyon; Babette Deutsch (US); Paul Eluard (France); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Robert Graves (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Hillyer (US); David Michael Jones (Wales); Charles Hamilton Sorley
DEATHS: Cecil Frances Alexander; Louisa Sarah Bevington; Eugene Field; Thomas Henry Huxley; Frederick Locker-Lampson; William Wetmore Story; James Byrne Leicester Warren, baron de Tabley

1896
• Alfred Austin made British Poet Laureate
• Ernest Christopher Dowson's Verses, including "Non Sum Qualis Eram"
• A. E. Housman's A Shropshire Lad
• William Morris publishes the Kelmscott Press edition of Chaucer's works
• Andrew Barton (`Banjo') Paterson's The Man from Snowy River
BIRTHS: Edmund Charles Blunden; Austin Clarke (Ireland); Nancy Cunard (US); Walter D'arcy Cresswell (New Zealand); Frederick Robert Higgins (Ireland) Eugenio Montale (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Mathilde Blind; Henry Cuyler Bunner; Thomas Edward Brown; Alexander McLachlan; William Morris; Coventry Patmore Paul Verlaine, at 52 (Jan. 8); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1897
• Edwin Arlington Robinson's The Children of the Night
BIRTHS: Louise Bogan (US); Kenneth Burke (US); William Faulkner (US)
DEATHS: Isabella Banks; Jean Ingelow; James Joseph Sylvester

1898
• Thomas Hardy's Wessex Poems
• Oscar Wilde's The Ballad of Reading Gaol
BIRTHS: Stephen Vincent Benét (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Louise Bogan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Harindranath Chattopadhyana (India); Govinda Krishna Chettur (India); Philip Albert Child; Horace Gregory (US); Luis Palés Matos (Puerto Rico); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Edgell Rickword; William Soutar (Scotland)
DEATHS: Lewis Carroll; Evan MacColl; Alexander MacGregor Rose (Scotland-Canada)

1899
• Stephen Crane's War is Kind
• Ernest Dowson's Decorations: in Verse and Prose
• W. B. Yeats' The Wind among the Reeds
BIRTHS: Léonie Fuller Adams (US; Academy of American Poets Web site); Noël Coward; Hart Crane (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Ernest Miller Hemingway (US); Raymond Knister (Canada); Federico García Lorca (Spain); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); F. R. Scott (Canada); Allen Tate (US); Constance Woodrow
DEATHS: Archibald Lampman; Robert Lowry Allen Tate (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1900
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA PROCLAIMED JULY 9
Stephen Crane's The Black Riders and Other Lines
• Ernest Henley's For England's Sake
• Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch edits The Oxford Book of English Verse.
• W. B. Yeats' The Shadowy Waters
BIRTHS: Basil Bunting; Robert Desnos (France); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Richard A. W. Hughes (Wales); Yvor Winters (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Giorgos Seferis (Greece); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Yvor Winters (US)
ƒ FLORUIT: Alice Mary Buckton (South Africa);
DEATHS: Stephen Crane; Richard Watson Dixon; Ernest Christopher Dowson; Richard Hovey; William Larminie; Melvin Tolson; Henry Duff Traill; Oscar Wilde

1901
EDWARD VII (-1910)
• Thomas Hardy's Poems of the Past and Present
• a small plaque is set on the Statue of Liberty and holds Emma Lazarus' poem, "The New Colossus" (1883)
• George Meredith's A Reading of Life
BIRTHS: Adrian Hanbury Bell; Ignatius Roy D. Campbell (South Africa); Sterling Brown (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Salvatore Quasimodo (Italy); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Laura Riding Jackson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kenneth Slessor (Australia)
ƒ FLORUIT: Thomas Craig (South Africa);
DEATHS: Robert Williams Buchanan; Sarah Elizabeth Carmichael; William Ellery Channing; William Cosmo Monkhouse; Albery Allson Whitman

1902
• Thomas Hardy's Poems of the Past and Present
• Walter De la Mare's Songs of Childhood
• John Edward Masefield's Salt-Water Ballads, including "I must go down to the sea again"
• on June 2, Clara Butt sings a special version of "Land of Hope and Glory," the final chorus from the "Coronation Ode" composed by Edward Elgar with lyrics by Arthur Christopher Benson
• W. B. Yeats' Cathleen Ni Houlihan
BIRTHS: Arna Bontemps (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Kay Boyle (US); Kenneth Fearing; Nazim Hikmet (Greece); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Langston Hughes (US); Ogden Nash (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Michael William Edward Roberts; A. J. Smith (Canada); Stevie Smith (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Philip James Bailey; Aubrey Thomas De Vere; Thomas Dunn English; Lionel Pigot Johnson; Bret Harte; William McGonagall (ca; Scotland); Albery A. Whitman

Georgians 1903-1920

1903
ORVILLE AND WILBUR WRIGHT MAKE THE FIRST AIR FLIGHT
• Thomas Traherne's Poetical Works, published posthumously.
• W. B. Yeats' Ideas of Good and Evil
BIRTHS: Countee Cullen (US); Lorine Niedecker (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); William Charles Franklyn Plomer (South Africa); A. L. Rowse (Cornwall)
DEATHS: Isa Craig (Scotland); William Ernest Henley; Charles Godfrey Leland; David Mills (Canada)

1904
• Thomas Hardy's The Dynasts, I, followed by II (1906) and III (1908)
• Christina Rossetti's Poetical Works, edited by W. M. Rossetti
• Algernon Charles Swinburne's A Channel Passage, and Other Poems
• W. B. Yeats' The King's Threshold and The Hour-Glass
BIRTHS: Harold Acton; A. Alexandra Brown (Canada); Earle Birney (Canada); Arthur R. D. Fairburn (New Zealand); Cecil Day-Lewis; Richard Eberhart (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Mary Elizabeth Frye; Pablo Neruda (Chile); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Louis Zukovsky (US)
DEATHS: Sir Edwin Arnold; Daniel Decatur Emmett; Adela Florence Nicolson Cory (pseud. "Lawrence Hope"), of suicide; Trumbull Stickney

1905
ALBERT EINSTEIN PROPOSES HIS SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
• Edmund Clerihew Bentley's Biography for Beginners and the invention of the clerihew
• Ernest Dowson's Poems
• Duncan Campbell Scott's "The Forsaken"
• Oscar Wilde's De Profundis, published posthumously
BIRTHS: Brian Coffey (Ireland); Idris Davies (Wales); Frank Marshall Davis (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Geoffrey Grigson; Patrick Kavanagh (Ireland); Stanley Kunitz (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Phyllis McGinley (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Peter Quennel; Kenneth Rexroth (US); Rex Warner (Ireland); Robert Penn Warren (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Violet Fane; John Hay; George MacDonald

1906
• C. M. Doughty's The Dawn in Britain
• Thomas Hardy's The Dynasts, II
• Picasso's portrait of Gertrude Stein
BIRTHS: Samuel Beckett; John Betjeman; Bruce Charles (Canada); William Empson, later Sir; Anne Lindbergh (US); Vernon Watkins (Wales)
DEATHS: Ronald Bottrall; Martha Browne; Paul Laurence Dunbar; James McIntyre

1907
• James Joyce's Chamber Music
Lizelia Augusta Jenkins Moorer's Prejudice Unveiled
• Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to Rudyard Kipling
• Robert Service's The Spell of the Yukon and Other Verses, also titled Songs of a Sourdough, including "The Shooting of Dan McGrew" and "The Cremation of Sam McGee"
BIRTHS: W. H. Auden (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Alec Derwent Hope (Australia); Lincoln Kirstein (US); John Lehmann; Louis MacNeice (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Thomas Bailey Aldrich (US); Mary Coleridge; William Henry Drummond; Francis Miles Finch; John Arthur Phillips; Francis Thompson; Annie Louisa Walker

1908
• John Davidson's Mammon and his Message
Barbara Frietchie, a film directed by J. Stuart Blackton (redone in 1915 and 1924) and based on the story told by John Greenleaf Whittier in the poem of the same name.
• Edith Nesbit's Ballads & Lyrics of Socialism
• Ezra Pound's A Lume Spento
BIRTHS: Julian Bell; Dennis Devlin (Ireland); Paul Engle (US); Josephine Jacobsen (Canada); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) George Oppen (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kathleen Jessie Raine; Theodore Roethke (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Ernest Fenollosa; Alexander L. Posey; James Ryder Randall; Edmund Clarence Steadman

1909
• Andrew Cecil Bradley's Oxford Lectures on Poetry
• Founding of the Poetry Recital Society (now the Poetry Society)
• Thomas Hardy's Time's Laughingstocks
• George Meredith's Last Poems
• Ezra Pound's Personae
• Robert Service's Ballads of a Cheechako
• John Millington Synge's Poems and Translations
BIRTHS: Charles Brasch (New Zealand); John Glassco (Canada); Robert Garioch (Scotland); A. M. Klein (Canada); Dorothy Livesay (Canada); Stephen Spender (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
ƒ FLORUIT: Edith L. M. King (South Africa);
DEATHS: John Davidson; Romesh Chunder Dutt (India); George Essex Evans (Australia); Richard Watson Gilder; William Reed Huntington; Sarah Orne Jewett; George Cabot Lodge; George Meredith; Stephen Spender (Feb. 28); Algernon Charles Swinburne; John Millington Synge; John Banister Tabb (US)

1910
GEORGE V (-1936)
• John Masefield's Ballads and Poems
• W. B. Yeats' Poems: Second Series
BIRTHS: Norman Alexander MacCaig (Scotland); Charles Olson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Augusta Cooper Bristol; Gilbert E. Brooke (Singapore); James Lister Cuthbertson; Julia Ward Howe; William Vaughn Moody (US); Arthur Joseph Munby; Mark Twain; Anna Letitia Waring

1911
• Britain establishes six copyright libraries (to which copies of all books published in the country must be sent): Bodleian Library (Oxford); British Library (London); National Library of Scotland (Edinburgh); National Library of Wales (Aberystwyth); Trinity College (Dublin); and University Library (Cambridge)
• Rupert Brooke's Poems 1911
• Ezra Pound's Canzoni
BIRTHS: Elizabeth Bishop (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) J. V. Cunningham (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Allen Curnow (New Zealand); Robert W. V. Gittings; Paul Goodman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Sorley Maclean, aka Somhairle Macgill-Eain (Gailic); Josephine Miles (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Czeslaw Milosz (Lithuania); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kenneth Patchen (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Mervyn Laurence Peake
DEATHS: Elizabeth Akers Allen; James A. Bland; Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall (India); W. S. Gilbert; Frances Ellen Watkins

1912
Pauline Johnson's Flint and Feather
• Sir Edward Marsh's anthology Georgian Poetry 1911-12
• H. E. Monro edits The Poetry Review, journal of the Poetry Recital Society
• Harriet Munroe founds Poetry: A Magazine of Verse in Chicago
• Ezra Pound's Ripostes
• Robert Service's Rhymes of a Rolling Stone
BIRTHS: Kenneth Allott; Clement Byrne Christesen (Australia); Lawrence George Durrell; Roy Fuller; Christopher Vernon Hassall; Irving Layton (Canada); Charles Henry Madge; Frank Prince (South Africa); Anne Ridler; May Sarton (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
ƒ FLORUIT: Francis Ernley Walrond (South Africa);
DEATHS: Andrew Lang (Scotland); Caroline Lindsay; Margaret E. Sangster

1913
• Robert Bridges made British Poet Laureate
• Robert Frost's A Boy's Will
• D. H. Lawrence's Love Poems
• Vachel Lindsay's General Booth Enters Heaven and Other Poems
• Harold Monro founds the Poetry Bookshop in London
BIRTHS: George Barker (US); Aimé Césaire (Martinique); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Robert Hayden (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Frederick Nims (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Muriel Rukeyser (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Delmore Schwartz (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Karl Shapiro (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); R. S. Thomas (Wales)
DEATHS: Alfred Austin; Edith Emma Cooper; Pauline Johnson; George Johnston (Canada); Joaquin Miller

1914
WAR WORLD I BEGINS (JULY-SEPT.)
• Robert Frost's North of Boston
• Thomas Hardy's Satires of Circumstance
Des Imagistes: An Anthology, edited by Ezra Pound
• Joyce Kilmer's Trees and Other Poems, including "Trees"
• Carl Sandburg publishes "Chicago" in the magazine Poetry
• W. B. Yeats' Responsibilities
BIRTHS: John Berryman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Clifford Dyment (Wales); David Ignatow (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Randall Jarrell (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Weldon Kees (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Laurie Lee; Douglas Lepan (Canada); Octavio Paz (Mexico) (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Henry Reed; Charles Hubert Sisson; Dylan Thomas (Wales); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Isodore Gordon Ascher; Ambrose Bierce (?); Katharine Harris Bradley; Madison Cawein; Adelaide Crapsey; Henrietta Anne Huxley

1915
• Richard Aldington's Images 1910-1915
• Rupert Brooke's 1914 & Other Poems
• Adelaide Crapsey's Verse, and her invention of the quintain, a five-line form
• T. S. Eliot's "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" published in Poetry (Chicago)
• Thomas Hardy publishes "The Convergence of the Twain," on the sinking of the Titanic
• Edgar Lee Masters' Spoon River Anthology
• Ezra Pound's Cathay
• Edith Sitwell's The Mother and Other Poems
BIRTHS: Mona Brand (Australia); John Cornford; R. A. D. Ford (Canada); Isabella Stewart Gardner (US); Alun Lewis (Wales); Sydney Goodsir Smith (Scotland); Ruth Stone (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Judith Wright (Australia)
DEATHS: Rupert Brooke; James Elroy Flecker; Julian Grenfell, killed at Ypres; Stuart Merrill; Eric Roach (Tobago); Charles Hamilton Sorley, killed in WW1 in France

1916
Hilda Doolittle's Sea Garden ("H.D.")
• Robert Frost's Mountain Interval, including "Out, Out--"
• D. H. Lawrence's Amores
• Ezra Pound's Lustra
• Carl Sandburg's Chicago Poems
• Robert Service's Rhymes of a Red Cross Man
• Charles Hamilton Sorley's Marlborough and Other Poems
BIRTHS: John Ciardi (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Gavin Buchanan Ewart; David Gascoyne; Eve Merriam (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); P. K. Page (Canada)
DEATHS: H. H. Munro ("Saki"); James Whitcomb Riley; Alan Seeger, in WW1 in France; Arabella Eugenia Smith; John Todhunter; John Townsend Trowbridge

1917
UNITED STATES ENTERS WORLD WAR I
• Sarah Cleghorn's Portraits and Protest
• T. S. Eliot's Prufrock and Other Observations
• Thomas Hardy's Moments of Vision
• D. H. Lawrence's Look! We have Come Through!
• Edna St. Vincent Millay's Renascence and Other Poems
Poetry (Chicago) publishes Ezra Pound's first three cantos
• Siegfried Sassoon's The Old Huntsman
• Edward Thomas's Poems
• W. B. Yeats' The Wild Swans at Coole
BIRTHS: Gwendolyn Brooks (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Charles Causley; Robert Conquest; Ruth Herschberger (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Lowell (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James McAuley (Australia); Bertram Warr (Canada)
DEATHS: William Hamilton (South Africa), died in Flanders; Thomas Ernest Hulme, killed in WW1; Francis Ledwidge, killed at Flanders in WW1; Dr. John McCrae; John James Platt; Edward Thomas, killed in WW1 at Arras

1918
• Rupert Brooke's Collected Poems
• Gerard Manley Hopkins' Poems, edited by Robert Bridges
• James Joyce's Exiles
• D. H. Lawrence's New Poems
• Wilfred Owen composes Dulce et Decorum Est
• Siegfried Sassoon's Counter-Attack
• Edward Thomas' Last Poems
• Arthur David Waley's A Hundred and Seventy Chinese Poems
• W. B. Yeats' Per Amica Silentia Lunae
§ AWARDS:
• Sara Teasdale's Love Songs (1917) wins a special Pulitzer prize
BIRTHS: Margaret Avison (Canada); Martin Bell; Louis Dudek (Canada); Anne Elder (New Zealand); William Sydney Graham (Scotland); John Heath-Stubbs; James Kirkup; Al Purdy (Canada) William Jay Smith (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Henry Adams; Guillaume Apollinaire (Wilhelm-Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky) (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Jane Barlow; William John Courthorpe; Joyce Kilmer, at the second battle of the Marne; Wilfred Owen, killed at the Sambre canal; Isaac Rosenberg, killed in action

1919
TREATY OF VERSAILLES ENDS WORLD WAR I (JUNE 28)
• T. S. Eliot's Poems
• Thomas Hardy's Collected Poems
• Lieut.-Col. John McCrae's In Flanders Fields and Other Poems, posthumously published
• Ezra Pound's Quia Pauper Amavi
• Sigfried Sassoon's War Poems
§ AWARDS:
• Carl Sandburg's Cornhuskers (1918), awarded a special Pulitzer prize
• Margaret Widdemer's Old Road to Paradise (1918) wins a special Pulitzer prize
BIRTHS: Louise Simone Bennett (Jamaica); Ruth Dallas (New Zealand); Madeline DeFrees (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Robert Duncan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Lawrence Ferlinghetti (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) William Meredith (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Jiri Orten (Czechoslovakia); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); May Swenson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Benjamin Paul Blood; Wilfred Campbell; Sarah Morgan Piatt; Ella Wheeler Wilcox

Moderns 1920-1960

1920
WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE ADOPTED IN THE UNITED STATES
• T. S. Eliot's The Sacred Wood: Essays on Poetry and Criticism and Poems
• Wilfred Owen's Poems, posthumously published
• Ezra Pound's Hugh Selwyn Mauberley
• Carl Sandburg's Smoke and Steel
• W. B. Yeats' Michael Robartes and the Dancer
BIRTHS: Charles Bukowski (US; Aug. 16); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Paul Celan (Romania); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Amy Clampitt (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Alex Comfort; Rosemary Dobson (Australia); Keith Castellain Douglas; Dennis Joseph Enright; Barbara Guest (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Edwin Morgan (Scotland); Howard Nemerov (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Alexander Scott (Scotland)
DEATHS: Charles Edward Carryl; Louise Imogen Guiney; William Dean Howells; Dollie Radford

1921
• Mrs. Dawson-Scott founds PEN, an international Association of Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists, and Novelists
• T. S. Eliot's describes "dissociation of sensibility" as a poetic splitting of emotion from reason
• D. H. Lawrence's Tortoises
• Marianne Moore's Poems
• John Collings Squire's Collected Parodies
BIRTHS: George Mackay Brown; Hayden Carruth (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) James A. Emanuel (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Chester Kallman (US); Marie Ponsot (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Raymond Souster (Canada); Mona Van Duyn (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Richard Wilbur (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Francis William Bourdillon; Austin Dobson; Ernest Myers

1922
• T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land
• Thomas Hardy's Late Lyrics and Earlier
• James Weldon Johnson's Book of American Negro Poetry
• Claude McKay's Harlem Shadows
• Marjorie Pickthall's The Wood Carver's Wife, including "Marching Men"
• Carl Sandburg's Slabs of the Sunburnt West
• Sir William Walton's composition, Façade, a musical setting of 21 poems by Edith Sitwell
• W. B. Yeats' Later Poems
§ AWARDS:
• Edwin Arlington Robinson's Collected Poems (1921) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Kingsley Amis (April 16); Elizabeth Brewster (Canada); Donald Davie; Douglas Grant Lochhead (Canada); A. L. Hendricks (Jamaica); Jack Kerouac (US); Sidney Arthur Kilworth Keyes; Philip Larkin (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Gillespie Magee Jr. (US); Jackson Mac Low (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Eli Mandel (Canada); Vernon Scannell
DEATHS: John Kendrick Bangs; Wilfred Scawen Blunt; Henry Lawson (Australia); Alice Meynell, née Thompson; Josephine Peabody; Marjorie Pickthall; Walter Alexander Raleigh

1923
• e. e. cummings' Tulips and Chimneys
• Walter De La Mare's anthology Come Hither: A Collection of Rhymes and Poems for the Young of all Ages
• D. H. Lawrence's Birds, Beasts, and Flowers, including "Snake"
• John Masefield's Collected Poems
• Wallace Steven's Harmonium, including "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird" and "The Emperor of Ice-Cream"
• Jean Toomer's Cane
• W. B. Yeats' The Cat and the Moon, including "Leda and the Swan"
§ AWARDS:
• Edna St. Vincent Millay's The Ballad of the Harp-weaver, A Few Figs (2nd edn.), and Eight Sonnets, all published in 1922, awarded the Pulitzer Prize this year
• Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to W. B. Yeats
BIRTHS: Dannie Abse; Milton Acorn (Canada); James Dickey (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Alan Dugan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Mari Evans (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Cola Franzen (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Anthony Hecht (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Daniel Hoffman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Richard Hugo (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Denise Levertov (UK); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Logan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James Schuyler (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Louis Simpson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Wislawa Szymborska (Poland); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Maurice Henry Hewlett; Katherine Mansfield (New Zealand)

1924
• John Masefield's Sard Harker
• A. A. Milne's When We Were Very Young, for children
• Marianne Moore's Observations
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Frost's New Hampshire (1923) awarded the Pulitzer Prize
• Vita Sackville-West's The Land, winner of the Hawthornden Prize
BIRTHS: Claribel Alegría (Nicaragua); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Yehuda Amichai (Germany); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Elizabeth Bartlett; Patricia Beer; Edgar Bowers (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Dennis Brutus (South Africa); Jane Cooper (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Lauris Edmond (New Zealand); Nissim Ezekiel (India); David Ferry (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Edward Field (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Janet Frame (New Zealand); Michael Hamburger John Haines (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Zbigniew Herbert (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Lisel Mueller (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Sabine Baring-Gould; William Herbert Carruth (US); Thomas William Hodgson Crosland; Kingsley Fairbridge (South Africa); Edith Nesbit; Woodrow Wilson (US)

1925
• T. S. Eliot's Poems 1909-25, including "The Hollow Men"
• Thomas Hardy's Human Shows
• Ezra Pound's A Draft of XVI Cantos
• W. B. Yeats' A Vision
§ AWARDS:
• Edwin Arlington Robinson's The Man Who Died Twice (1924), awarded the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Philip Booth (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Theodore Enslim (US); Ian Hamilton Finlay (Scotland); Donald Justice (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Bob Kaufman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Carolyn Kizer (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kenneth Koch (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Maxine Kumin (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Gerald Stern (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Wain (March 14); Francis Webb (Australia)
DEATHS: Arthur Christopher Benson; Alfred Denis Godley; Amy Lowell (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); George Washington Cable

1926
• Langston Hughes' The Weary Blues, including "The Weary Blues"
• Hugh MacDiarmid's A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle
• Archibald MacLeish's Streets in the Moon, including "The End of the World"
• Dorothy Parker's Enough Rope
• Ezra Pound's Personae
§ AWARDS:
• Amy Lowell's What's O'Clock (1925) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: A. R. Ammons (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) James K. Baxter (New Zealand); Robert Bly (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Robert Creeley (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Marya Fiamengo (Canada); Allen Ginsberg (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Phyllis Gotlieb (Canada); Elizabeth Jennings; Christopher Logue (UK); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James Merrill (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Frank O'Hara (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James Reaney (Canada); W. D. Snodgrass (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); David Wagoner (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Ada Cambridge; Charles Montagu Doughty; Perceval Gibbon (South Africa); Eva Selena Gore-Booth; Rainer Maria Rilke, (Dec. 29), of leukemia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Francis Joseph Sherman

1927
• Gilbert Keith Chesterton's Collected Poems
• T. S. Eliot's "The Journey of the Magi"
• James Weldon Johnson's God's Promises
• James Joyce's Pomes Penyeach
• J. L. Lowes' The Road to Xanadu, a book on the composition of S. T. Coleridge's "Kubla Khan"
• Don Marquis' archie and mehitabel, a collection of vers libre poems typed by a former-poet-turned-cockroach by jumping on the keys of a typewriter
• A. A. Milne's Now We are Six
• W. B. Yeats' October Blast, including "Among School Children"
§ AWARDS:
• Leonora Speyer's Fiddler's Farewell (1926) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: John Ashbery (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Martin Carter (Guyana); Henry Coulette (US); David Diop (France); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Larry Eigner (US); Galway Kinnell (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); W. S. Merwin (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Richard Murphy (Ireland); Charles Tomlinson; Phyllis Webb (Canada); James Wright (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Emma Marie Caillard; Charles Mair

1928
• T. S. Eliot's For Lancelot Andrewes
• Thomas Hardy's Winter Words
• Carl Sandburg's Good Morning America
• Allen Tate's Mr. Pope and Other Poems, including "Ode to the Confederate Dead"
• W. B. Yeats' The Tower
§ AWARDS:
• Edwin Arlington Robinson's Tristram (1927) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Maya Angelou, aka Marguerite Annie Johnson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Bruce Beaver (Australia); Carol Bergé (US); R. F. Brissenden (Australia); Don Coles (Canada); Peter Davison (US); Irving Feldman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Donald Hall (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Thomas Kinsella (Ireland); Philip Levine (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Anne Sexton (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Alan Sillitoe; Iain Crichton Smith (Scotland); James Wright (US)
DEATHS: Edmund Gosse; Thomas Hardy; Charlotte Mary Mew, by suicide; David McKee Wright (New Zealand) Elinor Morton Hoyt Wylie

1929
• Robert Bridges' The Testament of Beauty
• Cecil Day-Lewis' Transitional Poem
• D. H. Lawrence's Pansies
• I. A. Richards' Practical Criticism: A Study in Literary Judgement
• W. B. Yeats' The Winding Stair
§ AWARDS:
• Stephen Vincent Benét's John Brown's Body (1928) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Anne Ellen Beresford; Edward Dorn (US); Ursula A. Fanthorpe; Thom Gunn (UK); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Hollander (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Richard Howard (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) X. J. Kennedy (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Patrick Montague; Ned O'Gorman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Peter Porter; Adrienne Rich (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Katharine Lee Bates; Bliss Carman; Geoffrey Anketell Studdert Kennedy

1930
• W. H. Auden's Poems
• Samuel Beckett's Whoroscope
• Hart Crane's The Bridge
• T. S. Eliot's "Ash-Wednesday"
• William Empson's Seven Types of Ambiguity, a book of criticism
• John Masefield made British Poet Laureate
§ AWARDS:
• Conrad Aitken's Selected Poems (1929) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Chinua Achebe (Nigeria); Adonis (Academy of American Poets; Syria); Edward Brathwaite (Barbados); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Gregory N. Corso (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Roy Fisher; Ted Hughes (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Mazisi Kunene (South Africa); Jon Silkin; Gary Snyder (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Anthony Thwaite; Derek Walcott (West Indies); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Robert Bridges (April 21); D. H. Lawrence (March 2), of tuberculosis

1931
• John Betjeman's Mount Zion
• Edmund Blunden publishes Wilfred Owen's poems
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Frost's Collected Poems (1930) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: P'Bitek (East Africa); Alan Charles Brownjohn; Ruth Fainlight; Etheridge Knight (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Peter Levi; Jay Macpherson (Canada); Adrienne Rich (US); Peter Chad Tigar Tomas Tranströmer (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Judith Viorst (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Katharine Hinkson, aka Katharine Tynan (Ireland); Vachel Lindsay, by suicide

1932
• W. H. Auden's The Orators
• Sterling Brown's Southern Road
• T. S. Eliot's Sweeney Agonistes and Selected Essays
• Thomas Hardy's Collected Poems
• Sir Julian Sorell Huxley's The Captive Shrew and other Poems of a Biologist
• F. R. Leavis' New Bearings in English Poetry attacks late Victorian and Georgian poetry and praises Ezra Pound, T. S. Eliot, and other modernists
• W. B. Yeats' Words for Music Perhaps
§ AWARDS:
• George Dillon's The Flowering Stone (1931) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Patrick Cullinan (South Africa); Geoffrey Hill (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Jenny Joseph; Douglas Livingstone (South Africa); George Mann MacBeth (Jan. 19); Michael McClure (US); Adrian Mitchell; Christopher Okigbo (Nigeria); Linda Pastan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sylvia Plath (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Peter William Redgrove John Updike (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Gamaliel Bradford (US); Christopher Brennan; Hubert N. W. Church; Edmund Vance Cooke (US); Hart Crane, by suicide; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Raymond Knister, by drowning; Harold Edward Monro; Clinton Scollard

1933
• W. H. Auden's The Dance of Death
• Cecil Day-Lewis' The Magnetic Mountain
• T. S. Eliot's The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism
• Gregory Grigson founds New Verse (1933-39)
• A. E. Housman's Leslie Stephen Lecture at Cambridge, "The Name and Nature of Poetry"
• D. H. Lawrence's Last Poems
• Stephen Spender's Poems
• W. B. Yeats' Collected Poems
§ AWARDS:
• Archibald MacLeish's Conquistador (1932) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Gerald William Barrax (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Maureen Duffy; Kevin Ireland (New Zealand); John Edward Mackenzie Lucie-Smith (Jamaica); Alden Nowlan (Canada); Joe Rosenblatt (Canada); Anne Stevenson; Robert Sward (Canada)
DEATHS: C. P. Cavafy (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) John Jay Chapman; Henry Van Dyke

1934
The Barretts of Wimpole Street, a film directed by Sidney Franklin, with Norman Shearer as Elizabeth Barrett and Fredric March as Robert Browning; redone in 1957, less successfully
• T. S. Eliot's The Rock
• Dylan Thomas' Eighteen Poems, including "The Force that Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower"
• William Carlos Williams' Collected Poems
• W. B. Yeats' The King of the Great Clock Tower
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Hillyer's Collected Verse (1933) wins the Pulitzer Prize
• Laurence Whistler wins the King's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
BIRTHS: Fleur Adock; Jack Agüeros (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Amiri Baraka (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Ted Berrigan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Wendell Berry (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Leonard Cohen (Canada); Kamala Das (India); Diane Di Prima (US); Henry Dumas (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Everett Le Roi Jones, aka Amiri Baraka; Hettie Jones (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Audre Lorde (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); David Malouf (Australia); Walt McDonald (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); N. Scott Momaday (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sonia Sanchez (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Wole Soyinka (Nigeria); Mark Strand (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Jean Blewett; John Henry Gray

1935
• T. S. Eliot's Murder in the Cathedral
• William Empson's Some Versions of Pastoral
• George Gershwin's musical Porgy and Bess
• Louis MacNeice's Poems
• John Masefield's Box of Delights
• Wallace Stevens' Ideas of Order
• W. B. Yeats' A Full Moon in March
§ AWARDS:
• Audrey Wurdemann's Bright Ambush (1934) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Kofi Awoonor (Ghana); Michael Benedikt (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) George Bowering (Canada); Richard Brautigan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Roque Dalton (El Salvador); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Clayton Eshleman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Patricia Lowther (Canada); Mary Oliver (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); David R. Slavitt (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Donald Michael Thomas; Charles Wright (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Jay Wright (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Alice Dunbar-Nelson; Helena Mabel Forrest; Fernando Pessoa, (Nov. 30), of cirrhosis of the liver; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Lizette Woodworth Reese; Edwin Arlington Robinson; George William Russell; Sir William Watson

1936
EDWARD VIII (-1936); GEORGE VI (-1952)
• W. H. Auden's Look, Stranger!
• T. S. Eliot's Collected Poems 1909-35, including Burnet Norton
• James Laughlin founds New Directions Press New York), which published many modern poets for the first time
• F. R. Leavis's Revaluation rejects Milton, Spenser, and Shelley and praises Donne, Pope, Hopkins, Eliot, and others
• Dorothy Parker's Not So Deep as a Well
• Michael Roberts edits The Faber Book of Modern Verse, which praises poets such as W. H. Auden and T. S. Eliot and ignores poets like Robert Frost and Thomas Hardy
• Dylan Thomas' Twenty-Five Poems, including "And Death Shall have No Dominion"
• W. B. Yeats edits The Oxford Book of Modern Verse
§ AWARDS:
• W. H. Auden wins the King's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Robert Coffin's Strange Holiness (1935) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: John Pepper Clark (Nigeria); Lucille Clifton (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Jayne Cortez (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Sandra M. Gilbert (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Elisabeth Harvor (Canada); June Jordan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Clarence Major (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Marge Piercy (US) C. K. Williams (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); David Young (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: G. K. Chesterton; Govinda Kristna Chettur; John Cornford, in the Spanish Civil War; Miguel de Unamuno (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) A. E. Housman; Rudyard Kipling, (Jan. 18); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Federico García Lorca (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Harriet Monroe, of a cerebral haemorrhage

1937
• John Betjeman's Continual Dew, including "The Arrest of Oscar Wilde at the Cadogan Hotel"
• Iowa Writers' Workshop founded by Paul Engle at the University of Iowa
• David Jones' In Parenthesis
• Isaac Rosenberg's Collected Works, posthumously published
• J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit
• the United States unofficially appoints Poet Laureates (as Poetry Consultants to the Library of Congress)
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Frost's A Further Range (1936) wins the Pulitzer Prize
• Edwin Markham wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
BIRTHS: Marvin Bell (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) John Fuller (US); Tony Harrison (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Susan Howe (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Diane Wakoski (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Eleanor Wilner (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Julian Bell, in the Spanish Civil War; Anna Branch; Ivor Gurney; Don Marquis; Edith Wharton; Constance Woodrow

1938
• Louis MacNeice's The Earth Compels
Understanding Poetry, edited by Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren (appearing thereafter in revised editions to 1976)
• W. B. Yeats' New Poems, including "Lapis Lazuli"
§ AWARDS:
• Marya Zaturenska's Cold Morning Sky (1937) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Michael Harper (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Tony Harrison; Frances Horovitz; Keroapetse Kgositsile (South Africa); Deena Linett (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Leslie Allan Murray (Australia); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Ishmael Reed (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Charles Simic (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Lascelles Abercrombie; James Weldon Johnson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Osip Mandelstam, (Dec. 7); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sir Henry John Newbolt César Vallejo, (April 15); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1939
AUSTRALIA, GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, AND NEW ZEALAND DECLARE WAR ON GERMANY (SEPT. 3)
• T. S. Eliot's Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats
Gunga Din, a film directed by George Stevens, based loosely on Rudyard Kipling's poem of the same name
Poetry London, a magazine founded by Dylan Thomas, its editor James Meary Tambimuttu, and others
• Dylan Thomas's The Map of Love
• Christopher Smart's Rejoice in the Lamb: A Song from Bedlam, posthumously edited by W. F. Stead
• W. B. Yeats' Last Poems and Two Plays
§ AWARDS:
• John Gould Fletcher's Selected Poems (1938) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Dick Allen (US); Paula Gunn Allen (US); Margaret Atwood (Academy of American Poets Web site and Canadian Poetry site; Canada); Frank Bidart (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) bill bissett (Canada); Siv Cedering (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Stephen Dunn (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Seamus Heaney (Ireland); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Michael Longley (Ireland); Patrick Lane (Canada) Dennis Lee (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); José Emilio Pacheco (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Stanley Plumly (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Primus St. John (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Quincy Troupe (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Al Young (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Rose Hartwick Thorpe; William Butler Yeats, at 73; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1940
• W. H. Auden's Another Time
• Sir John Betjeman's Old Lights for New Chancels
• T. S. Eliot's East Coker, published in New English Weekly
• Dylan Thomas' Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog
§ AWARDS:
• Michael Thwaites wins the King's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Mark Van Doren's Collected Poems (1939) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Douglas Barbour (Canada); Joseph Brodsky (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Martha Collins (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Fanny Howe (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Angela De Hoyos (US) Paul Mariani (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Pinsky (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Jack Prelutsky (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: William Henry Davies; Hamlin Garland; Edwin Markham (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Ernest Lawrence Thayer

1941
JAPAN ATTACKS PEARL HARBOR (NOV. 27)
• W. H. Auden's New Year Letters (or The Double Man)
• T. S. Eliot's The Dry Salvages, published in New English Weekly
• On September 3, 19-year-old John Gillespie Magee, Jr., flew a high-altitude test flight in a Spitfire V and afterwards wrote "High Flight" about the experience
• John Crowe Ransom's The New Criticism
§ AWARDS:
• Leonard Bacon's Sunderland Capture (1940) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 5)
BIRTHS: Billy Collins (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Toi Derricotte (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Stephen Dobyns (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Robert Hass (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Lyn Hejinian (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Gwendolyn MacEwen (Canada); Derek Mahon (Ireland), (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Simon J. Ortiz (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Lloyd Schwartz (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Stephen Yenser (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Allen Zimmerman, aka Bob Dylan
DEATHS: Frederick Robert Higgins; Aline Kilmer; James Joyce; John Gillespie Magee Jr. (US); Jiri Orten, (Aug. 30); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); A. B. (`Banjo') Paterson; Rabindranath Tagore (India)

1942
• Earle Birney's David and Other Poems
• Walter De la Mare's Collected Poems
• T. S. Eliot's Little Gidding, published in New English Weekly
• Patrick Kavanagh's The Great Hunger
• Alun Lewis' Raiders' Dawn, on a soldier's life in the World War II
§ AWARDS:
• William Rose Benét's The Dust Which is God (1941) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 4)
BIRTHS: Ama Ata Aidoo (Ghana); Mahmoud Darwish (Palestine); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Mark DeFoe (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Douglas Eaglesham Dunn (Scotland); Marilyn Hacker (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); David Henderson (US); Haki Madhubuti (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); William Matthews (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Pat Mora (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Arthur Nortje (South Africa); Sharon Olds (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Henry Taylor (US); Hugo Williams
DEATHS: William Baylebridge; Miguel Hernández (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Lucy Maud Montgomery; John Straw Nielson

1943
• Rodgers and Hammerstein's US musical Oklahoma
• Dylan Thomas's New Poems
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Frost's A Witness Tree (1942) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 3)
BIRTHS: Alfred Corn (US); Emanuel di Pasquale (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Tess Gallagher (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Sarah Getty (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Louise Glück (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Maureen Harris (Canada); Michael Ondaatje (Canada); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Michael Palmer (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James Tate (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Bill Zavatsky (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Stephen Vincent Benét, at 44 (March 13) (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Laurence Binyon; Sidney A. K. Keyes, killed in Tunisia in WW2; Radclyffe Hall; Charles G. D. Roberts; William Soutar; Bertram Warr

1944
• W. H. Auden's For the Time Being: A Christmas Oratorio
• Sir John Betjeman's New Bats in Old Belfries
• Walter De la Mare's Collected Rhymes and Verses
• H. D.'s (Hilda Dolittle's) Trilogy (1944-46), on war-time London
• T. S. Eliot's Four Quartets
§ AWARDS:
• Stephen Vincent Benét's Western Star posthumously (1943) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 1)
• Edith Henrich of Williams Bay, Wisconsin, wins the first prize of the Poetry Society of America (Jan. 2)
BIRTHS: Sandra Alcosser (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Eavan Boland (Ireland); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Paul Duncan; Susan Ioannou (Canada); Mary Kinzie (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); BP Nichol (Canada); Pedro Pietri (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Craig Anthony Raine; Linda Rogers; Alice Walker (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: John Peale Bishop; A. H. Reginald Buller; Olivia Bush; Joseph Campbell; Keith Castellain Douglas, killed in WW2 at Normandy; Stephen Leacock; Alun Lewis, killed in WW2 in Burma; Thomas Sturge Moore; Robert Malise Bowyer Nichols; Frederick George Scott

1945
THE UNITED STATES DROPS ATOMIC BOMBS ON HIROSHIMA (AUG. 6) AND NAGASAKI (AUG. 9)
• Louise Bogen holds the Library of Congress Chair of Poetry (1945-46)
• Benjamin Britten's opera Peter Grimes, based on George Crabbe's The Borough
• Randall Jarrell's Little Friend, Little Friend, including "The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner"
• Alun Lewis's Ha! Ha! Among the Trumpets, posthumously published
• Ezra Pound is arrested for treason at Genoa and imprisoned at Pisa by the US army
§ AWARDS:
• W. H. Auden wins the American Academy of Arts and Letters poetry prize (March 28)
• Karl Shapiro's V-Letter and Other Poems (1944) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 7)
BIRTHS: Terry Blackhawk (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Syl Cheyney-Coker (Sierra Leone); Wendy Cope; W. S. Di Piero (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Annie Dillard (US); Norman Dubie (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Calvin Forbes (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Bernadette Mayer (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); J.D. McClatchy (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Carol Muske-Dukes (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Alice Notley (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Anne Waldman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Tom Wayman (Canada) Adam Zagajewski (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Maurice Baring; Mary Ursula Bethell; Capel Boake; Robert Desnos (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas; Paul Valéry (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Charles Williams

1946
• W. H. Auden becomes a US citizen
• Roy Campbell's Talking Bronco
• Walter De la Mare's The Traveller
• Henry Reed's A Map of Verona, including "Naming of Parts"
• Dylan Thomas' Deaths and Entrances, including "Fern Hill" and "A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London"
• William Carlos Williams' Paterson (1946-58)
§ AWARDS:
• Ralph Hodgson wins the National Institute of Arts and Letters Award for Distinguished Achievement to a foreign poet in the US (April 29)
• Pulitzer Prize for poetry goes unawarded this year
• Ridgely Torrance wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
BIRTHS: Robert Bringhurst (Canada); Wanda Coleman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Alison Hawthorne Deming (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Larry Levis (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Thomas Lux (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Marilyn Nelson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Minnie Bruce Pratt (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Janis Rapoport ; Susan Wood (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Countee Cullen (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Ernest Rhys; Gertrude Stein, (July 27), of cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1947
• Richard Eberhart's Burr Oaks, including "The Fury of Aerial Bombardment"
• Paul Hiebert's Sara Binks, "the sweet songstess of Saskatchewan"
• Philip Larkin's A Girl in Winter
• Louis MacNeice's The Dark Tower
• Stephen Spender's Poems of Dedication
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Lowell's Lord Weary's Castle (1946) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 5)
BIRTHS: Ai (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Cheryl Clarke (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Jane Kenyon (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Yusef Komunyakaa (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Liz Lochhead (Scotland); Nathaniel Mackey (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Molly Peacock (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Charlie Smith (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Steffler (Canada); Rosemary Sullivan (Canada)
DEATHS: Richard Le Gallienne; Duncan Campbell Scott; Anna Wickham

1948
• Sir John Betjeman's Selected Poems
• Bollingen Prize for Poetry is established
• Robert Graves' The White Goddess, a "historical grammar" of poetic myth and inspiration
• Ezra Pound's Pisan Cantos
§ AWARDS:
• W. H. Auden's The Age of Anxiety (1947) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 3)
• Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to T. S. Eliot (Nov. 4)
• Percy MacKaye wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
BIRTHS: Diane Ackerman (US); Anna Couani (Australia); Lorna Crozier (Canada); R. S. Gwynn (US); Lawrence Joseph (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); David Lehman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sherod Santos (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Ntozake Shange, née Paulette Williams (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Leslie Marmon Silko (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Heather McHugh (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Frank Stanford (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Gordon Bottomley; Albert Goldbarth (US); Claude McKay; Michael William Edward Roberts

1949
• Judith Wright's Woman to Man
§ AWARDS:
• Ezra Pound's Pisan Cantos wins the Bollingen Prize (Feb. 19)
• Peter Viereck's Terror and Decorum (1948) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 2)
BIRTHS: John Agard (Guyana); Agha Shahid Ali (India); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Michael Blumenthal (US); David Bottoms (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Marilyn Bowering (Canada); Olga Broumas (US); Ralph Burns (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Pier Giorgio di Cicco (Canada); Victor Hernandez Cruz (Puerto Rico); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Bei Dao (China); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Lynn Emanuel (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Mary di Michele (Canada); Barbara Ras (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Liam Rector (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Christopher Reid (Ireland); David St. John (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Jane Urquhart (Canada) Eliot Weinberger (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); C. D. Wright (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: William Hervey Allen; Lilian Bowes-Lyon

The Beat Generation 1950-1970

1950
• W. H. Auden's Collected Shorter Poems 1930-1944
• Ezra Pound's Seventy Cantos
§ AWARDS:
• The Bollingen Prize for poetry is transferred to Yale University Library because of controversy over the award of the prize last year to Ezra Pound
• Gwendolyn Brooks' Annie Allen (1949) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 1)
• e. e. cummings wins the annual Fellowship of the Academy of American Poets (Dec. 7)
• Wallace Stevens, at 70, wins the Bollingen Prize for his entire body of work (March 27)
• William Carlos Williams wins the National Book Award for poetry for his Paterson, Book III, and Selected Poems
BIRTHS: Charles Bernstein (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Anne Carson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Frances Chung (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Theodore Deppe (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Carolyn Forché (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Dana Gioia (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Jorie Graham (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Edward Hirsch (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kim Maltan (Canada); E. Ethelbert Miller (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kenneth Sherman (Canada) Arthur Sze (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Chase Twichell (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Yau (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: William Rose Benét; John Gould Fletcher; Edgar Lee Masters (?); Edna St. Vincent Millay, at 58 (Oct. 19), of a heart attack; James Stephens

1951
• W. H. Auden's Nones
Bad Lord Byron, a film directed by David Macdonald about the Romantic poet
• Peter Mason Opie and Iona Margaret Balfour Opie publish The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes
§ AWARDS:
• Carl Sandburg's Complete Poems (1950) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 7)
• John Crowe Ransom wins the Bollingen Prize for his entire body of work (Jan. 22)
• Wallace Stevens wins the National Book Award for poetry for The Auroras of Autumn (March 6)
BIRTHS: Ralph Angel (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Robin Becker (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Ron Charach; James Galvin (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Joy Harjo (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Garrett Hongo (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Andrew Hudgins (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Peter Johnson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Brigit Pegeen Kelly (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Paul Muldoon (Ireland);(Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Afaa M. Weaver (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Wrigley (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Eddy Yanofsky (Canada) Ray A. Young Bear (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Gelett Burgess

1952
ELIZABETH I
• "concrete poetry," a phrase invented in Brazil
• David Jones' The Anathemata
• Dylan Thomas' Collected Poems 1934-52, including "Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night"
§ AWARDS:
• Padraic Colum wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Marianne Moore's Collected Poems (1951) wins the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 11) and the National Book Award for poetry (Jan. 29)
• Andrew Young wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
BIRTHS: Jimmy Santiago Baca (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Roo Borson (Canada); Judith Ortiz Cofer (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Rita Dove (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Mark Jarman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Dorianne Laux (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Andrew Motion Alberto Ríos (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Naomi Shihab Nye (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Gary Soto (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Susan Stewart (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Arthur Sheerly Cripps; Paul Eluard, at 56; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) George Santayana

1953
FRANCIS CRICK AND JAMES D. WATSON DISCOVER THE STRUCTURE OF DNA
• Sir John Betjeman's A Few Late Chrysanthemums
• Louis MacNeice's Autumn Sequel
• Wallace Stevens' Collected Poems
• J. R. R. Tolkien's The Fellowship of the Ring and The Lord of the Rings
• Melvin Tolson's Libretto for the Republic of Liberia
§ AWARDS:
• Elizabeth Bishop wins the Shelley Memorial Award of the Poetry Society of America (Jan. 5)
• Padraic Colum wins the Gregory Medal of the Irish Academy of Letters (May 23)
• Robert Frost wins the fellowship of the Academy of American Poets (March 3)
• Oliver St. John Gogarty, of Ireland, wins the Gold Medal for Service to Poetry from the Poetry Society of America (Jan. 13)
• Archibald MacLeish's Collected Poems (1952) wins the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 10), the National Book Award for poetry (Jan. 27), and the Pulitzer Prize (May 4)
• Marianne Moore wins the Gold Medal of the National Institute of Arts and Letters (May 27)
• Carl Sandburg wins the Gold Medal for Distinguished Achievement from the Poetry Society of America (Jan. 13)
• Arthur Waley wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
BIRTHS: Dionne Brand (Trinidad and Canada); Mark Doty (USA); Jane Hirshfield (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Tony Hoagland (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); David Rivard (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Andrew Schelling (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Tom Sleigh (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Rhea Tregebov (Canada) Rosanna Warren (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Franz Wright (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Hilaire Belloc, at 82 (July 6); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) from burns resulting from a fall into a fireplace; Helena Jane Coleman; George Herbert Clarke; Idris Davies; Eugene O'Neill; Dylan Thomas, at 39 (Nov. 9), from a cerebral incident; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1954
• W. H. Auden's The Shield of Achilles
• Sir John Betjeman's A Few Late Chrysanthemums
• Robert Creeley founds and edits the Black Mountain Review
• Philip Larkin's The Less Deceived
• Frank Prince's Soldiers Bathing and Other Poems
• Jon Silkin's The Peaceable Kingdom, including "Death of a Son (who died in a mental hospital aged one)"
• Dylan Thomas' Under Milk Wood is broadcast on radio on January 25
• Tolkien's The Return of the King
§ AWARDS:
• Oliver St. John Gogarty and Louise Townsend Nicholl win the fellowship of the Academy of American Poets (Jan. 28)
• W. H. Auden wins the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 10)
• Ernest Hemingway wins the Nobel Prize (Oct. 28)
• Theodore Roethke's The Waking: Poems, 1933-53 (1953) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 3)
BIRTHS: Kim Addonizio (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Catherine Anderson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Lorna Dee Cervantes (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Sandra Cisneros (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Cornelius Eady (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Linda Hull (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Jan Heller Levi (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Thylias Moss (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Erin Mouré (Canada) Luis J. Rodríguez (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Stephen Sartarelli (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Vijay Seshadri (India); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Leonard Bacon, at 66 (Jan. 1); Maxwell Bodenheim; Francis Brett Young

1955
• William Sydney Graham's The Nightfishing
§ AWARDS:
• Leonie Adams, for Poems; a Selection, and Louise Bogen, for Collected Poems 1922-53, jointly win the Bollingen Prize
• e. e. cummings wins the National Book Award for poetry for Poems: 1923-1954
• Robert Fitzgerald wins the Shelley Memorial Award of the Poetry Society of America (May 16)
• Rolfe Humphries wins the American Academy of Poets fellowship (Dec. 29)
• Ruth Pitter wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Wallace Stevens' Collected Poems (1954) wins the Pulitzer Prize
BIRTHS: Marilyn Chin (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Carol Ann Duffy Patricia Smith (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Dean Young (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Robert P. Coffin, 62 (Jan. 20); Weldon Kees (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Wallace Stevens

1956
• John Berryman's Homage to Mistress Bradstreet
• Alan Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems, a signature of the Beat Generation
• Ted Hughes and Silvia Plath marry
• Anne Lindbergh's The Unicorn, and Other Poems
• Rock and roll music begins
§ AWARDS:
• Edmund Blunden wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Elizabeth Bishop's Poems -- North & South / A Cold Spring (1955) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 7)
• William Carlos Williams wins the Fellowship of the American Academy of Poets (Dec. 28)
BIRTHS: Henri Cole (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Forrest Gander (Academy of American Poets Web site; US)
DEATHS: Edmund Clerihew Bentley, at 80 (Mar. 30); Walter De la Mare, at 83 (June 22); A. A. Milne, at 74 (Jan. 31); Percy MacKaye, at 81 (Aug. 31); Dorothy Wellesley

1957
• T. S. Eliot's On Poetry and Poets
• Ted Hughes' The Hawk in the Rain, including "The Thought Fox"
• Jay Macpherson's The Boatman
• Ogden Nash's You Can't Get There from Here
• Stevie Smith's Not Waving but Drowning
§ AWARDS:
• Conrad Aiken wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Siegfried Sassoon wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Allen Tate wins the Bollingen Prize for his life works (Jan. 13)
• Richard Wilbur's Things of this World wins the Pulitzer Prize for 1957 (May 6) as well as the National Book Award (March 13)
BIRTHS: Cyrus Cassells (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Martín Espada (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Essex Hemphill (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Li-Young Lee (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Bruce Meyer (Canada) Anthony Molino (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Joseph Warren Beach; Ignatius Roy D. Campbell (South Africa); Charles Badger Clark; Arthur R. D. Fairburn; Merrill Moore, at 54 (Sept. 20); Christopher Morley, at 66 (March 28); Oliver Joseph St John Gogarty, at 79 (Sept. 22), of a heart attack

1958
• Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws in the U.S. District Court, Washington, D.C., dismisses treason charges against Ezra Pound (April 18) after psychologists declare him insane
• John Betjeman's Collected Poems
• Brazilian manifesto for concrete poetry, which focuses on visual and other sensory qualities
• Lawrence Ferlinghetti's A Coney Island of the Mind
§ AWARDS:
• Robinson Jeffers wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• James Reaney's A Suit of Nettles, imitating Edmund Spenser's Shepheardes Calendar, wins the Governor General's award in Canada
• Robert Penn Warren's Promises: Poems 1954-1956 (1956) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 5)
BIRTHS: Anne Michaels (Canada); Andrew Waterhouse (Nov. 27)
DEATHS: Zoë Rumbold Akins, at 72 (Oct. 29); Gerald William Bullett, at 64 (Jan. 3); James Branch Cabell, at 79 (May 5); Roy Campbell; Alfred Noyes, (June 25); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert W. Service, at 84 (Sept. 11); John Collings Squire

1959
• John Berryman's Homage to Mistress Bradstreet
• Allen Ginsberg's Kaddish, written about his mentally-ill mother
• Kenneth Koch's Ko, or a Season on Earth
• Irving Layton's A Red Carpet for the Sun
• Robert Lowell's Life Studies
§ AWARDS:
Louise Bogan and Leonie Adams wins the Fellowship of the American Academy of Poets (Nov. 4)
• Frances Cornford wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Donald B. Justice wins the Lamont Poetry Selection (Nov. 4)
• Stanley Kunitz's Selected Poems 1918-1958 (1958) wins the Pulitzer Prize for 1959 (May 4)
• Theodore Roethke wins the National Book Award for Words for the Wind (March 3)
BIRTHS: Brian P. Cleary (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Laura Lush (Canada);
DEATHS: Sarah Cleghorn, at 83 (April 4); Dennis Devlin; Edgar Albert Guest, at 77 (Aug. 5), known as the "poet of the people"; Luis Palés Matos, of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Edwin Muir, at 70 (Jan. 3); Alfred Noyes Carl Phillips (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

The Movement 1960-1980

1960
• W. H. Auden's Homage to Clio
• Sir John Betjeman's Summoned by Bells
• Ted Hughes' Lupercal
• Sylvia Plath's The Colossus
§ AWARDS:
• John Betjeman wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Delmore Schwartz wins the Bollingen Prize for Summer Knowledge (Jan. 10)
• W. D. Snodgrass's Heart's Needle (1959) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 2)
• Jesse Stuart wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship Demetria Martinez (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Franklin Pierce Adams; Frances Cornford; David Diop (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Frank S. Flint; Harry Kemp, at 76 (Aug. 8) Boris Pasternak, (May 30), of lung cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1961
• Thom Gunn's My Sad Captains
• LeRoi Jones' Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Fitzgerald wins the Bollingen Translation Prize for his Homer's Odyssey (Oct. 31), the first time it is awarded
• Horace V. Gregory wins the Fellowship of the American Academy of Poets (Nov. 15)
• Randall Jarrell wins the National Book Award for The Woman at the Washington Zoo (March 14)
• Phyllis McGinley's Times Three: Selected Verse from Three Decades (1960) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 1)
• Yvor Winters wins the Bollingen Prize for his Collected Poems (Jan. 8)
BIRTHS: Gitaujali Badruddin (India) Denise Duhamel (Academy of American Poets Web site; US)
DEATHS: Hilda Doolittle ("H.D."), at 75 (Sept. 27), of a heart attack; Kenneth Fearing; Robert Hillyer; Ernest Miller Hemingway, at 61 (July 2), suicide by gunshot

1962
• the Beatles (1962-70)
• Benjamin Britten's War Requiem, including settings for Wilfred Owen's poems
• Robert Frost's In the Clearing
• Thom Gunn's My Sad Captains
• Kenneth Koch's Thank You
• Anne Sexton's All my Pretty Ones, including "The Truth the Dead Know"
§ AWARDS:
• Alan Dugan's Poems (1961) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 7) and the National Book Award (March 13)
• Richard Eberhart, for his life work, and John Hall Wheelock, for The Garden and Other Poems, jointly win the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 7)
• Edward Field wins the American Academy of Poets Lamont Poetry Selection for "Stand Up Friend, with me" (Nov. 13)
• Christopher Fry wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Richard Lattimore's The Frogs, from Aristophanes, and Robert Lowell's Imitations, jointly win the Bollingen Translation Prize (Nov. 13)
• John Crowe Ransom wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
BIRTHS: Elizabeth Alexander (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Paul Beatty (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Stacy Doris (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Julia Kasdorf (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Virgil Suárez (Cuba); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Richard Aldington; e. e. cummings, at 67 (Sept. 3), of a stroke; William Faulkner, at 64 (July 6), of a heart attack; Wilfrid Wilson Gibson; Mary Gilmore; Ralph Edwin Hodgson; John Robinson Jeffers (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1963
• Philip Hobsbaum and Edward Lucie-Smith edit A Group Anthology
• Silvia Plath's The Bell Jar, an autobiographical novel published under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas
The Raven, a film directed by Roger Corman, starring Vincent Price, and loosely based on Edgar Allan Poe's poem of the same name
§ AWARDS:
• William C. Plomer wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Ezra Pound and Allen Tate win the American Academy of Poets Fellowship (Sept. 4)
• William Stafford wins the National Book Award for Traveling through the Dark (March 12)
• William Carlos Williams' Pictures from Brueghel (1962) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 6), and he wins the American Academy of Arts and Letters gold medal (May 22)
BIRTHS: Claudia Rankine (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Robert Frost, at 88 (Jan. 29); Christopher Vernon Hassall; Louis MacNeice, at 55 (Sept.3), of pneumonia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sylvia Plath, by suicide; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Theodore Roethke (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); William Carlos Williams, at 79 (March 4)

1964
• Sir John Betjeman's Ring of Bells
• Leonard Cohen's Flowers for Hitler, including "The Only Tourist in Havana Turns his Thoughts Homeward"
• Philip Larkin's Whitsun Weddings
• Robert Lowell's For the Union Dead
§ AWARDS:
• Elizabeth Bishop wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• John Crowe Ransom wins the National Book Award for Selected Poems (March 10)
• Louis Simpson's At the End of the Open Road (1963) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 4)
• Rev. Ronald S. Thomas wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
BIRTHS: Rafael Campo (Academy of American Poets Web site; US)
DEATHS: Clive Bell; Zora Cross; E. J. Pratt, at 81 (April 26); Edith Sitwell, at 77 (Dec. 9), of a heart attack

1965
• Bob Dylan's album Highway 61 Revisited
• Seamus Heaney's Death of a Naturalist
• Philip Larkin's The Whitsun Weddings
• Sylvia Plath's Ariel, including "Daddy," published posthumously
• Jon Silkin's Nature with Man
• Meic Stephens founds Poetry Wales
• Melvin Tolson's Harlem Gallery
§ AWARDS:
• John Berryman's 77 Dream Songs (1964) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 3)
• Richard Dickey's Buckdancer's Choice wins the National Book Award for Poetry
• Philip Larkin wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Marianne Moore wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Theodore Roethke posthumously wins the National Book Award for The Far Field (March 9)
BIRTHS: R. M. Vaughan (Canada)
DEATHS: Joseph Auslander, at 67 (June 22), of a heart attack; Richard Blackmur, at 61 (Feb. 2); Nancy Cunard; T. S. Eliot, at 76 (Jan. 4); Eleanor Farjeon; Randall Jarrell, at 51 (Oct. 14), in a highway accident; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Timothy Liu (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1966
• Basil Bunting's Briggflatts
• James Dickey serves as poetry consultant to the Library of Congress, 1966-68
• Josephine Jacobsen's The Animal Inside
• LeRoi Jones' Black Art
• Raymond Souster founds the League of Canadian Poets
• Anthony Thwaite and John Hollander publish the first anthology of double dactyls, Jiggery Pokery
§ AWARDS:
• Richard Eberhart's Selected Poems 1930-65 (1965) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 2)
• Archibald MacLeish and John Berryman win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• William Meredith wins the National Institute of Arts and Letters Loines Award for poetry (March 23)
BIRTHS: Sherman Alexie (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Maurice Manning (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Michael Redhill (Canada) Natasha Trethewey (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Anna Andreyevna Akhmatova (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Berton Braley, at 83 (Jan. 23); Raymond Duncan, at 91 (Aug. 14); Georgia Douglas Johnson, at 86 (May 14), of a stroke; Alfred Kreymborg, at 82 (Aug. 14); Mina Loy; Frank O'Hara (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); W. W. E. Ross; Delmore Schwartz, at 52 (July 11), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Melvin Tolson; Henry Treese, at 55 (June 10); Arthur David Waley

1967
• Margaret Atwood's The Circle Game
• the Beatles' Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts' Club Band (recording)
• C. Day-Lewis made British Poet Laureate
• Ted Hughes' Wodwo
• the Liverpool poets: Adrian Henri, Roger McGough, and Brian Patten
• Wole Soyinka's Idanre, and Other Poems
§ AWARDS:
• A. R. Ammons wins the Fellowship of the American Academy of Arts and Letters (May 24)
• Charles Causley wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• James Merrill wins the National Book Award for Nights and Days (March 8)
• Anne Sexton's Live or Die, to win the Pulitzer Prize for 1967 (May 1)
• Mark Van Doren wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Robert Penn Warren wins the Bollingen Prize for his Selected Poems (Feb. 5)
BIRTHS: Saskia Hamilton (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Karen Volkman (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: David C. DeJong, at 62 (Sept. 5); Langston Hughes, at 65 (May 22), of heart failure; Patrick Kavanagh, at 62 (Nov. 30), of pneumonia; Margaret Larkin, at 67 (May 8); John Masefield, at 88 (May 12); Thomas MacGreevy; Christopher Okigko; Dorothy Parker, at 73 (June 7), of a heart attack; V. Penelope Pelizzon (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Carl Sandburg, at 89 (July 22), of a heart attack; Siegfried Sassoon, at 80 (Sept. 1); Odel Shepard, at 82 (July 19); Jean Toomer (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Vernon Watkins

1968
• Cecil Day-Lewis is named British Poet Laureate (Jan. 1)
• LeRoi Jones and Larry Neal co-edit Black Fire, an anthology of African-American poetry
§ AWARDS:
• W. H. Auden wins the gold medal of the National Institute of Arts and Letters (May 28)
• Robert Bly's The Light around my Body wins the National Book Award (March 6)
• Gwendolyn Brooks succeeds Carl Sandburg as Poet Laureate of Illinois
• Robert Graves wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Anthony Hecht's The Hard Hours (1967) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 6) and he also wins the Loines Award (May 28)
• Stanley Kunitz wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
BIRTHS: Nan Cohen (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Michael Teig (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Witter Bynner, at 86 (June 1); Donald Davidson, at 74 (April 26); George Hill Dillon, at 62 (May 9); Mervyn Laurence Peake; Salvatore Quasimodo, (June 14); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sir Herbert Edward Read, at 74 (June 12); Winfield Townley Scott, at 58 (April 28); David Stacton, at 42 (Jan. 20); Yvor Winters, at 67 (Jan. 25); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1969
MOON-WALK and the ARPANET
• W. H. Auden's City without Walls
• Sir Arthur Bliss' cantata The world is charged with the grandeur of God, from Gerard Manley Hopkins' sonnet of the same first line
• Louise Bogan publishes The Blue Estuaries and retires after 38 years as poetry critic for The New Yorker (Dec.)
• Lucille Clifton's Good Times, selected as one of the year's best books by The New York Times
• Donald Davies' Essex Poems
• Seamus Heaney's Door into the Dark
• LeRoi Jones's Black Magic: Poetry, 1961-1967
• Wole Soyinka's Poems from Prison
§ AWARDS:
• Samuel Beckett awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
• Richard Eberhart and Anthony Hecht win the fellowship of the American Academy of Poets (Feb. 13)
• George Oppen's Of Being Numerous (1968) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 5)
• Karl Shapiro's Selected Poems and John Berryman's His Toy, His Dream, His Rest win the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 5), and Berryman also wins the National Book Award for his book (March 10)
• Stevie Smith wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
BIRTHS: natalie wilson (Canada) Davis McCombs (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Floyd Bell, at 82 (July 23), of a heart ailment; Charles Edison, aka Tom Sleeper, at 78 (July 31), of heart failure; Rolfe Humphries, at 74 (April 22), of emphysema; Sir Osbert Sitwell, at 76 (May 4), of a heart attack

1970
• Margaret Atwood's The Journals of Susanna Moodie
• Noël Coward knighted
• Ted Hughes' Crow
• LeRoi Jones' It's Nation Time
• Michael Ondaatje's The Collected Works of Billy the Kid
• Ezra Pound's Drafts and Fragments of Cantos CX to CXVII
• Henry Reed's "The Naiming of Parts," published in his The Lessons of War
Tomfoolery, an animated film directed by Joy Batchelor and John Halas, based on the nonsense verse of Edward Lear (especially "The Courtship of the Yonghy-Bonghy-Bo") and Lewis Carroll
§ AWARDS:
• Elizabeth Bishop's Complete Poems wins the National Book Award (March 2)
• Roy Fuller wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Richard Howard's Untitled Subjects (1969) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 4)
• Howard Nemerov wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
BIRTHS: Brenda Shaughnessy (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); nathalie stephens (Canada) Kevin Young (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Louise Bogan, at 72 (Feb. 4); Paul Celan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Mary Phelps Crosby; Edsel Ford, at 41 (Feb. 19); Lorine Niedecker (Dec 31); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Arthur Nortje; Charles Olson, of cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); John Dos Passos

1971
• Dick Allen's Anon and Various Time Machine Poems
• Maya Angelou's Just Give Me a Cool Glass of Water 'Fore I Diie
The Canterbury Tales, a film directed by Pier Paulo Pasolini, providing a soft-pornographic, controversial version of four tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
• Josephine Jacobsen is named Poetry Consultant to the Library of Congress
Right On!, a film directed by Herbert Danska, of poetry recitations with bongo accompaniments on New York city streets (April 8)
§ AWARDS:
• Geoffrey Hill's Mercian Hymns wins a Whitbread Literary award
• W. S. Merwin's The Carrier of Ladders (1970) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 3)
• Stephen Spender wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Richard P. Wilbur's Walking to Sleep and Mona Van Duyn's To See, To Take win the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 10); and Van Duyn also wins the National Book Award for her book (March 2)
• James Wright wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
DEATHS: Clifford Dyment; Lenore G. Marshall, at 72 (Sept. 9); Ogden Nash, at 68 (May 19); Giorgos Seferis (Sept. 21); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Stevie Smith, of a brain tumor; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Alexander Young

1972
• Sir John Betjeman made British Poet Laureate (Oct. 10)
• LeRoi Jones' Spirit Reach (as Amiri Imamu Baraka, a Black Muslim)
• Mervyn Laurence Peake's A Book of Nonsense
• Wole Soyinka's A Shuttle in the Crypt
§ AWARDS:
• Frank O'Hara's Collected Poems and Howard Moss's Selected Poems win the National Book Award (April 11)
• W. D. Snodgrass wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• James Wright's Collected Poems (1971) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 1)
DEATHS: James K. Baxter; John Berryman, at 57 (Jan. 7), of suicide (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Padraic Colum, at 90 (Jan. 11); Cecil Day-Lewis, at 68 (May 22); Eileen Duggan; Robert Fletcher, at 87 (Nov. 20), poet of "Don't Fence Me In"; Paul Goodman, of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) A. M. Klein, at 63 (Aug. 21); Marianne Craig Moore, at 84 (Feb. 5); Kenneth Patchen, at 60 (Jan. 8), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Ezra Pound, at 87 (Nov. 1), of an intestinal blockage; Gladys Schmitt, 63 (Oct. 3); Mark Van Doren, 78 (Dec. 10); Andrew John Young

1973
• Derek Walcott's Another Life
§ AWARDS:
• A. R. Ammons's Collected Poems wins the National Book Award (April 10)
• John Heath-Stubbs wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Maxine Kumin's Up Country: Poems of New England (1972) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 7)
• James Merrill wins the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 7)
• W. S. Merwin wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
BIRTHS: Ben Doyle (Academy of American Poets Web site; US)
DEATHS: Conrad Aiken (Academy of American Poets Web site; US), at 84 (Aug. 17), of a heart attack; Kenneth Allott; W. H. Auden, at 66 (Sept. 28); Arna Bontemps, at 70 (June 4), of a heart attack (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Charles Brasch; Noël Coward, at 73 (March 26), of a heart attack; Ramon Guthrie, at 77 (Nov. 22); Pablo Neruda, (Sept 23), of leukemia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); J. R. R. Tolkien, at 81 (Sept. 2); Francis Webb

1974
• David Jones' The Sleeping Lord
• Philip Larkin's High Windows
• Bruce Springsteen's song "Born to Run"
§ AWARDS:
• Léonie Adams wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Allen Ginsberg's The Fall of America and Adrienne Rich's Diving into the Wreck win the National Book Award (April 18)
• Ted Hughes wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Robert T. S. Lowell Jr.'s The Dolphin (1973) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 7)
DEATHS: Edmund Clarke Blunden; Jacob Bronowski, at 66 (Aug. 22); Austin Clarke; Julian Davis, at 72 (Sept. 6), the gold-miner poet of "Cripple Creek Poem Poke" David Jones, at 78 (Oct. 28); Ogden Nash, (May 19); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Tyler Parker, 70 (July 24); John Crowe Ransom, at 86 (July 5); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Eric Roach; Anne Sexton, at 45 (Oct. 4), of suicide; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1975
• Maya Angelou's Oh Pray My Wings are Gonna Fit Me Well
• Kenneth Koch's The Art of Love
• Stevie Smith's Collected Poems
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Hayden wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Gary Snyder's Turtle Island wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 5)
BIRTHS: Tony Tost (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);
DEATHS: Roque Dalton, executed; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Lloyd Frankenberg, at 67 (March 12); Sir Julian Sorell Huxley; Chester Kallman, at 53 (Jan. 18); Patricia Lowther, murdered; Sir Francis Meynell, at 84 (July 10); Sydney Goodsir Smith; Stanley Young, at 69 (March 22)

1976
• Marya Fiamengo's In Praise of Older Women
• Thom Gunn's Jack Straw's Castle
• Two poems written in 1965 by Mao Tse-tung just before the cultural revolution, including "Two Birds: A Dialogue," are published on Jan. 1 (Facts on File 36 [1976]: 9)
• Derek Walcott's Sea Grapes
§ AWARDS:
• John Ashbery's Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (1975) wins the Pulitzer Prize (May 3) and the National Book Award (April 19)
• Alex Derwent Hope wins the Robert Frost Award for Poetry
• J. V. Cunningham wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
DEATHS: Benjamin Britten; Anne Elder; Richard A. W. Hughes; James McAuley; Charles Reznikoff, (Jan. 22); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Louis Sissman, at 48 (March 10), of Hodgkin's disease (March 10)

1977
• Samuel Beckett's Collected Poems in English and French
• Joseph Brodsky's A Part of Speech
• Donald Davies' To Scorch or Freeze
Gay News is successfully prosecuted for blasphemy and libel for publishing James Kirkup's "The love that dares to speak its name"
• Ted Hughes' Gaudete
§ AWARDS:
• Louise Coxe wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Richard Eberhardt's Collected Poems wins the National Book Award (April 11)
• James Merrill's Divine Comedies (1976) wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 18)
• Norman Nicholson wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
DEATHS: Gitaujali Badruddin; Katherine C. Biddle, at 87 (Dec. 30); Elizabeth Daryush; Robert Lowell, at 60 (Sept. 12), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Louis Untermeyer, at 92 (Dec. 18)

1978
• Maya Angelou's And Still I Rise
• Craig Raine's The Onion, Memory
Stevie, a film directed by Robert Enders, based on Hugh Whitemore's play about the poet Stevie Smith, played here by Glenda Jackson
§ AWARDS:
• Josephine Miles wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Howard Nemerov's Collected Poems (1977) wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 17) and the National Book Award (April 10)
DEATHS: Faith Baldwin, at 84 (March 19); Martin Bell; Gilbert Highet, at 71 (Jan. 20), of cancer; Hugh MacDiarmid; Phyllis McGinley, at 72 (Feb. 22) (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Frank Stanford, at 29 (June 3), by suicide; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sylvia Townsend Warner; John Hall Wheelock, at 91 (March 22); Louis Zukofsky, at 74 (May 12)

1979
• one copy of William Blake's Songs of Innocence and Experience (1789) fetches £70,000 in London
• Ted Hughes' Moor Town
• Craig Raine's A Martian Sends a Postcard Home
• Derek Walcott's The Star-Apple Kingdom
§ AWARDS:
• James Merrill's Mirabell: Books of Numbers wins the National Book Award (April 23)
• Mark Strand and May Swenson win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Robert Penn Warren's Now and Then wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 16)
DEATHS: Elizabeth Bishop, at 68 (Oct. 6), from an aneurism; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) I. A. Richards; Allen Tate, at 79 (Feb. 9), of emphysema; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

Postmoderns 1980-

1980
• Derek Walcott's The Star-Apple Kingdom
§ AWARDS:
• Donald Justice's Selected Poems wins the Pulitzer Prize for 1980 (April 14)
• Mona Van Duyn wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
DEATHS: Robert Hayden, at 66 (Feb. 25), of a heart ailment; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Julia Reynolds, at 98 (Nov. 28); Muriel Rukeyser, at 66 (Feb. 12), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); A. J. M. Smith; James Wright, at 52 (March 25), of cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1981
§ AWARDS:
• Kenneth Burke wins the National Medal for Literature (April 30)
• Dennis J. Enright wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Richard Hugo wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Howard Nemerov and May Swenson win the Pulitzer Prize
• James Schuyler's The Morning of the Poem wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 13)
DEATHS: Isabella Stewart Gardner; John Glassco; Robert Garioch; Eugenio Montale, at 85; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Helen Steiner Rice, at 80 (April 23), greeting-card poet

1982
• Margaret Avison's Winter Sun / The Dumbfounding: Poems 1940-66
• Gitaujali Badruddin's Poems of Gitaujali, posthumously published
• Louise Simone Bennett's Selected Poems
• Dylan Thomas was posthumously honoured by a floor plaque in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey (March 1)
§ AWARDS:
• John Ashbery and John Frederick Nims win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• William Bronk receives the American Book Award for Life Supports (April 27)
• Sylvia Plath's Collected Poems (1981), introduced by Ted Hughes, wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 12)
DEATHS: Dyuna Barnes, at 90 (June 18); P'Bitek; Babette Deutsch, at 87 (Nov. 13); Horace Gregory, at 83 (March 11); Richard Hugo, at 58 (Oct. 22), of leukemia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Archibald MacLeish, at 89 (April 20); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kenneth Rexroth, at 76 (June 6), of a heart ailment; Edgell Rickword; Maria Zaturenska, at 80 (Jan. 19), of heart failure

1983
• Maya Angelou's Shaker, Why Don't You Sing?
• Elizabeth Bishop's Collected Poems 1927-1979, published posthumously
• Amy Clampitt's Kingfisher
§ AWARDS:
• Philip Booth and James Schuyler win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Anthony E. Hecht and John Hollander win the Bollingen Prize
• Galway Kinnell's Selected Poems wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 18)
• Kinnell's collection and Charles Wright's Country Music win the American Book Award (April 28)
DEATHS: Ted Berrigan, at 48 (July 4) (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Edwin Denby, at 80 (July 12), by suicide; R. Buckminster Fuller, at 87 (July 1), of a heart attack; Frances Horovitz; Alden Nolan; Robert Payne, at 71 (Feb. 18)

1984
• Seamus Heaney's Station Island
• Philip Larkin turns down the British Poet Laureateship, and Ted Hughes becomes Poet Laureate (Dec. 19)
• Craig Raine's Rich
• Bruce Springsteen's "Born in the USA" and "Glory Days"
§ AWARDS:
• Robert Francis and Richard Lattimore win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Mary Oliver's American Primitive wins the Pulitzer Prize for 1984 (April 16)
DEATHS: Sir John Betjeman, at 77 (May 19), of Parkinson's disease; Richard Brautigan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Sir William Empson, at 77 (April 15); Jorge Guillén (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Richard Lattimore, at 77 (Feb. 26), of cancer; George Oppen, at 76 (July 2), of Alzheimer's disease; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Hal Porter, at 73 (Sept. 29); Jesse Stewart, at 76 (Feb. 17), of a stroke

1985
• Amy Clampitt's What the Light was Like
• Douglas Eaglesham Dunn's Elegies
• Robert Hayden's Collected Poems, posthumously published
• Stephen Spender's Collected Poems 1947-80
§ AWARDS:
• John Ashbury and Fred Chappell win the Bollingen Prize for their life's works (Jan. 15)
• Amy Clampitt and Maxime Kumin win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Douglas Dunn's Elegies wins a Whitbread literary award (Jan. 28)
• Carolyn Kizer's Yin wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 24)
• Norman MacCaig wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Sharon Olds's The Dead and the Living wins the National Book Critics Circle award (Jan. 14)
DEATHS: Basil Bunting, at 85 (April 17); J. V. Cunningham (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Robert Graves, at 90; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Stuart Fitzgerald, at 74 (Jan. 16); Robert Graves, at 90 (Dec. 7); Geoffrey Grigson, at 80 (Nov. 25); Alfred Hayes, at 74 (Aug. 14), of menengitis, poet of the labor song "Joe Hill"; Philip Larkin, at 63 (Dec. 2), of throat cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Josephine Miles, of pneumonia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Nathan, at 91 (May 25), of kidney failure; Francis Reginald Scott, at 85 (Jan. 31)

1986
• Wendy Cope's Making Cocoa for Kingsley Amis becomes a best-seller
• the Pforzheimer Collection of the works of Percy Bysshe Shelley and his circle is donated to the New York Public Library (Dec. 18)
• US President Ronald Reagan demonstrates the educational value of memorization by reciting lines from Robert Service's "The Cremation of Sam McGee" (March 4)
• Robert Penn Warren, first US Poet Laureate, 1986-87 (Jan. 26)
§ AWARDS:
• Afrikaner poet Breten Breytenbach wins the Rapport Prize in South Africa (April 12)
• Irving Feldman and Howard Moss win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Louise Gluck's The Triumph of Achilles wins the National Book Critics Circle Award (Feb. 17)
• Peter Reading's Stet wins the Whitbread Poetry Award
• Adrienne Rich wins the Lilly Prize (June 6);
• Wole Soyinka wins the Nobel Prize (Oct. 16)
• Henry Taylor's The Flying Change wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 17)
DEATHS: Milton Acorn, at 63 (Aug. 20); John Ciardi, at 69 (March 30), of a heart attack; Elizabeth Coatsworth, at 93 (Aug. 31); William Sydney Graham; Brion Gysin, at 70 (July 13); Bob Kaufman, at 60 (Jan. 12), of emphysema; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Henry Reed, at 72 (Dec. 8); Elizabeth Smart, at 72 (March); Rex Warner

1987
• Maya Angelou's Now Sheba Sings the Song
• U.S. Supreme Court Justices William J. Brennan, Jr., Harry A. Blackman, and John Paul Stevens rule unanimously that Shakespeare's sonnets were written by Shakespeare, not by Edward de Vere, earl of Oxford (Sept. 25)
• Richard Wilbur, US Poet Laureate, 1987-88 (April 17)
• Jay Wright's Selected Poems
§ AWARDS:
• Joseph Brodsky (a US citizen from 1972) wins the Nobel Prize for literature (Oct. 22)
• Alfred Corn and Josephine Jacobsen win the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Rita Dove's Thomas and Beulah wins the Pulitzer Prize for poetry (April 16)
• Seamus Heaney's The Haw Lantern wins the Whitbread literary award
• Edward Hirsch's Wild Gratitude wins the National Book Critics Circle award (Jan. 12)
• Stanley Kunitz wins the Bollingen Prize (Feb. 10)
• Philip Levine wins the Lilly Prize (July 4)
DEATHS: Richard Lehmann; John Logan, (Nov. 6); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Howard Moss, poetry editor of The New Yorker, at 65 (Sept. 16), from a heart attack; Glenway Wescott, at 85 (Feb. 22), from a stroke

1988
• Joseph Brodsky's To Urania
• Philip Larkin's Collected Poems
• Howard Nemerov becomes US Poet Laureate (May 16)
§ AWARDS:
• Anthony Hecht wins the Lilly Prize (June 3)
• Donald Justice wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• William Meredith's Partial Accounts wins the Pulitzer Prize (March 31)
• Peter Porter's The Automatic Oracle wins a Whitbread literary award
• Derek Walcott wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• C. K. Williams' Flesh and Blood wins the National Book Critics Circle Award (Jan. 11)
DEATHS: Léonie Fuller Adams (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Sterling Brown; Henry Coulette; Robert Duncan, at 69 (Feb. 3), of a heart attack; John Clellon Holmes, at 62 (March 30), of cancer; Miguel Pinero, at 41 (June 16), of cirrhosis of the liver; Sir Sacheverell Sitwell, at 90 (Oct. 1)

1989
The Dead Poets Society, a film directed by Peter Weir, with a screenplay by Tom Schulman and excerpts from many traditional poets, ending with the title and opening line of Walt Whitman's lament on the death of Abraham Lincoln, "O Captain! My Captain!"
• Edward Dorn's The Gunslinger
• Rita Dove's Grace Notes
My Left Foot, a film directed by Jim Sheridan about Christy Brown, the Irish poet, and based on his autobiography
• Howard Nemerov, US Poet Laureate, 1988-90
§ AWARDS:
• Edgar Bowers is awarded the Bollingen Prize for For Louis Pasteur
• Allen Curnow wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Michael Donaghy's Shibboleth wins the Whitbread Poetry Award
• Donald Hall's The One Day wins the National Book Critics Circle award (July 9)
• Richard Howard wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Mona Van Duyn wins the Lilly Prize (June 2)
• Richard Wilbur's New and Collected Poems wins the Pulitzer Prize (March 30)
DEATHS: Richard Willard Armour, at 82 (Feb. 28), of Parkinson's disease; Sterling Allen Brown, at 87 (Jan. 13), of leukemia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) May Swenson (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Robert Penn Warren, at 84 (Sept. 15), of cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1990
• Maya Angelou's I Shall Not be Moved
• Allen Ginsberg is crowned Majelis King in Prague on May Day
• Mark Strand, US Poet Laureate, 1990-91 (May 25)
§ AWARDS:
• Hayden Carruth wins the Lilly Prize (June 1)
• Paul Durcan's Daddy, Daddy wins the Whitbread Poetry Prize
• Rodney Jones' Transparent Gestures wins the National Book Critics Circle award (Feb. 12)
• Sorley Maclean wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• William Meredith wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• James Merrill's The Inner Room wins the Library of Congress Bobbitt National Prize (Oct. 26)
• Charles Simic's The World Doesn't End wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 12)
DEATHS: Frances Chung (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Lawrence George Durrell

1991
• W. H. Auden's Collected Poems
• Joseph Brodsky, US Poet Laureate, 1991-92 (May 10)
• Wendy Cope's best-selling Serious Concerns
§ AWARDS:
• Amy Gerstler wins the National Book Critics Circle Award
• Laura Riding Jackson's The Word "Women" and other Related Writings and Donald Justice's New and Selected Poems win the Bollingen Prize (Jan. 30)
• Philip Levine's What Work Is wins the National Book Award (Nov. 20)
• Michael Longley's Gorse Fires wins the Whitbread Poetry Prize
• J. D. McClatchy wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Mona Van Duyn's Near Changes wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 9)
• David Wagoner wins the Lilly Prize
• Judith Wright wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
DEATHS: George Barker; R. F. Brissenden; Paul Engle; Roy Fuller; Etheridge Knight (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Howard Nemerov, at 71 (July 5), of cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Laura Riding Jackson, at 90 (Sept. 2), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James Schuyler, at 67 (April 12), of a stroke (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1992
• Mona Van Duyn, US Poet Laureate, 1992-93 (June 14)
§ AWARDS:
• John Ashbery wins the Lilly Prize
• Albert Goldbarth's Heaven and Earth: A Cosmology wins the National Book Critics Circle Award (Feb. 14)
• Thom Gunn's The Man with Night Sweats, about AIDS, wins the Forward Prize for Best Poetry Collection (UK and Eire)
• Tony Harrison's The Gaze of the Gorgon wins the Whitbread Poetry Prize
• Mary Oliver's New and Selected Poems wins the National Book Award for poetry (Nov. 18)
• Adrienne Rich wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• James Tate's Selected Poems (1991) wins the Pulitzer Prize for 1992 (April 7)
• Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to Derek Walcott (Oct. 8)
DEATHS: Kenneth Burke; George MacBeth (Feb. 16), of motor neuron disease; Robert W. V. Gittings; Audre Lorde (aka Gamba Adisa; Nov. 17), of liver cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Eve Merriam, (née Moskowitz; April 11), of cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1993
• Maya Angelou reads "On the Pulse of Morning" at the inauguration of President William Clinton (Jan. 20)
Bound by Honor, a film directed by Taylor Hackford, based on the life of poet Jimmy Santiaga Baca, who co-wrote the screenplay
• Geoffrey Dearmer's A Pilgrim's Song: Selected Poems
• Rita Dove, 7th US Poet Laureate, 1993-95 (May 18)
Poetic Justice, a film directed by John Singleton: Maya Angelou's poetry is featured, and she appears as Aunt June
• Bruce Springsteen's "Streets of Philadelphia"
§ AWARDS:
• A. R. Ammons' Garbage wins the National Book Award for poetry
• Hayden Carruth's Collected Poems 1946-1991 wins the National Book Critics Circle poetry award (Feb. 28)
• Ciaran Carson's First Language wins the T. S. Eliot Prize
• Carol Ann Duffy's Mean Time wins the Forward Prize for Best Poetry Collection and the Whitbread Poetry Prize
• Louise Glück's The Wild Iris (1992) wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 13)
• Stanley Kunitz wins the National Medal of Arts (Oct. 7)
• Kathleen Raine wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Gerald Stern wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Mark Strand's Dark Harbor wins the Bollingen Prize
• Charles Wright wins the Lilly Poetry Prize (May 4)
DEATHS: William Stafford, (Aug. 28); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1994
Four Weddings and a Funeral, a film directed by Mike Newell in which W. H. Auden's "Stop all the clocks" is read as a eulogy
• Craig Raine's History: The Home Movie
• John Wain's Hungry Generations
§ AWARDS:
• Gwendolyn Brooks wins the National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contributions to American Letters for her Annie Allen (Nov. 16)
Mark Doty's My Alexandria wins the National Book Critics Circle Award (Feb. 13)
• James Fenton's Out of Danger wins the Whitbread Poetry Prize
• David Ferry wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Donald Hall wins the Lilly Poetry Prize
• Alan Jenkins' Harm wins the Forward Prize for Best Poetry Collection
• Yusef Komunyakaa's Neon Vernacular (1993) wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 12)
• W. S. Merwin wins the Academy of American Poets Tanning Prize (Sept. 29)
• Paul Muldoon's The Annals of Chile wins the T. S. Eliot Prize
• James Tate's Worshipful Company of Fletchers wins the National Book Award for poetry (Nov. 16)
• Richard Wilbur wins the National Medal of Arts (Oct. 14)
DEATHS: Charles Bukowski, of leukemia (March 9); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Amy Clampitt, (Sept. 10), of ovarian cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Linda Hull, in an automobile accident; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Peter Quennel; John Wain (May 24), of a stroke

1995
• Robert Hass is named US Poet Laureate 1995-97 (May 7)
• Jim Mays, head of English at University College, Dublin, announces that 300 poems by S. T. Coleridge have been discovered (Feb. 16)
• Sotheby's uncovers four Walt Whitman notebooks (Feb. 17)
§ AWARDS:
• A. R. Ammons wins the Lilly Poetry Prize (April 26)
• Gwendolyn Brooks wins the National Medal of Arts (Oct. 5)
Mark Doty's My Alexandria wins the T. S. Eliot Prize
• Seamus Heaney wins the Nobel Prize for Literature (Oct. 5)
• Kenneth Koch's One Train wins the Bollingen Prize (Feb. 6)
• Stanley Kunitz's Passing Through: The Later Poems, New and Selected wins the National Book Award for poetry
• Denise Levertov wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Philip Levine's Simple Truth (1994) wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 18)
• Sean O'Brien's Ghost Train wins the Forward Prize for Best Poetry Collection
• Bernard O'Donoghue's Gunpowder wins the Whitbread Poetry Prize
• Mark Rudman's Rider wins the National Book Critics Circle poetry award (Feb. 26)
• James Tate wins the Academy of American Poets Tanning Prize (Sept. 19)
DEATHS: Kingsley Amis, at 73 (Oct. 22), after an accidental fall; Donald Davie, at 73 (Sept. 18), of cancer; Essex Hemphill, from complications relating to AIDS; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Helene Johnson (July 7), after osteoporosis; Jane Kenyon, (April), of leukemia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James Merrill, at 68 (Feb. 6), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); May Sarton, at 83 (July 16), of breast cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Sir Stephen Spender, at 86 (July 16), of a heart ailment; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1996
Dead Man, a film directed by Jim Jarmusch about a man named William Blake who goes on a trek through the western US and is taken by a character named Nobody as the resurrected Romantic poet
§ AWARDS:
• Hayden Carruth's Scrambled Eggs & Whiskey: Poems 1991-1995 wins the National Book Award (Nov. 6)
• John Fuller's Stones and Fires wins the Forward Prize for Best Poetry Collection
• Jorie Graham's The Dream of the Unified Field (1995) wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 9)
• Seamus Heaney's The Spirit Level wins the Whitbread Prize (Jan. 21, 1997)
• William Matthews' Time & Money wins the National Book Critics Circle poetry award (March 21)
• Sir Les Murray's Subhuman Redneck Poems wins the T. S. Eliot Prize
• Peter Redgrove wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Adrienne Rich wins the Tanning Prize
• Gerald Stern wins the Lilly Prize
• Jay Wright wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
DEATHS: Joseph A. Brodsky (Jan. 28), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) George M. Brown, at 74 (April 13); Geoffrey Dearmer, at 103 (Aug. 18); Larry Levis, at 49, of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Mina Loy (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1997
• Miller Williams of Arkansas reads his poem, "Of History and Hope," at the inauguration of President Clinton (Jan. 20)
Regeneration, a film based on Pat Barker's novel of the same name, about the World War I poets Wilfred Owen and Siegfried Sassoon
Wilde, a film directed by Brian Gilbert, on the life of Oscar Wilde
• Robert Pinsky becomes new US Poet Laureate, 1997-2000
§ AWARDS:
• John Haines wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Robert Hass' Sun under Wood wins the Book Critics Circle Award (March 18)
• Anthony Hecht wins the Tanning Prize
• Ted Hughes wins the Whitbread Award for Tales from Ovid (Jan. 27, 1998)
• William Matthew wins the Lilly Prize
• William Meredith's Effort at Speech wins the National Book Award (Nov. 18)
• Lisel Mueller's Alive Together: New and Selected Poems (1996) wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 7)
• Gary Snyder's Mountains and Rivers without End wins the Bollingen Prize
DEATHS: James Dickey, at 73 (Jan. 19); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Allen Ginsberg, at 70, of liver cancer (April 5); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) David Ignatow (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); James Laughlin, at 83 (Nov. 12); Laurie Lee, at 82 (May 15); Denise Levertov, at 74, of lymphoma (Dec. 20); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); William Matthews, at 55, (Nov. 12), of a heart attack; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

1998
§ AWARDS:
• A. R. Ammons wins the Tanning Prize
• Paul Farley's The Boy from the Chemist is here to see you, wins the Forward award for the best first collection of poems
• Ted Hughes' Birthday Letters, a volume of poems addressed to his late first wife, Sylvia Plath, wins the Whitbread Award (Jan. 27, 1999)
• W. S. Merwin wins the Lilly Prize (July 8)
• Sir Les Murray wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Charles Simic wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Gerald Stern's This Time wins the National Book Award (Nov. 18) and the National Book Critics Circle Award
• Charles Wright wins the Pulitzer Prize for Black Zodiac (April 14)
DEATHS: John Malcolm Brinnin; Aimee Joan Grunberger, of cancer, at 44; Zbigniew Herbert (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Ted Hughes, of cancer (Oct. 28); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Janet Lewis (Dec. 1); Hilda Morley, at 81; Octavio Paz, Mexican poet (April 19); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Martin Seymour-Smith (July 1)

1999
• Ernest Hemingway's oldest son John donates his father's Three Stories and Ten Poems to the Library of Congress
• Andrew Motion becomes British Poet Laureate (May 19)
• Robert Pinsky becomes US Poet Laureate (April 27)
• Scotland's Parliament opened with the singing of Robert Burns' "A Man's a Man For A'That," instead of "God Save The Queen" (July 1)
§ AWARDS:
• Ai's Vice: New and Selected Poems wins the National Book Award (Nov. 17)
• Gwendolyn Brooks wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Robert Creeley's So There and Life & Death win the Bollingen Prize (Feb. 9)
• Seamus Heaney wins the Whitbread Prize for his translation of Beowulf (Jan. 2000)
• Maxime Kumin wins the Lilly Prize
• Jackson MacLow wins the Tanning Prize
• Edwin Morgan wins the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry (UK)
• Marie Ponsot wins the Book Critics Circle Award for The Bird Catcher (March 8)
• Adrienne Rich wins the Lannan Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award (Oct.)
• Mark Strand wins the Pulitzer Prize for Blizzard of One (April 12)
DEATHS: Patricia Beer, at 79; Edward Dorn, 70 (Dec.); Ida Affleck Graves, 97 (Dec.) Moondog, street poet (aka Louis T. Hardin), 83 (Sept. 8); John Frederick Nims, (Jan. 13); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Shel Silverstein, 66 (May 9); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

2000
• Stanley Kunitz is appointed US Poet Laureate (July 31)
• Janice Mirikitani succeeds Lawrence Ferlinghetti as San Francisco's Poet Laureate (Feb.)
• National Poetry Day in Great Britain (Oct. 4): 300 school children at the Royal Festival Hall and 4,000 persons nationwide performed Patience Agbabi's "Word," a new Guinness World Record for simultaneous mass performance of a poem
• Edward Lear's "The Owl and the Pussycat" named Britain's favourite children's poem in a BBC Poll (Oct. 3)
• Justin Trudeau quotes from Robert Frost's "Stopping by Woods" at the funeral of his father, former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau (Oct. 3)
• Spike Milligan is made an honorary knight
§ AWARDS:
• John Burnside's The Asylum Dance wins the Whitbread Poetry Award
• Anne Carson and Lucia Perillo win MacArthur Fellowships (June 13)
• Lucille Clifton's Blessing the Book wins the National Book Award
• Carl Dennis wins the Lilly Prize (April 17)
• Lyn Hejinian wins the Academy of American Poets Fellowship
• Ruth Stone's Ordinary Words wins the National Book Critics Circle Award (March 13)
• Hugo Williams's Billy's Rain wins the T. S. Eliot Prize (Jan.)
• C. K. Williams' Repair wins the Pulitzer Prize (April 10)
• Maya Angelou wins the National Medal of Arts (Dec. 14)
• Frank Bidart wins the Wallace Stevens Award, formerly the Tanning Prize (Dec. 15)
• David Ferry's Of No Country I Know wins the Rebekah Johnson Bobbitt National Prize for Poetry (Dec. 18)
DEATHS: Yehuda Amichai (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Gwendolyn Brooks (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Edgar Bowers, at 75, of non-Hodgkins' lymphoma; Roland Flint, at 66 (Jan. 2), of cancer; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US) Alex Derwent Hope (July 13); Al Purdy, 81 (April 21), of lung cancer; Karl Shapiro, at 86 (May 14); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); R. S. Thomas, 87 (Sept. 25); Judith Wright, 85, of a heart attack; William Scammell (Nov. 29); Gwendolyn Brooks, 83 (Dec. 3), of cancer; Adrian Henry (Dec. 20)

2001
• Billy Collins is named US Poet Laureate (June 20), starting October
• (Canadian) P. K. Page's poem "Planet Earth" was selected by Marilyn Hacker to be read during the last week in March as part of the United Nations project, "Dialogue among Civilizations through Poetry," at the U.N. building in New York, Mount Everest, the West Philippines Sea, and Antarctica. Over 200 poetry readings in 150 cities worldwide took place that week.
• Professor John Basinger, 67, performed, from memory, John Milton's Paradise Lost at Three Rivers Community-Technical College in Norwich, Connecticutt, on Dec. 7-9, a feat that took 18 hours
§ AWARDS:
• Judy Jordan's Carolina Ghost Woods wins the Book Critics Circle Award (March 12)
• Stephen Dunn's Different Hours wins the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (April 16)
• Yusef Komunyakaa wins the Lilly Prize (April 26)
• Alan Dugan's "Poems Seven: New and Complete Poetry" wins the National Book Award for Poetry (Nov.)
BIRTHS: A. R. Ammons (Feb. 25; Academy of American Poets Web site; US)
DEATHS: Gregory N. Corso, 70 (Jan. 17; Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Agha Shahid Ali (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Anne Ridler, 89 (Oct. 16) Andrew Waterhouse (Oct. 20); Elizabeth Jennings (Oct. 26); Pamela Gillilan (Oct. 26); David Gascoyne (Nov. 25)

2002
DEATHS: June Jordan, of breast cancer (June 14); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US); Kenneth Koch, (July 6), of leukemia; (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);

2003
DEATHS: Alan Dugan (Academy of American Poets Web site; US)

2004
DEATHS: Pedro Pietri (March 3); (Academy of American Poets Web site; US);


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