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Site Area Terminology

The Kommos archaeological site spreads some kilometers along the coastline of Crete facing the Libyan Sea. Only a part, but no doubt an important one, was excavated and this lies within the fenced area. This (Fig. 1*) starts at a low hilltop on the north and leads down the natural slope to a relatively level area on the south next to the shoreline. Area terminology developed from this topographical layout: the Hilltop with its houses of the Minoan town (Fig. 2*) sloped down to what we came to call the Central Hillside (Fig. 4*) which in turn led to the fairly level Southern Area (Fig. 6*, color plan) with a Greek sanctuary built over earlier monumental Minoan buildings.

Over the years trenches were laid next to each other, and sometimes above or even within each other when lower levels had to be reached. Those on the Hilltop and Central Hillside can be seen in Figs. 3* and 5*; those in the Southern Area are in Figs. 7* and 8*, the first recording the upper trenches in an area of very deep, superposed levels, upon which rest the remains of the Greek Sanctuary. Specific trench books and their relevant areas are shown in Tables 1*, 2*, and 3*. Many notebooks record work in only one area, while others describe excavation on various parts of the site. Some are more general books kept by the Director. Most trenches were located in terms of their positioning on the site grid established before excavation began.